Almost 4.57 billion people were active internet users as of July 2020, encompassing 59 percent of the global population. 94% of enterprises use cloud. 77% of organizations worldwide have at least one application running on the cloud. This results in an exponential growth of cyber attacks. Therefore, CyberSecurity is one the biggest challenge to individuals and organizations worldwide: 158,727 cyber attacks per hour, 2,645 per minute and 44 every second of every day.
In this blog, we cover the Top 25 AWS Certified Security Specialty Questions and Answers Dumps and all latest and relevant information about CyberSecurity including:
- CyberSecurity Key Terms
- CyberSecurity Certification Roadmap
- Hacking Tools Cheat Sheet
- Wireshark Cheat Sheet
- CyberSecurity Top Posts on Reddit
- Best CyberSecurity Books
- Best CyberSecurity Online Training
- Best CyberSecurity Courses
- Best CyberSecurity Podcasts
- Best Cybersecurity Youtube Channels
- CyberSecurity Jobs
- CyberSecurity Cheat Sheets
- How SSl Certificates Works
- Penetration Testing Terms
- CyberSecurity Post COVID-19
- CyberSecurity Questions and Answers
- What are the best ways to protect yourself on the internet?
- Who are the notable hackers
- History of RansomWare
I- The AWS Certified Security – Specialty (SCS-C01) examination is intended for individuals who perform a security role. This exam validates an examinee’s ability to effectively demonstrate knowledge about securing the AWS platform.
It validates an examinee’s ability to demonstrate:
An understanding of specialized data classifications and AWS data protection mechanisms.
An understanding of data-encryption methods and AWS mechanisms to implement them.
An understanding of secure Internet protocols and AWS mechanisms to implement them.
A working knowledge of AWS security services and features of services to provide a secure production environment.
Competency gained from two or more years of production deployment experience using AWS security services and features.
The ability to make tradeoff decisions with regard to cost, security, and deployment complexity given a set of application requirements.
An understanding of security operations and risks.
Below are the Top 25 AWS Certified Security Specialty Questions and Answers Dumps including Notes, Hint and References:
Question 1: When requested through an STS API call, credentials are returned with what three components?
Reference1: Security Token, Access Key ID, Secret Access Key
Question 2: A company has AWS workloads in multiple geographical locations. A Developer has created an Amazon Aurora database in the us-west-1 Region. The database is encrypted using a customer-managed AWS KMS key. Now the Developer wants to create the same encrypted database in the us-east-1 Region. Which approach should the Developer take to accomplish this task?
Question 3: A corporate cloud security policy states that communication between the company’s VPC and KMS must travel entirely within the AWS network and not use public service endpoints. Which combination of the following actions MOST satisfies this requirement? (Select TWO.)
Reference3: AWS KMS
Question 4: An application team is designing a solution with two applications. The security team wants the applications’ logs to be captured in two different places, because one of the applications produces logs with sensitive data. Which solution meets the requirement with the LEAST risk and effort?
Reference4: Amazon CloudWatch Logs log group.
Question 5: A security engineer must set up security group rules for a three-tier application:
- Presentation tier – Accessed by users over the web, protected by the security group presentation-sg
- Logic tier – RESTful API accessed from the presentation tier through HTTPS, protected by the security group logic-sg
- Data tier – SQL Server database accessed over port 1433 from the logic tier, protected by the security group data-sg
Reference5: n-tier architecture
Question 6: A security engineer is working with a product team building a web application on AWS. The application uses Amazon S3 to host the static content, Amazon API Gateway to provide RESTful services, and Amazon DynamoDB as the backend data store. The users already exist in a directory that is exposed through a SAML identity provider. Which combination of the following actions should the engineer take to enable users to be authenticated into the web application and call APIs? (Select THREE).
Question 7: A company is hosting a web application on AWS and is using an Amazon S3 bucket to store images. Users should have the ability to read objects in the bucket. A security engineer has written the following bucket policy to grant public read access:
Reference7: IAM Policy – Access to S3 bucket
Question 8: A company decides to place database hosts in its own VPC, and to set up VPC peering to different VPCs containing the application and web tiers. The application servers are unable to connect to the database. Which network troubleshooting steps should be taken to resolve the issue? (Select TWO.)
Question 9: A company is building a data lake on Amazon S3. The data consists of millions of small files containing sensitive information. The security team has the following requirements for the architecture:
- Data must be encrypted in transit.
- Data must be encrypted at rest.
- The bucket must be private, but if the bucket is accidentally made public, the data must remain confidential.
Question 10: A security engineer must ensure that all API calls are collected across all company accounts, and that they are preserved online and are instantly available for analysis for 90 days. For compliance reasons, this data must be restorable for 7 years. Which steps must be taken to meet the retention needs in a scalable, cost-effective way?
Reference10: lifecycle policies
Question 11: A security engineer has been informed that a user’s access key has been found on GitHub. The engineer must ensure that this access key cannot continue to be used, and must assess whether the access key was used to perform any unauthorized activities. Which steps must be taken to perform these tasks?
Reference11: malicious activities
Question 12: You have a CloudFront
B) The ‘*’ path
Question 13: An application running
Question 14: An organization is
Question 15: From a security
Question 16: A company is storing an
Reference16: IAM Roles for EC2
Question 17: While signing in REST/
Reference17: Rest API
Question 18: You are using AWS
Question 19: Your company has
Reference19: About Web Identity Federation
Question 20: Your application
Reference20: Cognito Streams
Reference21: AWS Key
Question 22: Which of the following
Reference23: Envelope encryption
Question 24: Which command can you
Question 25: If an EC2 instance uses an instance role, key rotation is automatic and handled by __.
CYBERSECURITY KEY TERMS
- Cryptography: Practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of third parties called adversaries.
- Hacking: catch-all term for any type of misuse of a computer to break the security of another computing system to steal data, corrupt systems or files, commandeer the environment or disrupt data-related activities in any way.
- Cyberwarfare: Uuse of technology to attack a nation, causing comparable harm to actual warfare. There is significant debate among experts regarding the definition of cyberwarfare, and even if such a thing exists
- Penetration testing: Colloquially known as a pen test, pentest or ethical hacking, is an authorized simulated cyberattack on a computer system, performed to evaluate the security of the system. Not to be confused with a vulnerability assessment.
- Malwares: Any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server, client, or computer network. A wide variety of malware types exist, including computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, ransomware, spyware, adware, rogue software, and scareware.
- VPN: A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network. Applications running across a VPN may therefore benefit from the functionality, security, and management of the private network. Encryption is a common, although not an inherent, part of a VPN connection.
- DDos: A distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack is one of the most powerful weapons on the internet. When you hear about a website being “brought down by hackers,” it generally means it has become a victim of a DDoS attack.
- Fraud Detection: Set of activities undertaken to prevent money or property from being obtained through false pretenses. Fraud detection is applied to many industries such as banking or insurance. In banking, fraud may include forging checks or using stolen credit cards.
- Spywares: Spyware describes software with malicious behavior that aims to gather information about a person or organization and send such information to another entity in a way that harms the user; for example by violating their privacy or endangering their device’s security.
- Spoofing: Disguising a communication from an unknown source as being from a known, trusted source
- Pharming: Malicious websites that look legitimate and are used to gather usernames and passwords.
- Catfishing: Creating a fake profile for fraudulent or deceptive purposes
- SSL: Stands for secure sockets layer. Protocol for web browsers and servers that allows for the authentication, encryption and decryption of data sent over the Internet.
- Phishing emails: Disguised as trustworthy entity to lure someone into providing sensitive information
- Intrusion detection System: Device or software application that monitors a network or systems for malicious activity or policy violations. Any intrusion activity or violation is typically reported either to an administrator or collected centrally using a security information and event management system.
- Encryption: Encryption is the method by which information is converted into secret code that hides the information’s true meaning. The science of encrypting and decrypting information is called cryptography. In computing, unencrypted data is also known as plaintext, and encrypted data is called ciphertext.
- MFA: Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is defined as a security mechanism that requires an individual to provide two or more credentials in order to authenticate their identity. In IT, these credentials take the form of passwords, hardware tokens, numerical codes, biometrics, time, and location.
- Vulnerabilities: A vulnerability is a hole or a weakness in the application, which can be a design flaw or an implementation bug, that allows an attacker to cause harm to the stakeholders of an application. Stakeholders include the application owner, application users, and other entities that rely on the application.
- SQL injections: SQL injection is a code injection technique, used to attack data-driven applications, in which malicious SQL statements are inserted into an entry field for execution.
- Cyber attacks: In computers and computer networks an attack is any attempt to expose, alter, disable, destroy, steal or gain unauthorized access to or make unauthorized use of an asset.
- Confidentiality: Confidentiality involves a set of rules or a promise usually executed through confidentiality agreements that limits access or places restrictions on certain types of information.
- Secure channel: In cryptography, a secure channel is a way of transferring data that is resistant to overhearing and tampering. A confidential channel is a way of transferring data that is resistant to overhearing, but not necessarily resistant to tampering.
- Tunneling: Communications protocol that allows for the movement of data from one network to another. It involves allowing private network communications to be sent across a public network through a process called encapsulation.
- SSH: Secure Shell is a cryptographic network protocol for operating network services securely over an unsecured network. Typical applications include remote command-line, login, and remote command execution, but any network service can be secured with SSH.
- SSL Certificates: SSL certificates are what enable websites to move from HTTP to HTTPS, which is more secure. An SSL certificate is a data file hosted in a website’s origin server. SSL certificates make SSL/TLS encryption possible, and they contain the website’s public key and the website’s identity, along with related information.
- Phishing: Phishing is a cybercrime in which a target or targets are contacted by email, telephone or text message by someone posing as a legitimate institution to lure individuals into providing sensitive data such as personally identifiable information, banking and credit card details, and passwords.
- Cybercrime: Cybercrime, or computer-oriented crime, is a crime that involves a computer and a network. The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target. Cybercrime may threaten a person, company or a nation’s security and financial health.
- Backdoor: A backdoor is a means to access a computer system or encrypted data that bypasses the system’s customary security mechanisms. A developer may create a backdoor so that an application or operating system can be accessed for troubleshooting or other purposes.
- Salt and Hash: A cryptographic salt is made up of random bits added to each password instance before its hashing. Salts create unique passwords even in the instance of two users choosing the same passwords. Salts help us mitigate rainbow table attacks by forcing attackers to re-compute them using the salts.
- Password: A password, sometimes called a passcode, is a memorized secret, typically a string of characters, usually used to confirm the identity of a user. Using the terminology of the NIST Digital Identity Guidelines, the secret is memorized by a party called the claimant while the party verifying the identity of the claimant is called the verifier. When the claimant successfully demonstrates knowledge of the password to the verifier through an established authentication protocol, the verifier is able to infer the claimant’s identity.
- Fingerprint: A fingerprint is an impression left by the friction ridges of a human finger. The recovery of partial fingerprints from a crime scene is an important method of forensic science. Moisture and grease on a finger result in fingerprints on surfaces such as glass or metal.
- Facial recognition: Facial recognition works better for a person as compared to fingerprint detection. It releases the person from the hassle of moving their thumb or index finger to a particular place on their mobile phone. A user would just have to bring their phone in level with their eye.
- Asymmetric key ciphers versus symmetric key ciphers (Difference between symmetric and Asymmetric encryption): The basic difference between these two types of encryption is that symmetric encryption uses one key for both encryption and decryption, and the asymmetric encryption uses public key for encryption and a private key for decryption.
- Decryption: The conversion of encrypted data into its original form is called Decryption. It is generally a reverse process of encryption. It decodes the encrypted information so that an authorized user can only decrypt the data because decryption requires a secret key or password.
- Algorithms: Finite sequence of well-defined, computer-implementable instructions, typically to solve a class of problems or to perform a computation.
- Authentication: is the act of proving an assertion, such as the identity of a computer system user. In contrast with identification, the act of indicating a person or thing’s identity, authentication is the process of verifying that identity. It might involve validating personal identity documents, verifying the authenticity of a website with a digital certificate, determining the age of an artifact by carbon dating, or ensuring that a product or document is not counterfeit.
- DFIR: Digital forensic and incident response: Multidisciplinary profession that focuses on identifying, investigating, and remediating computer network exploitation. This can take varied forms and involves a wide variety of skills, kinds of attackers, an kinds of targets. We’ll discuss those more below.
- OTP: One Time Password: A one-time password, also known as one-time PIN or dynamic password, is a password that is valid for only one login session or transaction, on a computer system or other digital device
- Proxy Server and Reverse Proxy Server:A proxy server is a go‑between or intermediary server that forwards requests for content from multiple clients to different servers across the Internet. A reverse proxy server is a type of proxy server that typically sits behind the firewall in a private network and directs client requests to the appropriate backend server.
