Electric Cars – Autonomous Cars – Self driving cars : Tesla, CyberTruck, EV, Volt, Wayne, Nissan Leaf, Electric Bikes, e-bikes, i-cars, smart cars

CyberTruck

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This blog explores Clever Questions and Answers about Electric Vehicles, Autonomous Cars, Self driving cars, Tesla, Volt, Wayne, Nissan Leaf, Electric Bikes, e-bikes, i-cars, smart cars, Cyber Trucks, etc…

BNEF outlines that electric vehicles (EVs) will hit 10% of global passenger vehicle sales in 2025, with that number rising to 28% in 2030 and 58% in 2040. According to the study, EVs currently make up 3% of global car sales.

The 5 Levels of Autonomous Vehicles

  • Level 0 – No Automation. This describes your everyday car.
  • Level 1 – Driver Assistance. Here we can find your adaptive cruise control and lane keep assist to help with driving fatigue.
  • Level 2 – Partial Automation.
  • Level 3 – Conditional Automation.
  • Level 4 – High Automation.
  • Level 5 – Full Automation.

ASTON MARTIN RAPIDE E

Secret agent James Bond’s favorite British automaker will take the wraps off it’s its first battery-powered ride by year’s end, and it’s a true exotic sports car. Based on the low-slung Rapide coupe, production will be limited to 155 units worldwide, with a sky-high sticker price. It’s expected to run for around 200 miles on a charge and register a 0-60 mph time of less than four seconds.

BOLLINGER B1

Fledgling EV maker Bollinger Motors is ramping up to launch its first model, the B1 for 2020. It’s a decidedly boxy SUV and it looks a lot like a classic Land Rover. It’s built on an aluminum frame and comes with a dual-motor electric all-wheel-drive system. The B1 promises a 200-mile range with 613 horsepower and a strong 668 pound-feet of torque, and is said to tow as much as 7,500 pounds.

CYBER TRUCK at Tesla Car Store

Cybertruck is built with an exterior shell made for ultimate durability and passenger protection. Starting with a nearly impenetrable exoskeleton, every component is designed for superior strength and endurance, from Ultra-Hard 30X Cold-Rolled stainless-steel structural skin to Tesla armor glass.

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Now entering a new class of strength, speed and versatility—only possible with an all-electric design. The powerful drivetrain and low center of gravity provides extraordinary traction control and torque—enabling acceleration from 0-60 mph in as little as 2.9 seconds and up to 500 miles of range.

Tesla Store – Discounts

Comparison between:

  • 2021 Tesla CyberTruck Single Motor RWD
  • 2021 Tesla CyberTruck Dual Motor AWD
  • 2021 Tesla CyberTruck Tri Motor AWD

SPECS*

Tesla CyberTruck Single Motor RWD

  • 0-60 MPH <6.5 SECONDS
  • RANGE: 250+ MILES (EPA EST.)
  • DRIVETRAIN: REAR-WHEEL DRIVE
  • Price: $USD 39900

Tesla CyberTruck Dual Motor AWD

  • 0-60 MPH <4.5 SECONDS
  • RANGE: 300+ MILES (EPA EST.)
  • DRIVETRAIN: DUAL MOTOR ALL-WHEEL DRIVE
  • Price: $USD 49900

Tesla CyberTruck Tri Motor AWD

  • 0-60 MPH <2.9 SECONDS
  • RANGE: 500+ MILES (EPA EST.)
  • DRIVETRAIN TRI MOTOR ALL-WHEEL DRIVE
  • Price: $USD 59900

Pros and Cons of CyberTruck

PROS:

Cybertruck is a vehicle that has better utility than an F-150, while beating out a Porsche 911 in performance.

Cybertruck is designed with 30X Stainless Steel, which is also used on Starship. Cybertruck uses this material for maximum durability, function, and design.

Cybertruck is a beautiful platform for a wildly futuristic design, which contains insane performance, on-road or off-road, regardless.

Cybertruck contains a beautiful full-width unibrow LED bar for a headlight, evident of form, and function packed into one package. With this headlight, maximum visibility is always present, whether at night, or at day with it’s beautiful Always-On LEDs.

With it’s ability to sprint from 0-60 in under 2.9s and be virtually bulletproof, Cybertruck is the best platform for an advanced, beautiful, technological reliant future.