LATEST CYBER SECURITY NEWS
WireShark Cheat Sheet
Top CyberSecurity All Time Posts
Show All Around Defender Primers
- Linux CLI 101 https://wiki.sans.blue/Tools/pdfs/LinuxCLI101.pdf
- Linux CLI https://wiki.sans.blue/Tools/pdfs/LinuxCLI.pdf
- PowerShell Primer https://wiki.sans.blue/Tools/pdfs/PowerShell.pdf
- PowerShell Get-WinEvent https://wiki.sans.blue/Tools/pdfs/Get-WinEvent.pdf
Show Offensive * Exploit Database
Offensive * Exploit Database – The Exploit Database is maintained by Offensive Security, an information security training company that provides various Information Security Certifications as well as high end penetration testing services. https://www.exploit-db.com/
- Krebs On Security In depth security news and investigation https://krebsonsecurity.com/
- Dark Reading Cyber security’s comprehensive news site is now an online community for security professionals. https://www.darkreading.com/
- The Hacker News – The Hacker News (THN) is a leading, trusted, widely-acknowledged dedicated cybersecurity news platform, attracting over 8 million monthly readers including IT professionals, researchers, hackers, technologists, and enthusiasts. https://thehackernews.com
- SecuriTeam – A free and independent source of vulnerability information. https://securiteam.com/
- SANS NewsBites – “A semiweekly high-level executive summary of the most important news articles that have been published on computer security during the last week. Each news item is very briefly summarized and includes a reference on the web for detailed information, if possible.” Published for free on Tuesdays and Fridays. https://www.sans.org/newsletters/newsbites
CYBERSECURITY YOUTUBE CHANNELS
This list was originally forked/curated from here: https://wportal.xyz/collection/cybersec-yt1 on (7/29/2020) Attribution and appreciation to d4rckh
- Djamga Technology
- SimplyCyber Weekly vids, Simply Cyber brings Information security related content to help IT or Information Security professionals take their career further, faster. Current cyber security industry topics and techniques are explored to promote a career in the field. Topics cover offense, defense, governance, risk, compliance, privacy, education, certification, conferences; all with the intent of professional development. https://www.youtube.com/c/GeraldAuger
- IPPSec https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCa6eh7gCkpPo5XXUDfygQQA
- Tradecraft Security Weekly – Want to learn about all of the latest security tools and techniques? https://wiki.securityweekly.com/Tradecraft_Security_Weekly
- Derek Rook – CTF/Boot2root/wargames Walkthrough – lots of lengthy screenshot instructional vids https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMACXuWd2w6_IEGog744UaA
- Adrian Crenshaw – lots of lengthy con-style talks https://www.youtube.com/user/irongeek
- LionSec – lots of brief screenshot instructional vids, no dialog https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCQLBOt_hbGE-b9I696VRow
- Zer0Mem0ry – lots of brief c++ security videos, programming intensive https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDk155eaoariJF2Dn2j5WKA
- webpwnized – lots of brief screenshot vids, some CTF walkthroughs https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCPeJcqbi8v46Adk59plaaXg
- Waleed Jutt – lots of brief screenshot vids covering web security and game programming https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCeN7cOELsyMHrzfMsJUgv3Q
- Troy Hunt – lone youtuber, medium length news videos, 16K followers, regular content https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCD6MWz4A61JaeGrvyoYl-rQ
- Tradecraft Security Weekly – Want to learn about all of the latest security tools and techniques?https://wiki.securityweekly.com/Tradecraft_Security_Weekly
- SSTec Tutorials – lots of brief screenshot vids, regular updates https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCHvUTfxL_9bNQgqzekPWHtg
- Shozab Haxor – lots of screenshot style instructional vids, regular updates, windows CLI tutorial https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBwub2kRoercWQJ2mw82h3A
- Seytonic – variety of DIY hacking tutorials, hardware hacks, regular updates https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCW6xlqxSY3gGur4PkGPEUeA
- Security Weekly – regular updates, lengthy podcast-style interviews with industry pros https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCg–XBjJ50a9tUhTKXVPiqg
- SecureNinjaTV – brief news bites, irregular posting, 18K followers https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNxfV4yR0nIlhFmfwcdf3BQ
- Samy Kamkar’s Applied hacking https://www.youtube.com/user/s4myk
- rwbnetsec – lots of medium length instructional videos covering tools from Kali 2.0, no recent posts. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCAJ8Clc3188ek9T_5XTVzZQ
- Penetration Testing in Linux https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC286ntgASMskhPIJQebJVvA
- Pentester Academy TV – lots of brief videos, very regular posting, up to +8 a week https://www.youtube.com/channel/UChjC1q6Ami7W0E71TzPZELA
- Open SecurityTraining – lots of lengthy lecture-style vids, no recent posts, but quality info. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCthV50MozQIfawL9a_g5rdg
- NetSecNow – channel of pentesteruniversity.org, seems to post once a month, screenshot instructional vids https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6J_GnSAi7F2hY4RmnMcWJw
- Metasploitation – lots of screenshot vids, little to no dialogue, all about using Metasploit, no recent vids. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC9Qa_gXarSmObPX3ooIQZrg
- LiveOverflow – Lots of brief-to-medium instructional vids, covering things like buffer overflows and exploit writing, regular posts. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClcE-kVhqyiHCcjYwcpfj9w
- LionSec – lots of brief screenshot instructional vids, no dialog https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCQLBOt_hbGE-b9I696VRow
- Latest Hacking News 10K followers, medium length screenshot videos, no recent releases https://www.youtube.com/user/thefieldhouse/feed
- John Hammond – Solves CTF problems. contains penTesting tips and tricks https://www.youtube.com/user/RootOfTheNull
- JackkTutorials – lots of medium length instructional vids with some AskMe vids from the youtuber https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC64x_rKHxY113KMWmprLBPA
- iExplo1t – lots of screenshot vids aimed at novices, 5.7K Followers, no recent posts https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCx0HClQ_cv0sLNOVhoO2nxg/videos
- HACKING TUTORIALS – handful of brief screenshot vids, no recent posts. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCbsn2kQwNxcIzHwbdDjzehA
- HackerSploit – regular posts, medium length screenshot vids, with dialog https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0ZTPkdxlAKf-V33tqXwi3Q
- GynvaelEN – Security streams from Google Researcher. Mainly about CTFs, computer security, programing and similar things. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCkVMojdBWS-JtH7TliWkVg
- Geeks Fort – KIF – lots of brief screenshot vids, no recent posts https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC09NdTL2hkThGLSab8chJMw
- Error 404 Cyber News – short screen-shot videos with loud metal, no dialog, bi-weekly https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC4HcNHFKshqj-aeyi6imW7Q
- Don Does 30 – amateur pen-tester posting lots of brief screenshot vids regularly, 9K Followers https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCarxjDjSYsIf50Jm73V1D7g
- Derek Rook – CTF/Boot2root/wargames Walkthrough – lots of lengthy screenshot instructional vids, https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMACXuWd2w6_IEGog744UaA
- DemmSec – lots of pen testing vids, somewhat irregular uploads, 44K followers https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJItQmwUrcW4VdUqWaRUNIg
- DEFCON Conference – lots of lengthy con-style vids from the iconical DEFCON https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Om9kAkl32dWlDSNlDS9Iw
- DedSec – lots of brief screenshot how-to vids based in Kali, no recent posts. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCx34ZZW2KgezfUPPeL6m8Dw
- danooct1 – lots of brief screenshot, how-to vids regarding malware, regular content updates, 186K followers https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCqbkm47qBxDj-P3lI9voIAw
- BalCCon – Balkan Computer Congress – Long con-style talks from the Balkan Computer Congress, doesn’t update regularlyhttps://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoHypmu8rxlB5Axh5JxFZsA
- Corey Nachreiner – security newsbites, 2.7K subscribers, 2-3 videos a week, no set schedule https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7dUL0FbVPGqzdb2HtWw3Xg
- Adrian Crenshaw – lots of lengthy con-style talks https://www.youtube.com/user/irongeek
- 0x41414141 – Channel with couple challenges, well explained https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCPqes566OZ3G_fjxL6BngRQ
- HackADay – Hackaday serves up Fresh Hacks Every Day from around the Internet. https://hackaday.com/
- TheCyberMentor – Heath Adams uploads regular videos related to various facets of cyber security, from bug bounty hunts to specific pentest methodologies like API, buffer overflows, networking. https://www.youtube.com/c/TheCyberMentor/
- Grant Collins – Grant uploads videos regarding breaking into cybersecurity, various cybersecurity projects, building up a home lab amongst many others. Also has a companion discord channel and a resource website. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCTLUi3oc1-a7dS-2-YgEKmA/featured
- Risky Business Published weekly, the Risky Business podcast features news and in-depth commentary from security industry luminaries. Hosted by award-winning journalist Patrick Gray, Risky Business has become a must-listen digest for information security professionals. https://risky.biz/
- Pauls Security Weekly This show features interviews with folks in the security community; technical segments, which are just that, very technical; and security news, which is an open discussion forum for the hosts to express their opinions about the latest security headlines, breaches, new exploits and vulnerabilities, “not” politics, “cyber” policies and more. https://securityweekly.com/category-shows/paul-security-weekly/
- Security Now – Steve Gibson, the man who coined the term spyware and created the first anti-spyware program, creator of Spinrite and ShieldsUP, discusses the hot topics in security today with Leo Laporte. https://twit.tv/shows/security-now
- Daily Information Security Podcast (“StormCast”) Stormcasts are daily 5-10 minute information security threat updates. The podcast is produced each work day, and typically released late in the day to be ready for your morning commute. https://isc.sans.edu/podcast.html
- ShadowTalk Threat Intelligence Podcast by Digital Shadow_. The weekly podcast highlights key findings of primary-source research our Intelligence Team is conducting, along with guest speakers discussing the latest threat actors, campaigns, security events and industry news. https://resources.digitalshadows.com/threat-intelligence-podcast-shadowtalk
- Don’t Panic – The Unit 42 Podcast Don’t Panic! is the official podcast from Unit 42 at Palo Alto Networks. We find the big issues that are frustrating cyber security practitioners and help simplify them so they don’t need to panic. https://unit42.libsyn.com/
- Recorded Future Recorded Future takes you inside the world of cyber threat intelligence. We’re sharing stories from the trenches and the operations floor as well as giving you the skinny on established and emerging adversaries. We also talk current events, technical tradecraft, and offer up insights on the big picture issues in our industry. https://www.recordedfuture.com/resources/podcast/
- The Cybrary Podcast Listen in to the Cybrary Podcast where we discuss a range topics from DevSecOps and Ransomware attacks to diversity and how to retain of talent. Entrepreneurs at all stages of their startup companies join us to share their stories and experience, including how to get funding, hiring the best talent, driving sales, and choosing where to base your business. https://www.cybrary.it/info/cybrary-podcast/
- Cyber Life The Cyber Life podcast is for cyber security (InfoSec) professionals, people trying to break into the industry, or business owners looking to learn how to secure their data. We will talk about many things, like how to get jobs, cover breakdowns of hot topics, and have special guest interviews with the men and women “in the trenches” of the industry. https://redcircle.com/shows/cyber-life
- Career Notes Cybersecurity professionals share their personal career journeys and offer tips and advice in this brief, weekly podcast from The CyberWire. https://www.thecyberwire.com/podcasts/career-notes
Below podcasts Added from here: https://infosec-conferences.com/cybersecurity-podcasts/
- Down the Security Rabbithole http://podcast.wh1t3rabbit.net/ Down the Security Rabbithole is hosted by Rafal Los and James Jardine who discuss, by means of interviewing or news analysis, everything about Cybersecurity which includes Cybercrime, Cyber Law, Cyber Risk, Enterprise Risk & Security and many more. If you want to hear issues that are relevant to your organization, subscribe and tune-in to this podcast.
- The Privacy, Security, & OSINT Show https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/the-privacy-security-osint-show/id1165843330 The Privacy, Security, & OSINT Show, hosted by Michael Bazzell, is your weekly dose of digital security, privacy, and Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) opinion and news. This podcast will help listeners learn some ideas on how to stay secure from cyber-attacks and help them become “digitally invisible”.
- Defensive Security Podcast https://defensivesecurity.org/ Hosted by Andrew Kalat (@lerg) and Jerry Bell (@maliciouslink), the Defensive Security Podcasts aims to look/discuss the latest security news happening around the world and pick out the lessons that can be applied to keeping organizations secured. As of today, they have more than 200 episodes and some of the topics discussed include Forensics, Penetration Testing, Incident Response, Malware Analysis, Vulnerabilities and many more.