CONS: Cybertruck hurdles. What are the design and production issues that engineers still have to over come?

  1. Crash tests/crumple zone.
  2. Side Mirrors?
  3. Regulatory approval
  4. Stainless steel in salty environments.
  5. Tire size/ range efficiency? Looks cool but….

I realize the shape is actually very efficient to build, ridged and aerodynamic. Looking for feedback.

As a Tesla owner, do you agree that it’s the best car you’ve ever purchased?

Absolutely! But I’m looking forward to an even better one — Cybertruck. I fell in love with that beast the moment I saw it, and put down a reservation as quickly as possible. I find myself near the head of a long, long waiting list for this revolutionary vehicle. I hope to take delivery of a tri-motor within the first 5000 off the assembly line.

Even before seeing it up close and in person, I know it will be the best vehicle I’ll ever purchase. It goes beyond what I love about my Model 3 AWD. I don’t think of it as a pickup truck. I would never buy a traditional pickup for as little as I would use it as such. Cybertruck is an all-in-one vehicle. It’s a pickup truck, sure, but it’s also an SUV that seats six and has 100 cu ft of secure, weather protected storage. I plan to use it for wilderness camping in hard to get to places by virtue of its exemplary off-roading capabilities.

I will happily take my Cybertruck on cross country road trips. The self-driving capabilities of Tesla vehicles make long distance cruising an enjoyable experience, devoid of the typical driving fatigue that I’ve always endured traveling in other cars I’ve owned, even my Class B motor-home, which I recently sold. I’m looking forward to spending time in the back country of Alaska with the grizzlies and the moose (safely tucked inside CT, of course).

Cybertruck will be the most durable vehicle I’ve ever owned, as well. That 3mm cold rolled stainless steel exoskeleton is dent proof, bullet proof, and rust proof. The windows are almost impossible to break, and the rolling tonneau cover is strong enough to support the weight of a 200+ lb man.

Cybertruck comes without paint of any kind which is great for squeezing through brush on abandoned logging roads. No need to hold back to avoid scratching the finish. I may have the truck painted, though, just to give it a personalized touch.

My Cybertruck won’t be left unused. It will be my daily driver. Sure, it’s large, but it won’t be like driving one of those behemoths from Detroit. It’s fast and responsive. The air suspension can be lowered to make it easier to get in and out of, improve handling, and reduce aerodynamic drag.

Add to that its 3500 lbs load capacity, its 14,000 lb towing capacity, 500+ mile range, and fast charging at the ever-expanding Tesla Supercharger network, and it’s easy to understand how this vehicle will be the best, and probably the last, vehicle I’ll ever own. Unless I deploy it to the Tesla Network as a robotaxi in a couple of years. Now there’s a money making idea!

KIA SOUL EV

Kia is redesigning its funky/boxy compact full-electric hatchback for 2020 with fresh styling and myriad improvements. A new 64 kWh liquid-cooled lithium ion polymer battery pack should deliver well in excess of 200 miles on a charge. Power will be bumped up to 200 horsepower with 291 pound-feet of torque. It will come with four drive modes and four levels of regenerative braking, including a setting for one-pedal driving.

MERCEDES-BENZ EQC

The EQC is the first in what will be a series of luxury EVs coming from Mercedes-Benz. It’s a boldly styled SUV with two electric motors that combine for an output of 402 horsepower with 564 pound-feet of torque. All-wheel-drive will be standard, along with a long list of convenience, connectivity, and safety features. In Europe it’s rated to run for 279 miles on a full charge, though that number may be somewhat lower when evaluated by U.S. standards.

MINI ELECTRIC

BMW’s Mini brand is developing a new full-electric version of the comely Cooper coupe, likely for later in 2020. Details, however, remain sketchy. Only scant visual tidbits like this one remain available. Reports say it will share technology with the BMW i3, and could run for as many as 200 miles on a full charge. Expect it to deliver Mini’s famed go-kart-like handling.

POLESTAR 2

Volvo is launching a new high-tech sub-brand this year called Polestar. While its first model, the Polestar 1, will be a plug-in hybrid, the Polestar 2 is a sleekly cast full-electric luxury four-door hatchback. Intended to compete with the Tesla Model 3, the automaker is targeting a range of 275 miles on a charge, with its two electric motors expected to put around a combined 485 pound-feet of torque to the pavement. All-wheel drive will come standard.