- Darknet Diaries https://darknetdiaries.com/episode/ Darknet Diaries Podcast is hosted and produced by Jack Rhysider that discuss topics related to information security. It also features some true stories from hackers who attacked or have been attacked. If you’re a fan of the show, you might consider buying some of their souvenirs here (https://shop.darknetdiaries.com/).
- Brakeing Down Security https://www.brakeingsecurity.com/ Brakeing Down Security started in 2014 and is hosted by Bryan Brake, Brian Boettcher, and Amanda Berlin. This podcast discusses everything about the Cybersecurity world, Compliance, Privacy, and Regulatory issues that arise in today’s organizations. The hosts will teach concepts that Information Security Professionals need to know and discuss topics that will refresh the memories of seasoned veterans.
- Open Source Security Podcast https://www.opensourcesecuritypodcast.com/ Open Source Security Podcast is a podcast that discusses security with an open-source slant. The show started in 2016 and is hosted by Josh Bressers and Kurt Siefried. As of this writing, they now posted around 190+ podcasts
- Cyber Motherboard https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/cyber/id1441708044 Ben Makuch is the host of the podcast CYBER and weekly talks to Motherboard reporters Lorenzo Franceschi-Bicchierai and Joseph Cox. They tackle topics about famous hackers and researchers about the biggest news in cybersecurity. The Cyber- stuff gets complicated really fast, but Motherboard spends its time fixed in the infosec world so we don’t have to.
- Hak5 https://shop.hak5.org/pages/videos Hak5 is a brand that is created by a group of security professionals, hardcore gamers and “IT ninjas”. Their podcast, which is mostly uploaded on YouTube discusses everything from open-source software to penetration testing and network infrastructure. Their channel currently has 590,000 subscribers and is one of the most viewed shows when you want to learn something about security networks.
- Threatpost Podcast Series https://threatpost.com/category/podcasts/ Threatpost is an independent news site which is a leading source of information about IT and business security for hundreds of thousands of professionals worldwide. With an award-winning editorial team produces unique and high-impact content including security news, videos, feature reports and more, with their global editorial activities are driven by industry-leading journalist Tom Spring, editor-in-chief.
- CISO-Security Vendor Relationship Podcast https://cisoseries.com Co-hosted by the creator of the CISO/Security Vendor Relationship Series, David Spark, and Mike Johnson, in 30 minutes, this weekly program challenges the co-hosts, guests, and listeners to critique, share true stories. This podcast, The CISO/Security Vendor Relationship, targets to enlighten and educate listeners on improving security buyer and seller relationships.
- Getting Into Infosec Podcast Stories of how Infosec and Cybersecurity pros got jobs in the field so you can be inspired, motivated, and educated on your journey. – https://gettingintoinfosec.com/
- Unsupervised Learning Weekly podcasts and biweekly newsletters as a curated summary intersection of security, technology, and humans, or a standalone idea to provoke thought, by Daniel Miessler. https://danielmiessler.com/podcast/
- Building Secure & Reliable Systems Best Practices for Designing, Implementing and Maintaining Systems (O’Reilly) By Heather Adkins, Betsy Beyer, Paul Blankinship, Ana Oprea, Piotr Lewandowski, Adam Stubblefield https://landing.google.com/sre/books/
- Security Engineering By Ross Anderson – A guide to building dependable distributed systems. (and Ross Anderson is brilliant //OP editorial) https://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~rja14/book.html
- The Cyber Skill Gap By Vagner Nunes – The Cyber Skill Gap: How To Become A Highly Paid And Sought After Information Security Specialist! (Use COUPON CODE: W4VSPTW8G7 to make it free) https://payhip.com/b/PdkW
- The Beginner’s Guide to Information Security By Limor Elbaz – Offers insight and resources to help readers embark on a career in one of the 21st century’s most important—and potentially lucrative—fields. https://www.amazon.com/Beginners-Guide-Information-Security-Kickstart-ebook/dp/B01JTDDSAM
- Free Springer Textbooks Valid at least through July, Springer is providing free access to several hundred titles in its eBook collection. Books are available via SpringerLink and can be viewed online or downloaded as PDF or EBUP files. Disciplines include computer science, networking, cryptography, digital forensics, and others. https://link.springer.com/search/page/1?facet-content-type=%22Book%22&package=mat-covid19_textbooks&facet-language=%22En%22&sortOrder=newestFirst&showAll=true
- Texas A&M Security Courses The web-based courses are designed to ensure that the privacy, reliability, and integrity of the information systems that power the global economy remain intact and secure. The web-based courses are offered through three discipline-specific tracks: general, non-technical computer users; technical IT professionals; and business managers and professionals. https://teex.org/program/dhs-cybersecurity/
- WebSecurity Academy Free online web security training from the creators of Burp Suite https://portswigger.net/web-security
- Mosse Cyber Security Institute Introduction to cybersecurity free certification with 100+ hours of training, no expiry/renewals, https://www.mosse-institute.com/certifications/mics-introduction-to-cyber-security.html
- BugCrowd University Free bug hunting resources and methodologies in form of webinars, education and training. https://www.bugcrowd.com/hackers/bugcrowd-university/
- Certified Network Security Specialist Certification and training; Expires Aug 31 2020 Use coupon code #StaySafeHome during checkout to claim your free access. Offer is valid till 31/08/2020. £500.00 Value https://www.icsi.co.uk/courses/icsi-cnss-certified-network-security-specialist-covid-19
- Metasploit Unleashed Most complete and in-depth Metasploit guide available, with contributions from the authors of the No Starch Press Metasploit Book. https://www.offensive-security.com/metasploit-unleashed/
- AWS Cloud Certified Get skills in AWS to be more marketable. Training is quality and free. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3hLmDS179YE Have to create an AWS account, Exam is $100.
- SANS Faculty Free Tools List of OSS developed by SANS staff. https://www.sans.org/media/free/free-faculty-tools.pdf?msc=sans-free-lp
- “Using ATT&CK for Cyber Threat Intelligence Training” – 4 hour training The goal of this training is for students to understand the following: at: https://attack.mitre.org/resources/training/cti/
- Coursera -“Coursera Together: Free online learning during COVID-19” Lots of different types of free training. https://blog.coursera.org/coursera-together-free-online-learning-during-covid-19/
- Fortinet Security Appliance Training Free access to the FortiGate Essentials Training Course and Network Security Expert courses 1 and 2 https://www.fortinet.com/training/cybersecurity-professionals.html
- Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) Workshop Training – The Chief Information Security Office (CISO) workshop contains a collection of security learnings, principles, and recommendations for modernizing security in your organization. This training workshop is a combination of experiences from Microsoft security teams and learnings from customers. – https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/security/ciso-workshop/ciso-workshop
- CLARK Center Plan C – Free cybersecurity curriculum that is primarily video-based or provide online assignments that can be easily integrated into a virtual learning environments https://clark.center/home
- Hack.me is a FREE, community based project powered by eLearnSecurity. The community can build, host and share vulnerable web application code for educational and research purposes. It aims to be the largest collection of “runnable” vulnerable web applications, code samples and CMS’s online. The platform is available without any restriction to any party interested in Web Application Security. https://hack.me/
- Hacker101 – Free classes for web security – https://www.hacker101.com/
- ElasticStack – Free on-demand Elastic Stack, observability, and security courses. https://training.elastic.co/learn-from-home
- Hoppers Roppers – Community built around a series of free courses that provide training to beginners in the security field. https://www.hoppersroppers.org/training.html
- IBM Security Learning Academy Free technical training for IBM Security products. https://www.securitylearningacademy.com/
- M.E. Kabay Free industry courses and course materials for students, teachers and others are welcome to use for free courses and lectures. http://www.mekabay.com/courses/index.htm
- Open P-TECH Free digital learning on the tech skills of tomorrow. https://www.ptech.org/open-p-tech/
- Udemy – Online learning course platform “collection from the free courses in our learning marketplace” https://www.udemy.com/courses/free/
- Enroll Now Free: PCAP Programming Essentials in Python https://www.netacad.com/courses/programming/pcap-programming-essentials-python Python is the very versatile, object-oriented programming language used by startups and tech giants, Google, Facebook, Dropbox and IBM. Python is also recommended for aspiring young developers who are interested in pursuing careers in Security, Networking and Internet-of-Things. Once you complete this course, you are ready to take the PCAP – Certified Associate in Python programming. No prior knowledge of programming is required.
- Packt Web Development Course Web Development Get to grips with the fundamentals of the modern web Unlock one year of free online access. https://courses.packtpub.com/pages/free?fbclid=IwAR1FtKQcYK8ycCmBMXaBGvW_7SgPVDMKMaRVwXYcSbiwvMfp75gazxRZlzY
- Stanford University Webinar – Hacked! Security Lessons from Big Name Breaches 50 minute cyber lecture from Stanford.You Will Learn: — The root cause of key breaches and how to prevent them; How to measure your organization’s external security posture; How the attacker lifecycle should influence the way you allocate resources https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V9agUAz0DwI
- Stanford University Webinar – Hash, Hack, Code: Emerging Trends in Cyber Security Join Professor Dan Boneh as he shares new approaches to these emerging trends and dives deeper into how you can protect networks and prevent harmful viruses and threats. 50 minute cyber lecture from Stanford. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=544rhbcDtc8
- Kill Chain: The Cyber War on America’s Elections (Documentary) (Referenced at GRIMMCON), In advance of the 2020 Presidential Election, Kill Chain: The Cyber War on America’s Elections takes a deep dive into the weaknesses of today’s election technology, an issue that is little understood by the public or even lawmakers. https://www.hbo.com/documentaries/kill-chain-the-cyber-war-on-americas-elections
- Intro to Cybersecurity Course (15 hours) Learn how to protect your personal data and privacy online and in social media, and why more and more IT jobs require cybersecurity awareness and understanding. Receive a certificate of completion. https://www.netacad.com/portal/web/self-enroll/c/course-1003729
- Cybersecurity Essentials (30 hours) Foundational knowledge and essential skills for all cybersecurity domains, including info security, systems sec, network sec, ethics and laws, and defense and mitigation techniques used in protecting businesses. https://www.netacad.com/portal/web/self-enroll/c/course-1003733
- Pluralsight and Microsoft Partnership to help you become an expert in Azure. With skill assessments and over 200+ courses, 40+ Skill IQs and 8 Role IQs, you can focus your time on understanding your strengths and skill gaps and learn Azure as quickly as possible.https://www.pluralsight.com/partners/microsoft/azure
- Blackhat Webcast Series Monthly webcast of varying cyber topics. I will post specific ones in the training section below sometimes, but this is worth bookmarking and checking back. They always have top tier speakers on relevant, current topics. https://www.blackhat.com/html/webcast/webcast-home.html
- Federal Virtual Training Environment – US Govt sponsored free courses. There are 6 available, no login required. They are 101 Coding for the Public, 101 Critical Infrastructure Protection for the Public, Cryptocurrency for Law Enforcement for the Public, Cyber Supply Chain Risk Management for the Public, 101 Reverse Engineering for the Public, Fundamentals of Cyber Risk Management. https://fedvte.usalearning.gov/public_fedvte.php
- Harrisburg University CyberSecurity Collection of 18 curated talks. Scroll down to CYBER SECURITY section. You will see there are 4 categories Resource Sharing, Tools & Techniques, Red Team (Offensive Security) and Blue Teaming (Defensive Security). Lot of content in here; something for everyone. https://professionaled.harrisburgu.edu/online-content/
- OnRamp 101-Level ICS Security Workshop Starts this 4/28. 10 videos, Q&A / discussion, bonus audio, great links. Get up to speed fast on ICS security. It runs for 5 weeks. 2 videos per week. Then we keep it open for another 3 weeks for 8 in total. https://onramp-3.s4xevents.com
- HackXOR WebApp CTF Hackxor is a realistic web application hacking game, designed to help players of all abilities develop their skills. All the missions are based on real vulnerabilities I’ve personally found while doing pentests, bug bounty hunting, and research. https://hackxor.net/
- Suricata Training 5-part training module using a simulation as a backdrop to teach how to use Suricata. https://rangeforce.com/resource/suricata-challenge-reg/
- flAWS System Through a series of levels you’ll learn about common mistakes and gotchas when using Amazon Web Services (AWS). Multiple levels, “Buckets” of fun. http://flaws.cloud/
- Stanford CS 253 Web Security A free course from Stanford providing a comprehensive overview of web security. The course begins with an introduction to the fundamentals of web security and proceeds to discuss the most common methods for web attacks and their countermeasures. The course includes video lectures, slides, and links to online reading assignments. https://web.stanford.edu/class/cs253
- Linux Journey A free, handy guide for learning Linux. Coverage begins with the fundamentals of command line navigation and basic text manipulation. It then extends to more advanced topics, such as file systems and networking. The site is well organized and includes many examples along with code snippets. Exercises and quizzes are provided as well. https://linuxjourney.com
- Ryan’s Tutorials A collection of free, introductory tutorials on several technology topics including: Linux command line, Bash scripting, creating and styling webpages with HTML and CSS, counting and converting between different number systems, and writing regular expressions. https://ryanstutorials.net
- The Ultimate List of SANS Cheat Sheets Massive collection of free cybersecurity cheat sheets for quick reference (login with free SANS account required for some penetration testing resources). https://www.sans.org/blog/the-ultimate-list-of-sans-cheat-sheets/
- CYBER INTELLIGENCE ANALYTICS AND OPERATIONS Learn:The ins and outs of all stages of the intelligence cycle from collection to analysis from seasoned intel professionals. How to employ threat intelligence to conduct comprehensive defense strategies to mitigate potential compromise. How to use TI to respond to and minimize impact of cyber incidents. How to generate comprehensive and actionable reports to communicate gaps in defenses and intelligence findings to decision makers. https://www.shadowscape.io/cyber-intelligence-analytics-operat
- Linux Command Line for Beginners 25 hours of training – In this course, you’ll learn from one of Fullstack’s top instructors, Corey Greenwald, as he guides you through learning the basics of the command line through short, digestible video lectures. Then you’ll use Fullstack’s CyberLab platform to hone your new technical skills while working through a Capture the Flag game, a special kind of cybersecurity game designed to challenge participants to solve computer security problems by solving puzzles. Finally, through a list of carefully curated resources through a series of curated resources, we’ll introduce you to some important cybersecurity topics so that you can understand some of the common language, concepts and tools used in the industry. https://prep.fullstackacademy.com/
- Hacking 101 6 hours of free training – First, you’ll take a tour of the world and watch videos of hackers in action across various platforms (including computers, smartphones, and the power grid). You may be shocked to learn what techniques the good guys are using to fight the bad guys (and which side is winning). Then you’ll learn what it’s like to work in this world, as we show you the different career paths open to you and the (significant) income you could make as a cybersecurity professional. https://cyber.fullstackacademy.com/prepare/hacking-101
- Choose Your Own Cyber Adventure Series: Entry Level Cyber Jobs Explained YouTube Playlist (videos from my channel #simplyCyber) This playlist is a collection of various roles within the information security field, mostly entry level, so folks can understand what different opportunities are out there. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4Q-ttyNIRAqog96mt8C8lKWzTjW6f38F
- NETINSTRUCT.COM Free Cybersecurity, IT and Leadership Courses – Includes OS and networking basics. Critical to any Cyber job. https://netinstruct.com/courses
- HackerSploit – HackerSploit is the leading provider of free and open-source Infosec and cybersecurity training. https://hackersploit.org/
- Resources for getting started (Free and Paid)Practice
- DetectionLab (Free)
- LetsDefend.io (Free/Paid)
- DetectionLabELK (Free)
- malware-traffic-analysis (Free)
- Practical Packet Analysis (Book) Chris Sanders
- Logging and Log Management by Anton A. Chuvakin , Kevin J. Schmidt (Book)
- Sigma (Tool)
- SysmonSearch (Tool)
- Applied Network Security Monitoring: Collection, Detection, and Analysis (Book)
- Open Security Training
- SANS Reading Room
- Security Onion
- The Appliance for Digital Investigation and Analysis (ADIA) https://forensics.cert.org/#ADIA
- SANS Investigative Forensic Toolkit (SIFT) Workstation
Memory Analysis Tools
- FOR578: Cyber Threat Intelligence (Paid)
- SEC511: Continuous Monitoring & Security Operations (Paid)
- SEC445: SIEM Design & Implementation (Paid)
- AEGIS Certification (Paid)
CYBERSECURITY COURSES: (Multi-week w/Enrollment)
- Computer Science courses with video lectures Intent of this list is to act as Online bookmarks/lookup table for freely available online video courses. Focus would be to keep the list concise so that it is easy to browse. It would be easier to skim through 15 page list, find the course and start learning than having to read 60 pages of text. If you are student or from non-CS background, please try few courses to decide for yourself as to which course suits your learning curve best. https://github.com/Developer-Y/cs-video-courses?utm_campaign=meetedgar&utm_medium=social&utm_source=meetedgar.com
- Cryptography I -offered by Stanford University – Rolling enrollment – Cryptography is an indispensable tool for protecting information in computer systems. In this course you will learn the inner workings of cryptographic systems and how to correctly use them in real-world applications. The course begins with a detailed discussion of how two parties who have a shared secret key can communicate securely when a powerful adversary eavesdrops and tampers with traffic. We will examine many deployed protocols and analyze mistakes in existing systems. The second half of the course discusses public-key techniques that let two parties generate a shared secret key. https://www.coursera.org/learn/crypto
- Software Security Rolling enrollment -offered by University of Maryland, College Park via Coursera – This course we will explore the foundations of software security. We will consider important software vulnerabilities and attacks that exploit them — such as buffer overflows, SQL injection, and session hijacking — and we will consider defenses that prevent or mitigate these attacks, including advanced testing and program analysis techniques. Importantly, we take a “build security in” mentality, considering techniques at each phase of the development cycle that can be used to strengthen the security of software systems. https://www.coursera.org/learn/software-security
- Intro to Information Security Georgia Institute of Technology via Udacity – Rolling Enrollment. This course provides a one-semester overview of information security. It is designed to help students with prior computer and programming knowledge — both undergraduate and graduate — understand this important priority in society today. Offered at Georgia Tech as CS 6035 https://www.udacity.com/course/intro-to-information-security–ud459
- Cyber-Physical Systems Security Georgia Institute of Technology via Udacity – This course provides an introduction to security issues relating to various cyber-physical systems including industrial control systems and those considered critical infrastructure systems. 16 week course – Offered at Georgia Tech as CS 8803 https://www.udacity.com/course/cyber-physical-systems-security–ud279
- Finding Your Cybersecurity Career Path – University of Washington via edX – 4 weeks long – self paced – In this course, you will focus on the pathways to cybersecurity career success. You will determine your own incoming skills, talent, and deep interests to apply toward a meaningful and informed exploration of 32 Digital Pathways of Cybersecurity. https://www.edx.org/course/finding-your-cybersecurity-career-path
- Building a Cybersecurity Toolkit – University of Washington via edX – 4 weeks self-paced The purpose of this course is to give learners insight into these type of characteristics and skills needed for cybersecurity jobs and to provide a realistic outlook on what they really need to add to their “toolkits” – a set of skills that is constantly evolving, not all technical, but fundamentally rooted in problem-solving. https://www.edx.org/course/building-a-cybersecurity-toolkit
- Cybersecurity: The CISO’s View – University of Washington via edX – 4 weeks long self-paced – This course delves into the role that the CISO plays in cybersecurity operations. Throughout the lessons, learners will explore answers to the following questions: How does cybersecurity work across industries? What is the professionals’ point of view? How do we keep information secure https://www.edx.org/course/cybersecurity-the-cisos-view
- Introduction to Cybersecurity – University of Washington via edX – In this course, you will gain an overview of the cybersecurity landscape as well as national (USA) and international perspectives on the field. We will cover the legal environment that impacts cybersecurity as well as predominant threat actors. – https://www.edx.org/course/introduction-to-cybersecurity
- Cyber Attack Countermeasures New York University (NYU) via Coursera – This course introduces the basics of cyber defense starting with foundational models such as Bell-LaPadula and information flow frameworks. These underlying policy enforcements mechanisms help introduce basic functional protections, starting with authentication methods. Learners will be introduced to a series of different authentication solutions and protocols, including RSA SecureID and Kerberos, in the context of a canonical schema. – https://www.coursera.org/learn/cyber-attack-countermeasures
- Introduction to Cyber Attacks New York University (NYU) via Coursera – This course provides learners with a baseline understanding of common cyber security threats, vulnerabilities, and risks. An overview of how basic cyber attacks are constructed and applied to real systems is also included. Examples include simple Unix kernel hacks, Internet worms, and Trojan horses in software utilities. Network attacks such as distributed denial of service (DDOS) and botnet- attacks are also described and illustrated using real examples from the past couple of decades. https://www.coursera.org/learn/intro-cyber-attacks
- Enterprise and Infrastructure Security New York University (NYU) via Coursera – This course introduces a series of advanced and current topics in cyber security, many of which are especially relevant in modern enterprise and infrastructure settings. The basics of enterprise compliance frameworks are provided with introduction to NIST and PCI. Hybrid cloud architectures are shown to provide an opportunity to fix many of the security weaknesses in modern perimeter local area networks. https://www.coursera.org/learn/enterprise-infrastructure-security
- Network Security Georgia Institute of Technology via Udacity – This course provides an introduction to computer and network security. Students successfully completing this class will be able to evaluate works in academic and commercial security, and will have rudimentary skills in security research. The course begins with a tutorial of the basic elements of cryptography, cryptanalysis, and systems security, and continues by covering a number of seminal papers and monographs in a wide range of security areas. – https://www.udacity.com/course/network-security–ud199
- Real-Time Cyber Threat Detection and Mitigation – New York University (NYU) via Coursera This course introduces real-time cyber security techniques and methods in the context of the TCP/IP protocol suites. Explanation of some basic TCP/IP security hacks is used to introduce the need for network security solutions such as stateless and stateful firewalls. Learners will be introduced to the techniques used to design and configure firewall solutions such as packet filters and proxies to protect enterprise assets. https://www.coursera.org/learn/real-time-cyber-threat-detection
CYBERSECURITY Cheat sheets
- Privilege-Escalation: This cheasheet is aimed at the CTF Players and Beginners to help them understand the fundamentals of Privilege Escalation with examples. https://github.com/Ignitetechnologies/Privilege-Escalation
- Malware analysis tools and resources. https://github.com/rshipp/awesome-malware-analysis
- Analyzing Malicious Documents Cheat Sheet https://zeltser.com/analyzing-malicious-documents/
- ReverseEngineering Cheat Sheet https://www.cybrary.it/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/cheat-sheet-reverse-v6.png
- SQL Injection | Various DBs http://pentestmonkey.net/category/cheat-sheet/sql-injection
- Nmap Cheat Sheet and Pro Tips https://hackertarget.com/nmap-cheatsheet-a-quick-reference-guide/
- PENTESTING LocalFileInclude Cheat Sheet https://highon.coffee/blog/lfi-cheat-sheet/
- Penetration Testing Tools Cheat Sheet https://highon.coffee/blog/penetration-testing-tools-cheat-sheet/
- Reverse Shell Cheat Sheet https://highon.coffee/blog/reverse-shell-cheat-sheet/
- nbtscan Cheat Sheet https://highon.coffee/blog/nbtscan-cheat-sheet/
- Linux Commands Cheat Sheet https://highon.coffee/blog/linux-commands-cheat-sheet/
- Kali Linux Cheat Sheet https://i.redd.it/9bu827i9tr751.jpg
- Hacking Tools Cheat Sheet (Diff tools) https://i.redd.it/fviaw8s43q851.jpg
- Google Search Operators: The Complete List (42 Advanced Operators) https://ahrefs.com/blog/google-advanced-search-operators/
- (Multiple) (Good) Cheat Sheets – Imgur https://imgur.com/gallery/U5jqgik
- Active-Directory-Exploitation-Cheat-Sheet: A cheat sheet that contains common enumeration and attack methods for Windows Active Directory. https://github.com/S1ckB0y1337/Active-Directory-Exploitation-Cheat-Sheet
- Shodan Query Filters https://github.com/JavierOlmedo/shodan-filters
- Getting Real with XSS – A reference on the new technquies to XSS https://labs.f-secure.com/blog/getting-real-with-xss/
SANS Massive List of Cheat Sheets Curated from here: https://www.sans.org/blog/the-ultimate-list-of-sans-cheat-sheets/
General IT Security * Windows and Linux Terminals & Command Lines https://assets.contentstack.io/v3/assets/blt36c2e63521272fdc/bltea7de5267932e94b/5eb08aafcf88d36e47cf0644/Cheatsheet_SEC301-401_R7.pdf
- TCP/IP and tcpdump https://www.sans.org/security-resources/tcpip.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- IPv6 Pocket Guide https://www.sans.org/security-resources/ipv6_tcpip_pocketguide.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Powershell Cheat Sheet https://assets.contentstack.io/v3/assets/blt36c2e63521272fdc/bltf146e4f361db3938/5e34a7bc946d717e2eab6139/power-shell-cheat-sheet-v41.pdf
- Writing Tips for IT Professionals https://zeltser.com/writing-tips-for-it-professionals/
- Tips for Creating and Managing New IT Products https://zeltser.com/new-product-management-tips/
- Tips for Getting the Right IT Job https://zeltser.com/getting-the-right-it-job-tips/
- Tips for Creating a Strong Cybersecurity Assessment Report https://zeltser.com/security-assessment-report-cheat-sheet/
- Critical Log Review Checklist for Security Incidents https://zeltser.com/security-incident-log-review-checklist/
- Security Architecture Cheat Sheet for Internet Applications https://zeltser.com/security-architecture-cheat-sheet/
- Tips for Troubleshooting Human Communications https://zeltser.com/human-communications-cheat-sheet/
- Security Incident Survey Cheat Sheet for Server Administrators https://zeltser.com/security-incident-survey-cheat-sheet/
- Network DDoS Incident Response Cheat Sheet https://zeltser.com/ddos-incident-cheat-sheet/
- Information Security Assessment RFP Cheat Sheet https://zeltser.com/cheat-sheets/
Digital Forensics and Incident Response
- SIFT Workstation Cheat Sheet https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/sift_cheat_sheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Plaso Filtering Cheat Sheet https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/Plaso-Cheat-Sheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Tips for Reverse-Engineering Malicious Code https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/reverse-engineering-malicious-code-tips.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- REMnux Usage Tips for Malware Analysis on Linux https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/remnux-malware-analysis-tips.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Analyzing Malicious Documents https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/analyzing-malicious-document-files.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Malware Analysis and Reverse-Engineering Cheat Sheet https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/malware-analysis-cheat-sheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- SQlite Pocket Reference Guide https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/SQlite-PocketReference-final.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Eric Zimmerman’s tools Cheat Sheet https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/EricZimmermanCommandLineToolsCheatSheet-v1.0.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Rekall Memory Forensics Cheat Sheet https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/rekall-memory-forensics-cheatsheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Linux Shell Survival Guide https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/linux-shell-survival-guide.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Windows to Unix Cheat Sheet https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/windows_to_unix_cheatsheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Memory Forensics Cheat Sheet https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/volatility-memory-forensics-cheat-sheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Hex and Regex Forensics Cheat Sheet https://digital-forensics.sans.org/media/hex_file_and_regex_cheat_sheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- FOR518 Mac & iOS HFS+ Filesystem Reference Sheet https://assets.contentstack.io/v3/assets/blt36c2e63521272fdc/blt61c336e02577e733/5eb0940e248a28605479ccf0/FOR518_APFS_CheatSheet_012020.pdf
- The majority of DFIR Cheat Sheets can be found here –> https://digital-forensics.sans.org/community/cheat-sheets?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog.
Penetration Testing * Swiss Army Knife collection of PenTesting Cheatsheets https://github.com/swisskyrepo/PayloadsAllTheThings
- SQLite Injection Cheat Sheet https://github.com/unicornsasfuel/sqlite_sqli_cheat_sheet
- SSL/TLS Vulnerability Cheat Sheet https://github.com/IBM/tls-vuln-cheatsheet
- Windows Intrusion Discovery Cheat Sheet v3.0 https://pen-testing.sans.org/retrieve/windows-cheat-sheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Intrusion Discovery Cheat Sheet v2.0 (Linux) https://pen-testing.sans.org/retrieve/linux-cheat-sheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Intrusion Discovery Cheat Sheet v2.0 (Windows 2000) https://assets.contentstack.io/v3/assets/blt36c2e63521272fdc/bltd6fa777a3215f34a/5eb08aae08d37e6d82ef77fe/win2ksacheatsheet.pdf
- Windows Command Line https://pen-testing.sans.org/retrieve/windows-command-line-sheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Netcat Cheat Sheet https://pen-testing.sans.org/retrieve/netcat-cheat-sheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Misc Tools Cheat Sheet https://pen-testing.sans.org/retrieve/misc-tools-sheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Python 3 Essentials https://www.sans.org/blog/sans-cheat-sheet-python-3/?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Windows Command Line Cheat Sheet https://assets.contentstack.io/v3/assets/blt36c2e63521272fdc/blt4e45e00c2973546d/5eb08aae4461f75d77a48fd4/WindowsCommandLineSheetV1.pdf
- SMB Access from Linux Cheat Sheet https://assets.contentstack.io/v3/assets/blt36c2e63521272fdc/blta6a2ae64ec0ed535/5eb08aaeead3926127b4df44/SMB-Access-from-Linux.pdf
- Pivot Cheat Sheet https://assets.contentstack.io/v3/assets/blt36c2e63521272fdc/blt0f228a4b9a1165e4/5ef3d602395b554cb3523e7b/pivot-cheat-sheet-v1.0.pdf
- Google Hacking and Defense Cheat Sheet https://www.sans.org/security-resources/GoogleCheatSheet.pdf?msc=Cheat+Sheet+Blog
- Scapy Cheat Sheet https://wiki.sans.blue/Tools/pdfs/ScapyCheatSheet_v0.2.pdf
- Nmap Cheat Sheet https://assets.contentstack.io/v3/assets/blt36c2e63521272fdc/blte37ba962036d487b/5eb08aae26a7212f2db1c1da/NmapCheatSheetv1.1.pdf
Cloud Security Cheat sheets
- Multicloud Cheat Sheet https://www.sans.org/security-resources/posters/cloud/multicloud-cheat-sheet-215?msc=blog-ultimate-list-cheat-sheets
- A browser or server attempts to connect to a website (i.e. a web server) secured with SSL. The browser/server requests that the web server identify itself.
- The web server sends the browser/server a copy of its SSL certificate.
- The browser/server checks to see whether or not it trusts the SSL certificate. If so, it sends a message to the web server.
- The web server sends back a digitally signed acknowledgement to start an SSL encrypted session.
- Encrypted data is shared between the browser/server and the web server.
There are many benefits to using SSL certificates. Namely, SSL customers can:
- Utilize HTTPs, which elicits a stronger Google ranking
- Create safer experiences for your customers
- Build customer trust and improve conversions
- Protect both customer and internal data
- Encrypt browser-to-server and server-to-server communication
- Increase security of your mobile and cloud apps
Penetration Testing Terms
- Authentication — The process of checking if a user is allowed to gain access to a system. eg. Login forms with username and password.
- Authorization — Checking if the authenticated user has access to perform an action. eg. user, admin, super admin roles.
- Audit — Conduct a complete inspection of an organization’s network to find vulnerable endpoints or malicious software.
- Access Control List — A list that contains users and their level of access to a system.
- Aircrack-ng — Wifi penetration testing software suite. Contains sniffing, password cracking, and general wireless attacking tools.
- Backdoor — A piece of code that lets hackers get into the system easily after it has been compromised.
- Burp Suite — Web application security software, helps test web apps for vulnerabilities. Used in bug bounty hunting.
- Banner Grabbing — Capturing basic information about a server like the type of web server software (eg. apache) and services running on it.
- Botnet — A network of computers controlled by a hacker to perform attacks such as Distributed Denial of Service.
- Brute-Force Attack — An attack where the hacker tries different login combinations to gain access. eg. trying to crack a 9 -digit numeric password by trying all the numbers from 000000000 to 999999999
- Buffer Overflow — When a program tries to store more information than it is allowed to, it overflows into other buffers (memory partitions) corrupting existing data.
- Cache — Storing the response to a particular operation in temporary high-speed storage is to serve other incoming requests better. eg. you can store a database request in a cache till it is updated to reduce calling the database again for the same query.
- Cipher — Cryptographic algorithm for encrypting and decrypting data.
- Code Injection — Injecting malicious code into a system by exploiting a bug or vulnerability.
- Cross-Site Scripting — Executing a script on the client-side through a legitimate website. This can be prevented if the website sanitizes user input.
- Compliance — A set of rules defined by the government or other authorities on how to protect your customer’s data. Common ones include HIPAA, PCI-DSS, and FISMA.
- Dictionary Attack — Attacking a system with a pre-defined list of usernames and passwords. eg. admin/admin is a common username/password combination used by amateur sysadmins.
- Dumpster Diving — Looking into a company’s trash cans for useful information.
- Denial of Service & Distributed Denial of Service — Exhausting a server’s resources by sending too many requests is Denial of Service. If a botnet is used to do the same, its called Distributed Denial of Service.
- DevSecOps — Combination of development and operations by considering security as a key ingredient from the initial system design.
- Directory Traversal — Vulnerability that lets attackers list al the files and folders within a server. This can include system configuration and password files.
- Domain Name System (DNS) — Helps convert domain names into server IP addresses. eg. Google.com -> 188.8.131.52
- DNS Spoofing — Trikcnig a system’s DNS to point to a malicious server. eg. when you enter ‘facebook.com’, you might be redirected to the attacker’s website that looks like Facebook.
- Encryption — Encoding a message with a key so that only the parties with the key can read the message.
- Exploit — A piece of code that takes advantage of a vulnerability in the target system. eg. Buffer overflow exploits can get you to root access to a system.
- Enumeration — Mapping out all the components of a network by gaining access to a single system.
- Footprinting — Gathering information about a target using active methods such as scanning and enumeration.
- Flooding — Sending too many packets of data to a target system to exhaust its resources and cause a Denial of Service or similar attacks.
- Firewall — A software or hardware filter that can be configured to prevent common types of attacks.
- Fork Bomb — Forking a process indefinitely to exhaust system resources. Related to a Denial of Service attack.
- Fuzzing — Sending automated random input to a software program to test its exception handling capacity.
- Hardening — Securing a system from attacks like closing unused ports. Usually done using scripts for servers.
- Hash Function — Mapping a piece of data into a fixed value string. Hashes are used to confirm data integrity.
- Honey Pot — An intentionally vulnerable system used to lure attackers. This is then used to understand the attacker’s strategies.
- HIPAA — The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. If you are working with healthcare data, you need to make sure you are HIPAA compliant. This is to protect the customer’s privacy.
- Input Validation — Checking user inputs before sending them to the database. eg. sanitizing form input to prevent SQL injection attacks.
- Integrity — Making sure the data that was sent from the server is the same that was received by the client. This ensures there was no tampering and integrity is achieved usually by hashing and encryption.
- Intrusion Detection System — A software similar to a firewall but with advanced features. Helps in defending against Nmap scans, DDoS attacks, etc.
- IP Spoofing — Changing the source IP address of a packet to fool the target into thinking a request is coming from a legitimate server.
- John The Ripper — Brilliant password cracking tool, runs on all major platforms.
- Kerberos — Default authorization software used by Microsoft, uses a stronger encryption system.
- KeyLogger — A software program that captures all keystrokes that a user performs on the system.
- Logic Bombs — A piece of code (usually malicious) that runs when a condition is satisfied.
- Light Weight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) — Lightweight client-server protocol on Windows, central place for authentication. Stores usernames and passwords to validate users on a network.
- Malware — Short for “Malicious Software”. Everything from viruses to backdoors is malware.
- MAC Address — Unique address assigned to a Network Interface Card and is used as an identifier for local area networks. Easy to spoof.
- Multi-factor Authentication — Using more than one method of authentication to access a service. eg. username/password with mobile OTP to access a bank account (two-factor authentication)
- MD5 — Widely used hashing algorithm. Once a favorite, it has many vulnerabilities.
- Metasploit — All in one penetration testing framework that helps to successfully exploit vulnerabilities and gain access to target systems.
- Meterpreter — An advanced Metasploit payload that lives in memory and hard to trace.
- Null-Byte Injection — An older exploit, uses null bytes (i.e. %00, or 0x00 in hexadecimal) to URLs. This makes web servers return random/unwanted data which might be useful for the attacker. Easily prevented by doing sanity checks.
- Network Interface Card(NIC) — Hardware that helps a device connect to a network.
- Network Address Translation — Utility that translates your local IP address into a global IP address. eg. your local IP might be 192.168.1.4 but to access the internet, you need a global IP address (from your router).
- Nmap — Popular network scanning tool that gives information about systems, open ports, services, and operating system versions.
- Netcat — Simple but powerful tool that can view and record data on a TCP or UDP network connections. Since it is not actively maintained, NCat is preferred.
- Nikto — A popular web application scanner, helps to find over 6700 vulnerabilities including server configurations and installed web server software.
- Nessus — Commercial alternative to NMap, provides a detailed list of vulnerabilities based on scan results.
- Packet — Data is sent and received by systems via packets. Contains information like source IP, destination IP, protocol, and other information.
- Password Cracking — Cracking an encrypted password using tools like John the Ripper when you don’t have access to the key.
- Password Sniffing — Performing man-in-the-middle attacks using tools like Wireshark to find password hashes.
- Patch — A software update released by a vendor to fix a bug or vulnerability in a software system.
- Phishing — Building fake web sites that look remarkably similar to legitimate websites (like Facebook) to capture sensitive information.
- Ping Sweep — A technique that tries to ping a system to see if it is alive on the network.
- Public Key Cryptography — Encryption mechanism that users a pair of keys, one private and one public. The sender will encrypt a message using your public key which then you can decrypt using your private key.
- Public Key Infrastructure — A public key infrastructure (PKI) is a system to create, store, and distribute digital certificates. This helps sysadmins verify that a particular public key belongs to a certain authorized entity.
- Personally Identifiable Information (PII) — Any information that identified a user. eg. Address, Phone number, etc.
- Payload — A piece of code (usually malicious) that performs a specific function. eg. Keylogger.
- PCI-DSS — Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. If you are working with customer credit cards, you should be PCI-DSS compliant.
- Ransomware — Malware that locks your system using encryption and asks you to pay a price to get the key to unlock it.
- Rainbow Table — Pre calculated password hashes that will help you crack password hashes of the target easily.
- Reconnaissance — Finding data about the target using methods such as google search, social media, and other publicly available information.
- Reverse Engineering — Rebuilding a piece of software based on its functions.
- Role-Based Access — Providing a set of authorizations for a role other than a user. eg. “Managers” role will have a set of permissions while the “developers” role will have a different set of permissions.
- Rootkit — A rootkit is a malware that provides unauthorized users admin privileges. Rootkits include keyloggers, password sniffers, etc.
- Scanning — Sending packets to a system and gaining information about the target system using the packets received. This involved the 3-way-handshake.
- Secure Shell (SSH) — Protocol that establishes an encrypted communication channel between a client and a server. You can use ssh to login to remote servers and perform system administration.
- Session — A session is a duration in which a communication channel is open between a client and a server. eg. the time between logging into a website and logging out is a session.
- Session Hijacking — Taking over someone else’s session by pretending to the client. This is achieved by stealing cookies and session tokens. eg. after you authenticate with your bank, an attacker can steal your session to perform financial transactions on your behalf.
- Social Engineering — The art of tricking people into making them do something that is not in their best interest. eg. convincing someone to provide their password over the phone.
- Secure Hashing Algorithm (SHA) — Widely used family of encryption algorithms. SHA256 is considered highly secure compared to earlier versions like SHA 1. It is also a one-way algorithm, unlike an encryption algorithm that you can decrypt. Once you hash a message, you can only compare with another hash, you cannot re-hash it to its earlier format.
- Sniffing — performing man-in-the-middle attacks on networks. Includes wired and wireless networks.
- Spam — Unwanted digital communication, including email, social media messages, etc. Usually tries to get you into a malicious website.
- Syslog — System logging protocol, used by system administrators to capture all activity on a server. Usually stored on a separate server to retain logs in the event of an attack.
- Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) — Establishes an encrypted tunnel between the client and server. eg. when you submit passwords on Facebook, only the encrypted text will be visible for sniffers and not your original password.
- Snort — Lightweight open-source Intrusion Detection System for Windows and Linux.
- SQL Injection — A type of attack that can be performed on web applications using SQL databases. Happens when the site does not validate user input.
- Trojan — A malware hidden within useful software. eg. a pirated version of MS office can contain trojans that will execute when you install and run the software.
- Traceroute — Tool that maps the route a packet takes between the source and destination.
- Tunnel — Creating a private encrypted channel between two or more computers. Only allowed devices on the network can communicate through this tunnel.
- Virtual Private Network — A subnetwork created within a network, mainly to encrypt traffic. eg. connecting to a VPN to access a blocked third-party site.
- Virus — A piece of code that is created to perform a specific action on the target systems. A virus has to be triggered to execute eg. autoplaying a USB drive.
- Vulnerability — A point of attack that is caused by a bug / poor system design. eg. lack of input validation causes attackers to perform SQL injection attacks on a website.
- War Driving — Travelling through a neighborhood looking for unprotected wifi networks to attack.
- WHOIS — Helps to find information about IP addresses, its owners, DNS records, etc.
- Wireshark — Open source program to analyze network traffic and filter requests and responses for network debugging.
- Worm — A malware program capable of replicating itself and spreading to other connected systems. eg. a worm to built a botnet. Unlike Viruses, Worms don’t need a trigger.
- Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) — Protocol that helps mobile devices connect to the internet.
- Web Application Firewall (WAF) — Firewalls for web applications that help with cross-site scripting, Denial of Service, etc.
- Zero-Day — A newly discovered vulnerability in a system for which there is no patch yet. Zero-day vulnerabilities are the most dangerous type of vulnerabilities since there is no possible way to protect against one.
- Zombie — A compromised computer, controlled by an attacker. A group of zombies is called a Botnet.
CyberSecurity Post COVID-19
- Increased distributed working: With organizations embracing work from home, incremental risks have been observed due to a surge in Bring Your Own Device (BYOD), Virtual Private Network (VPN), Software As A Service (SaaS), O365 and Shadow IT, as it could be exploited by various Man-in-the-Middle (MITM) attack vectors.
- Reimagine Business Models: Envisioning new business opportunities, modes of working, and renewed investment priorities. With reduced workforce capability, compounded with skill shortages, staff who are focusing on business as usual tasks can be victimized, via social engineering.
- Digital Transformation and new digital infrastructure: With the change in nature for organizations across the industrial and supply chain sector – security is deprioritized. Hardening of the industrial systems and cloud based infrastructure is crucial as cyber threats exploit these challenges via vulnerability available for unpatched systems.
- With an extreme volume of digital communication, security awareness is lowered with increased susceptibility. Malicious actors are using phishing techniques to exploit such situations.
Re-evaluate your approach to cyber
- Which cyber scenarios your organization appears to be preparing for or is prepared?
- Is there a security scenario that your organization is currently ignoring – but shouldn’t be?
- What would your organization need to do differently in order to win, in each of the identified cyber scenarios?
- What capabilities, cyber security partnerships, and workforce strategies do you need to strengthen?
The organizations should reflect the following scenarios at a minimum and consider:
- Which cyber scenarios your organization appears to be preparing for or is prepared?
- Is there a security scenario that your organization is currently ignoring – but shouldn’t be?
- What would your organization need to do differently in order to win, in each of the identified cyber scenarios?
- What capabilities, cyber security partnerships, and workforce strategies do you need to strengthen?
- To tackle the outcome from the above scenarios, the following measures are the key:
Inoculation through education: Educate and / or remind your employees about –
- Your organization’s defense – remote work cyber security policies and best practices
- Potential threats to your organization and how will it attack – with a specific focus on social engineering scams and identifying COVID-19 phishing campaigns
- Assisting remote employees with enabling MFA across the organization assets
Adjust your defenses: Gather cyber threat intelligence and execute a patching sprint:
- Set intelligence collection priorities
- Share threat intelligence with other organizations
- Use intelligence to move at the speed of the threat
- Focus on known tactics, such as phishing and C-suite fraud.
Prioritize unpatched critical systems and common vulnerabilities.
Enterprise recovery: If the worst happens and an attack is successful, follow a staged approach to recovering critical business operations which may include tactical items such as:
- Protect key systems through isolation
- Fully understand and contain the incident
- Eradicate any malware
- Implement appropriate protection measures to improve overall system posture
- Identify and prioritize the recovery of key business processes to deliver operations
- Implement a prioritized recovery plan
Cyber Preparedness and Response: It is critical to optimize the detection capability thus, re-evaluation of the detection strategy aligned with the changing landscape is crucial. Some key trends include:
- Secure and monitor your cloud environments and remote working applications
- Increase monitoring to identify threats from shadow IT
- Analyze behavior patterns to improve detection content
Finding the right cyber security partner: To be ready to respond identify the right partner with experience and skillset in Social Engineering, Cyber Response, Cloud Security, and Data Security.
Critical actions to address
At this point, as the organizations are setting the direction towards the social enterprise, it is an unprecedented opportunity to lead with cyber discussions and initiatives. Organizations should immediately gain an understanding of newly introduced risks and relevant controls by:
- Getting a seat at the table
- Understanding the risk prioritization:
- Remote workforce/technology performance
- Operational and financial implications
- Emerging insider and external threats
- Business continuity capabilities
Assessing cyber governance and security awareness in the new operating environment
Assessing the highest areas of risk and recommend practical mitigation strategies that minimize impact to constrained resources.
Keeping leadership and the Board apprised of ever-changing risk profile
Given the complexity of the pandemic and associated cyber challenges, there is reason to believe that the recovery phase post-COVID-19 will require unprecedented levels of cyber orchestration, communication, and changing of existing configurations across the organization.
CyberSecurity: Protect Yourself on Internet
- Use two factor authentication when possible. If not possible, use strong unique passwords that are difficult to guess or crack. This means avoiding passwords that use of common words, your birthdate, your SSN, names and birthdays of close associates, etc.
- Make sure the devices you are using are up-to-date and have some form of reputable anti-virus/malware software installed.
- Never open emails, attachments, programs unless they are from a trusted source (i.e., a source that can be verified). Also disregard email or web requests that ask you to share your personal or account information unless you are sure the request and requestor are legitimate.
- Try to only use websites that are encrypted. To do this, look for either the trusted security lock symbol before the website address and/or the extra “s” at the end of http in the URL address bar.
- Avoid using an administrator level account when using the internet.
- Only enable cookies when absolutely required by a website.
- Make social media accounts private or don’t use social media at all.
- Consider using VPNs and encrypting any folders/data that contains sensitive data.
- Stay away from using unprotected public Wi-Fi networks.
Social media is genetically engineered in Area 51 to harvest as much data from you as possible. Far beyond just having your name and age and photograph.
Never use the same username twice anywhere, or the same password twice anywhere.
Use Tor/Tor Browser whenever possible. It’s not perfect, but it is a decent default attempt at anonymity.
Use a VPN. Using VPN and Tor can be even better.
Search engines like DuckDuckGo offer better privacy (assuming they’re honest, which you can never be certain of) than Google which, like social media, works extremely hard to harvest every bit of data from you that they can.
Never give your real details anywhere. Certainly not things like your name or pictures of yourself, but even less obvious things like your age or country of origin. Even things like how you spell words and grammatical quirks can reveal where you’re from.
Erase your comments from websites after a few days/weeks. It might not erase them from the website’s servers, but it will at least remove them from public view. If you don’t, you can forget they exist and you never know how or when they can and will be used against you.
With Reddit, you can create an account fairly easily over Tor using no real information. Also, regularly nuke your accounts in case Reddit or some crazy stalker is monitoring your posts to build a profile of who you might be. Source: Reddit
- Adrian Lamo – gained media attention for breaking into several high-profile computer networks, including those of The New York Times, Yahoo!, and Microsoft, culminating in his 2003 arrest. Lamo was best known for reporting U.S. soldier Chelsea Manning to Army criminal investigators in 2010 for leaking hundreds of thousands of sensitive U.S. government documents to WikiLeaks.
- Albert Gonzales – an American computer hacker and computer criminal who is accused of masterminding the combined credit card theft and subsequent reselling of more than 170 million card and ATM numbers from 2005 to 2007: the biggest such fraud in history.
- Andrew Auernheimer (known as Weev) – Went to jail for using math against AT&T website.
- Barnaby Jack – was a New Zealand hacker, programmer and computer security expert. He was known for his presentation at the Black Hat computer security conference in 2010, during which he exploited two ATMs and made them dispense fake paper currency on the stage. Among his other most notable works were the exploitation of various medical devices, including pacemakers and insulin pumps.
- Benjamin Delpy – Mimikatz
- DVD-Jon – He wrote the DeCSS software, which decodes the Content Scramble System used for DVD licensing enforcement.
- Eric Corley (known as Emmanuel Goldstein) – 2600
- Gary McKinnon – a Scottish systems administrator and hacker who was accused in 2002 of perpetrating the “biggest military computer hack of all time,” although McKinnon himself states that he was merely looking for evidence of free energy suppression and a cover-up of UFO activity and other technologies potentially useful to the public. 👽🛸
- George Hotz aka geohot – “The former Facebook engineer took on the giants of the tech world by developing the first iPhone carrier-unlock techniques,” says Mark Greenwood, head of data science at Netacea, “followed a few years later by reverse engineering Sony’s PlayStation 3, clearing the way for users to run their own code on locked-down hardware. George sparked an interest in a younger generation frustrated with hardware and software restrictions being imposed on them and led to a new scene of opening up devices, ultimately leading to better security and more openness.”
- Guccifer 2.0 – a persona which claimed to be the hacker(s) that hacked into the Democratic National Committee (DNC) computer network and then leaked its documents to the media, the website WikiLeaks, and a conference event.
- Hector Monsegur (known as Sabu) – an American computer hacker and co-founder of the hacking group LulzSec. He Monsegur became an informant for the FBI, working with the agency for over ten months to aid them in identifying the other hackers from LulzSec and related groups.
- Jacob Appelbaum – an American independent journalist, computer security researcher, artist, and hacker. He has been employed by the University of Washington, and was a core member of the Tor project, a free software network designed to provide online anonymity.
- James Forshaw – one of the world’s foremost bug bounty huners
- Jeanson James Ancheta – On May 9, 2006, Jeanson James Ancheta (born 1985) became the first person to be charged for controlling large numbers of hijacked computers or botnets.
- Jeremy Hammond – He was convicted of computer fraud in 2013 for hacking the private intelligence firm Stratfor and releasing data to the whistle-blowing website WikiLeaks, and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
- John Draper – also known as Captain Crunch, Crunch or Crunchman (after the Cap’n Crunch breakfast cereal mascot), is an American computer programmer and former legendary phone phreak.
- Kevin Mitnick – Free Kevin
- Kimberley Vanvaeck (known as Gigabyte) – a virus writer from Belgium known for a long-standing dispute which involved the internet security firm Sophos and one of its employees, Graham Cluley. Vanvaeck wrote several viruses, including Quis, Coconut and YahaSux (also called Sahay). She also created a Sharp virus (also called “Sharpei”), credited as being the first virus to be written in C#.
- Lauri Love – a British activist charged with stealing data from United States Government computers including the United States Army, Missile Defense Agency, and NASA via computer intrusion.
- Michael Calce (known as MafiaBoy) – a security expert from Île Bizard, Quebec who launched a series of highly publicized denial-of-service attacks in February 2000 against large commercial websites, including Yahoo!, Fifa.com, Amazon.com, Dell, Inc., E*TRADE, eBay, and CNN.
- Mudge – Peiter C. Zatko, better known as Mudge, is a network security expert, open source programmer, writer, and a hacker. He was the most prominent member of the high-profile hacker think tank the L0pht as well as the long-lived computer and culture hacking cooperative the Cult of the Dead Cow.
- Phineas Fisher – vigilante hacker god
- PRAGMA – Also known as Impragma or PHOENiX, PRAGMA is the author of Snipr, one of the most prolific credential stuffing tools available online.
- The 414s – The 414s were a group of computer hackers who broke into dozens of high-profile computer systems, including ones at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and Security Pacific Bank, in 1982 and 1983.
- The Shadow Brokers – is a hacker group who first appeared in the summer of 2016. They published several leaks containing hacking tools from the National Security Agency (NSA), including several zero-day exploits. Specifically, these exploits and vulnerabilities targeted enterprise firewalls, antivirus software, and Microsoft products. The Shadow Brokers originally attributed the leaks to the Equation Group threat actor, who have been tied to the NSA’s Tailored Access Operations unit.
Notable Viruses & Worms
- Anna Kournikova
- Code Red
- ILOVEYOU virus
- Melissa virus
- Morris Worm
- Storm Worm
- WannaCry virus
- The Strange History of Ransomware
The first ransomware virus predates e-mail, even the Internet as we know it, and was distributed on floppy disk by the postal service. It sounds quaint, but in some ways this horse-and-buggy version was even more insidious than its modern descendants. Contemporary ransomware tends to bait victims using legitimate-looking email attachments — a fake invoice from UPS, or a receipt from Delta airlines. But the 20,000 disks dispatched to 90 countries in December of 1989 were masquerading as something far more evil: AIDS education software.
How to protect sensitive data for its entire lifecycle in AWS
You can protect data in-transit over individual communications channels using transport layer security (TLS), and at-rest in individual storage silos using volume encryption, object encryption or database table encryption. However, if you have sensitive workloads, you might need additional protection that can follow the data as it moves through the application stack. Fine-grained data protection techniques such as field-level encryption allow for the protection of sensitive data fields in larger application payloads while leaving non-sensitive fields in plaintext. This approach lets an application perform business functions on non-sensitive fields without the overhead of encryption, and allows fine-grained control over what fields can be accessed by what parts of the application. Read m ore here…
Cybersecurity Breaking News – Top Stories
- Smishing from CapitalOneby /u/networkdudebro (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 11:31 pm
Just received a text that i guarentee would catch anybody not in cybersecurity off-guard. They did a good job with this one. Always copy/paste the link into virustotal to check if its phishing/malware https://imgur.com/a/kpKBbLu EDIT: I called them and reported it. They said they Capital One would never send out an SMS, they would call or email. submitted by /u/networkdudebro [link] [comments]
- Wrong title?by /u/itsaggundam (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 11:23 pm
Hey everyone, So I’ve accepted a position as a federal contractor. I was told I would be in a help desk position for a cybersecurity center, but come to find out I am going to be a junior security analyst. Which is amazing, the only problem is my title. How would I go about getting my title changed from my company? The pay is good for my experience so I’m not disagreeing with that. submitted by /u/itsaggundam [link] [comments]
- There is a crowdfunding active to find Arjen Kamphuisby /u/jojoO_0 (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 10:48 pm
https://fundrazr.com/FindArjen?ref=ab_6fCSQwe3jS16fCSQwe3jS1 submitted by /u/jojoO_0 [link] [comments]
- Shift timings in a SOCby /u/mightyowl2019 (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 9:14 pm
So I just wanted to know if this quite common in a SOC where I work evening shift for 5 days and get 2 days of unpaid leave and then I am switched to night shift for another 5 days and get 2 days and this cycle goes on. Is this how SOC analysts function or are there better ways of dealing with shifts ? submitted by /u/mightyowl2019 [link] [comments]
- CoGuard CLI is published as open source to discover configurations in Docker images and scan themby /u/ioah86 (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 8:21 pm
submitted by /u/ioah86 [link] [comments]
- cyber security layoffsby /u/edtb (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 8:15 pm
Those of you who are changing careers or new in the industry are you concerned about the new stories of tech and cyber layoffs? As someone who is brand new and just changed careers it is pretty concerning to me. But I'm also seeing articles about how short the industry is and how everyone is still looking. Which is it? submitted by /u/edtb [link] [comments]
- Is Oracle VirtualBox a Safe Application?by /u/itsicyyy (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 8:04 pm
Hello, I am aware the the Virtual Machine itself is safe. But I want a virtual machine that I can try out different applications and I would be downloading viruses on to them just to see what the viruses does. Is it possible for a virus to get through the virtual machine? Thanks submitted by /u/itsicyyy [link] [comments]
- Cyber Playbooksby /u/cryptobfoo (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 7:55 pm
Does anyone have any sites or anything for good security playbooks for dealing with various incidents? Like things to check etc? Cheers! submitted by /u/cryptobfoo [link] [comments]
- Threat Intelligence Solutionsby /u/ChungOSX (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 4:15 pm
Hey all! My org currently uses SecureWorks for threat intelligence regularly delivered to our inboxes as well as stix for our SIEM. This service is becoming part of a product bundle that is much more expensive. Does anyone else have any recommendations for this service? submitted by /u/ChungOSX [link] [comments]
- Zero Trust Network Access (ZTNA) vs. Zero Trust Application Access (ZTAA): Which Is Better?by /u/Membership-Full (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 3:31 pm
submitted by /u/Membership-Full [link] [comments]
- Are there other knowledge bases of cyber threats like MITRE ATT&CK?by /u/NoFaithlessness6885 (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 3:25 pm
What other countries or organizations have documentation of different adversarial techniques? submitted by /u/NoFaithlessness6885 [link] [comments]
- FedRAMP Certification requirements for software?by /u/sObJeKt404 (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 2:57 pm
Does any Software/tools that will be utilized for a FedRamp environment need to be certified? Specially wondering around tools such as TerraGrunt or even say, VS Code... Or is the focus primarily around the provider environment, its settings and controls? This would be within an Azure GovCloud Enviro with FedRAMP H. I know that outlook for instance must use govclouds secure version, but that's also a communication medium. Which control specifically would define this by chance? TIA! submitted by /u/sObJeKt404 [link] [comments]
- New 'FabricScape' Bug in Microsoft Azure Service Fabric Impacts Linux Workloadsby firstname.lastname@example.org (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 29, 2022 at 2:50 pm
Cybersecurity researchers from Palo Alto Networks Unit 42 disclosed details of a new security flaw affecting Microsoft's Service Fabric that could be exploited to obtain elevated permissions and seize control of all nodes in a cluster. The issue, which has been dubbed FabricScape (CVE-2022-30137), could be exploited on containers that are configured to have runtime access. It has been remediated
- New YTStealer Malware Aims to Hijack Accounts of YouTube Content Creatorsby email@example.com (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 29, 2022 at 2:49 pm
Cybersecurity researchers have documented a new information-stealing malware that targets YouTube content creators by plundering their authentication cookies. Dubbed "YTStealer" by Intezer, the malicious tool is likely believed to be sold as a service on the dark web, with it distributed using fake installers that also drop RedLine Stealer and Vidar. "What sets YTStealer aside from other
- Board Reportsby /u/Live_Radar (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 2:08 pm
Any helpful sources for cybersecurity board report examples? I’m interested in the different approaches cybersecurity leaders have used and which ones are effective. The reports I’m currently using are more like project status updates and I don’t feel like they’re getting the message across. submitted by /u/Live_Radar [link] [comments]
- Running the CIS-CAT assessment tool for hardening and compliance [blog]by /u/tmgrome (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 1:53 pm
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- Cyber security related topic for thesis for beginners suggestionsby /u/zzGates (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 1:39 pm
Hello, Im currently a senior year student of computer engineering and Im looking for suggestions for our thesis/research paper. We barely touched the surface of cyber security in our courses and the least we tackled were the basics of networking in CISCO (1-4). In terms of electronics and prog languages, We are fairly familiar with Python(most used in our class), Arduino UNO, Raspberry Pi and PLCs etc etc. I have two topics im leaning on Im wondering which of the two is more doable and is more open for innovations (improvements) for someone like me. (If there is something you could suggest other than those two feel free to add. Thanks if answered! View Poll submitted by /u/zzGates [link] [comments]
- A CISO tale: The road to mastering Infosec-fuby /u/alanesmizi (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 1:32 pm
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- SOC analysts, how do you allocate time for family when working evening shifts?by /u/svak49 (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 12:18 pm
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- New UnRAR Vulnerability Could Let Attackers Hack Zimbra Webmail Serversby firstname.lastname@example.org (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 29, 2022 at 9:29 am
A new security vulnerability has been disclosed in RARlab's UnRAR utility that, if successfully exploited, could permit a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on a system that relies on the binary. The flaw, assigned the identifier CVE-2022-30333, relates to a path traversal vulnerability in the Unix versions of UnRAR that can be triggered upon extracting a maliciously crafted RAR archive.
- This co-worker does not exist: FBI warns of deepfakes interviewing for tech jobsby /u/fixmenarm (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 9:15 am
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- A wide range of routers are under attack by new, unusually sophisticated malwareby /u/kugkug (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 7:50 am
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- CISA Warns of Active Exploitation of 'PwnKit' Linux Vulnerability in the Wildby email@example.com (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 29, 2022 at 7:40 am
The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) this week moved to add a Linux vulnerability dubbed PwnKit to its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities Catalog, citing evidence of active exploitation. The issue, tracked as CVE-2021-4034 (CVSS score: 7.8), came to light in January 2022 and concerns a case of local privilege escalation in polkit's pkexec utility, which allows an
- ZuoRAT Malware Hijacking Home-Office Routers to Spy on Targeted Networksby firstname.lastname@example.org (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 29, 2022 at 7:40 am
A never-before-seen remote access trojan dubbed ZuoRAT has been singling out small office/home office (SOHO) routers as part of a sophisticated campaign targeting North American and European networks. The malware "grants the actor the ability to pivot into the local network and gain access to additional systems on the LAN by hijacking network communications to maintain an undetected foothold,"
- The burnout is real…by /u/Usual-Candidate-8391 (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 5:41 am
I work for an mssp in vuln management. For the most part, I like my employer. There are growing pains as they transition from a startup to a full fledged business. Analysts and engineers are overworked; although, steps are being taken to remedy that. Up until two weeks ago, I had been averaging between 50-60 hour weeks since January. There are also some internal politics at play that are exhausting. I have one particular client with a global presence that has kept me in the game so to speak. I am very proud of what I/we have accomplished with the buildout of their vm program, and they have taken great care of me. I don’t want to walk away from them by quitting, but I’m burned out from the overall workload. My manager is a great guy. I can have candid conversations with him, and he knows where my head is at. Today, he asked me what he could do to make things better for me, and I couldn’t come up with an answer. It isn’t an issue with comp or benefits. Even offloading more of my workload wouldn’t make me happier right now. I have offers on the table and am actively interviewing for other roles, but I feel paralyzed. I don’t want to leave the aforementioned client (going to work for the client isn’t an option), and I have FOMO because what if the company does improve in the months after I leave? I know I will regret it. For what it’s worth, I’m only 4.5 years into my career, so relatively inexperienced. This is my second cyber role, and I’ve been in it less than a year. Any advice or insight from more seasoned professionals would be much appreciated. submitted by /u/Usual-Candidate-8391 [link] [comments]
- Darkweb alertsby /u/Illustrious_Value765 (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 4:57 am
Hi My company has got Digital Shadow product. It sends out alerts for any exposed material out on Dark Web. We daily get 1-5 alerts. My question is how companies are able to search across all dark Web contents ? Or in other words, how do I search/ buy stuff from Dark Web companies ? Thank you. submitted by /u/Illustrious_Value765 [link] [comments]
- APT Hackers Targeting Industrial Control Systems with ShadowPad Backdoorby email@example.com (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 29, 2022 at 3:13 am
Entities located in Afghanistan, Malaysia, and Pakistan are in the crosshairs of an attack campaign that targets unpatched Microsoft Exchange Servers as an initial access vector to deploy the ShadowPad malware. Russian cybersecurity firm Kaspersky, which first detected the activity in mid-October 2021, attributed it to a previously unknown Chinese-speaking threat actor. Targets include
- New Android Banking Trojan 'Revive' Targeting Users of Spanish Financial Servicesby firstname.lastname@example.org (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 29, 2022 at 3:13 am
A previously unknown Android banking trojan has been discovered in the wild, targeting users of the Spanish financial services company BBVA. Said to be in its early stages of development, the malware — dubbed Revive by Italian cybersecurity firm Cleafy — was first observed on June 15, 2022 and distributed by means of phishing campaigns. "The name Revive has been chosen since one of the
- Machine Learning based OSINT: Participants Wanted!by /u/NomadicBedouin (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 12:27 am
Hey everyone, I’m looking for participants for my dissertation project. For the project, I’m investigating the application of Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning for gathering intelligence on Twitter users. The information gathered may include the users' interests, hobbies, recent events in their lives, and locations of interest, etc. To assess the accuracy and success of the system I need participants who will have OSINT gathered about them and then later provide feedback on the accuracy of the results (a form which should only take 5 minutes to complete). None of the information gathered will be kept after the dissertation is submitted and no personally identifiable information will be included in the submission. Once development of the system has been completed, you’ll receive the report containing the information gathered about you, which you can use to assess your online exposure. You could say its like a free social media audit, although given that this is experimental there’s no guarantee that it’ll contain anything interesting/accurate. In order to be a participant you'll need to have a Twitter account that your are regularly active on (tweeting, retweeting, and/or liking posts). Here’s the participant sign up form if you’re interested: https://forms.office.com/r/5GGbjUDTJQ - it only takes a minute to fill out. submitted by /u/NomadicBedouin [link] [comments]
- Great OSINT Websiteby /u/phish27134 (cybersecurity) on June 29, 2022 at 12:00 am
Great OSINT tools most are free & more! Link: https://osintframework.com/ submitted by /u/phish27134 [link] [comments]
- Massive Trove of Gun Owners’ Private Information Leaked by California Attorney Generalby /u/Hotdogpizzathehut (cybersecurity) on June 28, 2022 at 9:23 pm
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- Overview of Top Mobile Security Threats in 2022by email@example.com (The Hacker News) (The Hacker News) on June 28, 2022 at 11:43 am
Your smartphone is your daily companion. The chances are that most of our activities rely on them, from ordering food to booking medical appointments. However, the threat landscape always reminds us how vulnerable smartphones can be. Consider the recent discovery by Oversecured, a security startup. These experts observed the dynamic code loading and its potential dangers. Why is this a problem?
- Over 900,000 Kubernetes instances found exposed onlineby /u/SadOutlandishness719 (cybersecurity) on June 28, 2022 at 11:05 am
submitted by /u/SadOutlandishness719 [link] [comments]
- OpenSSL to Release Security Patch for Remote Memory Corruption Vulnerabilityby firstname.lastname@example.org (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 28, 2022 at 9:16 am
The latest version of the OpenSSL library has been discovered as susceptible to a remote memory-corruption vulnerability on select systems. The issue has been identified in OpenSSL version 3.0.4, which was released on June 21, 2022, and impacts x64 systems with the AVX-512 instruction set. OpenSSL 1.1.1 as well as OpenSSL forks BoringSSL and LibreSSL are not affected. <!--adsense--> Security
- Cybersecurity Experts Warn of Emerging Threat of "Black Basta" Ransomwareby email@example.com (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 28, 2022 at 4:48 am
The Black Basta ransomware-as-a-service (RaaS) syndicate has amassed nearly 50 victims in the U.S., Canada, the U.K., Australia, and New Zealand within two months of its emergence in the wild, making it a prominent threat in a short window. "Black Basta has been observed targeting a range of industries, including manufacturing, construction, transportation, telcos, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics,
- What Are Shadow IDs, and How Are They Crucial in 2022?by firstname.lastname@example.org (The Hacker News) (The Hacker News) on June 27, 2022 at 10:38 am
Just before last Christmas, in a first-of-a-kind case, JPMorgan was fined $200M for employees using non-sanctioned applications for communicating about financial strategy. No mention of insider trading, naked shorting, or any malevolence. Just employees circumventing regulation using, well, Shadow IT. Not because they tried to obfuscate or hide anything, simply because it was a convenient tool
- Critical Security Flaws Identified in CODESYS ICS Automation Softwareby email@example.com (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 27, 2022 at 10:35 am
CODESYS has released patches to address as many as 11 security flaws that, if successfully exploited, could result in information disclosure and a denial-of-service (DoS) condition, among others. "These vulnerabilities are simple to exploit, and they can be successfully exploited to cause consequences such as sensitive information leakage, PLCs entering a severe fault state, and arbitrary code
- Italy Data Protection Authority Warns Websites Against Use of Google Analyticsby firstname.lastname@example.org (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 27, 2022 at 10:21 am
Following the footsteps of Austria and France, the Italian Data Protection Authority has become the latest regulator to find the use of Google Analytics to be non-compliant with E.U. data protection regulations. The Garante per la Protezione dei Dati Personali, in a press release published last week, called out a local web publisher for using the widely used analytics tool in a manner that
- Researchers Warn of 'Matanbuchus' Malware Campaign Dropping Cobalt Strike Beaconsby email@example.com (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 27, 2022 at 10:00 am
A malware-as-a-service (Maas) dubbed Matanbuchus has been observed spreading through phishing campaigns, ultimately dropping the Cobalt Strike post-exploitation framework on compromised machines. Matanbuchus, like other malware loaders such as BazarLoader, Bumblebee, and Colibri, is engineered to download and execute second-stage executables from command-and-control (C&C) servers on infected
- NSO Confirms Pegasus Spyware Used by at least 5 European Countriesby firstname.lastname@example.org (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 27, 2022 at 6:14 am
The beleaguered Israeli surveillanceware vendor NSO Group this week admitted to the European Union lawmakers that its Pegasus tool was used by at least five countries in the region. "We're trying to do the right thing and that's more than other companies working in the industry," Chaim Gelfand, the company's general counsel and chief compliance officer, said, according to a report from Politico.
- Multiple Backdoored Python Libraries Caught Stealing AWS Secrets and Keysby email@example.com (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 27, 2022 at 5:58 am
Researchers have discovered a number of malicious Python packages in the official third-party software repository that are engineered to exfiltrate AWS credentials and environment variables to a publicly exposed endpoint. The list of packages includes loglib-modules, pyg-modules, pygrata, pygrata-utils, and hkg-sol-utils, according to Sonatype security researcher Ax Sharma. The packages and as
- Google Says ISPs Helped Attackers Infect Targeted Smartphones with Hermit Spywareby firstname.lastname@example.org (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 27, 2022 at 5:57 am
A week after it emerged that a sophisticated mobile spyware dubbed Hermit was used by the government of Kazakhstan within its borders, Google said it has notified Android users of infected devices. Additionally, necessary changes have been implemented in Google Play Protect — Android's built-in malware defense service — to protect all users, Benoit Sevens and Clement Lecigne of Google Threat
- Hackers Exploit Mitel VoIP Zero-Day in Likely Ransomware Attackby email@example.com (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 27, 2022 at 5:55 am
A suspected ransomware intrusion attempt against an unnamed target leveraged a Mitel VoIP appliance as an entry point to achieve remote code execution and gain initial access to the environment. The findings come from cybersecurity firm CrowdStrike, which traced the source of the attack to a Linux-based Mitel VoIP device sitting on the network perimeter, while also identifying a previously
- Mentorship Monday - Post All Career, Education and Job questions here!by /u/AutoModerator (cybersecurity) on June 27, 2022 at 12:00 am
This is the weekly thread for career and education questions and advice. There are no stupid questions; so, what do you want to know about certs/degrees, job requirements, and any other general cybersecurity career questions? Ask away! Interested in what other people are asking, or think your question has been asked before? Have a look through prior weeks of content - though we're working on making this more easily searchable for the future. submitted by /u/AutoModerator [link] [comments]
- Learn NIST Inside Out With 21 Hours of Training @ 86% OFFby firstname.lastname@example.org (The Hacker News) (The Hacker News) on June 25, 2022 at 10:30 am
In cybersecurity, many of the best jobs involve working on government projects. To get a security clearance, you need to prove that you meet NIST standards. Cybersecurity firms are particularly interested in people who understand the RMF, or Risk Management Framework — a U.S. government guideline for taking care of data. The NIST Cybersecurity & Risk Management Frameworks Course helps you
- New 'Quantum' Builder Lets Attackers Easily Create Malicious Windows Shortcutsby email@example.com (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 25, 2022 at 4:05 am
A new malware tool that enables cybercriminal actors to build malicious Windows shortcut (.LNK) files has been spotted for sale on cybercrime forums. Dubbed Quantum Lnk Builder, the software makes it possible to spoof any extension and choose from over 300 icons, not to mention support UAC and Windows SmartScreen bypass as well as "multiple payloads per .LNK" file. Also offered are capabilities
- State-Backed Hackers Using Ransomware as a Decoy for Cyber Espionage Attacksby firstname.lastname@example.org (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 25, 2022 at 4:04 am
A China-based advanced persistent threat (APT) group is possibly deploying short-lived ransomware families as a decoy to cover up the true operational and tactical objectives behind its campaigns. The activity cluster, attributed to a hacking group dubbed Bronze Starlight by Secureworks, involves the deployment of post-intrusion ransomware such as LockFile, Atom Silo, Rook, Night Sky, Pandora,
- Log4Shell Still Being Exploited to Hack VMWare Servers to Exfiltrate Sensitive Databy email@example.com (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 24, 2022 at 7:37 am
The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), along with the Coast Guard Cyber Command (CGCYBER), on Thursday released a joint advisory warning of continued attempts on the part of threat actors to exploit the Log4Shell flaw in VMware Horizon servers to breach target networks. "Since December 2021, multiple threat actor groups have exploited Log4Shell on unpatched,
- Chinese Hackers Distributing SMS Bomber Tool with Malware Hidden Insideby firstname.lastname@example.org (Ravie Lakshmanan) (The Hacker News) on June 24, 2022 at 3:09 am
A threat cluster with ties to a hacking group called Tropic Trooper has been spotted using a previously undocumented malware coded in Nim language to strike targets as part of a newly discovered campaign. The novel loader, dubbed Nimbda, is "bundled with a Chinese language greyware 'SMS Bomber' tool that is most likely illegally distributed in the Chinese-speaking web," Israeli cybersecurity
- Manual vs. SSPM: Research on What Streamlines SaaS Security Detection & Remediationby email@example.com (The Hacker News) (The Hacker News) on June 23, 2022 at 11:07 am
When it comes to keeping SaaS stacks secure, IT and security teams need to be able to streamline the detection and remediation of misconfigurations in order to best protect their SaaS stack from threats. However, while companies adopt more and more apps, their increase in SaaS security tools and staff has lagged behind, as found in the 2022 SaaS Security Survey Report. The survey report,