PORSCHE TAYCAN

Porsche’s first full-electric model will be an ultra-exotic battery-powered four-door sports car. It’s said to leap off the line and reach 62 mph (100 km/h) in a sudden 3.5 seconds. The automaker claims around 300 miles of range with a full battery, with the ability to recharge about 60 miles worth of energy in just four minutes.

RIVIAN R1T

Yet another startup EV builder, Rivian plans to introduce a futuristic-looking pickup truck for 2020 to be built in the former Mitsubishi factory in Normal, IL. No mere poseur, the R1T is said to deliver a 400-mile range, with its quad-motor system enabling off-road adventures and a 0-60 mph time of just three seconds on paved roads.

TESLA MODEL Y

Expected sometime during 2020, assuming the automaker incurs no production delays or other corporate calamities, the Tesla Model Y will essentially be a crossover SUV version of the Model 3 sedan. Smaller and less expensive than the Model X, it’s sure to become the company’s best selling model. It will initially come in performance, long-range, and dual motor all-wheel drive variants with specs similar to the Model 3.

TESLA ROADSTER

Tesla’s original Roadster was its first model and it broke new ground in terms of performance and operating range. It’s coming back for 2020 with a freshly curvy profile and uncanny performance. Tesla claims it will fly to 60 mph in a rocket-like 1.9 seconds, reach a felonious top speed of 250 mph, and run for a seemingly impossible 620 miles with a full charge.

EV Q&A

1- Does using cruise control when going downhill in an electric car use more energy?

No – quite the opposite in fact.

When going at a constant speed downhill – the car uses regenerative braking to maintain that speed without going faster and faster.

In effect, the electric motor(s) in the car are turned in to generators – and charge up the battery as they go.

Here is an actual screen shot from my Tesla Model 3 – taken shortly after driving over the Franklin Mountains in El Paso…it’s a graph of the energy consumed per mile driven over the last 30 minutes (kinda like the “mpg” number for a gasoline car):

2- How was your Tesla car buying experience? Which Tesla; Model X, Model S, Model 3, or Model Y?

I bought a Model 3 Standard Range Plus with Full-Self-Driving – a little over a year ago.

I went online – did all of the options selection, all of the financing, taxing and insuring in about 40 minutes – and without ever speaking to an actual human. The deposit money was taken from my credit card.

The car was on a 14day delivery back then – but it took a little longer – more like three3 weeks.

During which time, I had to put up with just a model-Model-3:

The full-sized model 3 was delivered on a large covered car transporter – theoretically to my front door – but in fact the driver phoned me to say he couldn’t get through the twisty streets in my neighborhood in his gigantic truck – so we met him in a nearby street. He offloaded the car – gave me time to inspect it – handed me the “credit card” car keys – and that was that. So I drove it the last 100 yards home.

This is by FAR the most pleasant way to buy a car.

SNAFU’S AND MINOR GLITCHES:

There were some SNAFU’s and complications…mostly because I live in Texas where it’s illegal for a car company to sell direct to a customer…this is true in about 50% of US states.

So what happened was that the car was sold to me in Arizona – where it’s legal. The car was delivered by Tesla to their distribution center in Phoenix Arizona – where I actually purchased it. Then Tesla did the work to re-title the car in Texas at their expense.

The car was not shipped in a Tesla transporter but by some 3rd party (whom Tesla also paid).

This complicated little legal dance would not have been noticeable to me EXCEPT that there was some confusion about my insurance. They couldn’t re-title the car to me without it being insured – and I couldn’t insure it without a VIN – and somewhere along the line someone dropped the ball.

So the car arrived with no temporary licence plates and I had to go back to Tesla and have them do that after the insurance SNAFU got ironed out. I’m still not sure whether it was their fault, my fault, my insurance company’s fault – or the DMV here in El Paso’s fault…I’m betting the latter because we’re pretty sure ours was the first Tesla ever sold here.

3- What are some unforeseen impacts of self-driving cars?

Sabotage.

Although companies like Uber and Tesla are not very successful in that aspect, fully self driving cars will have to be able to avoid collisons by all means. They simply will have to be designed in a way that they do not crash against something.

Okay, so what will a self driving car do, when another driver deliberately cuts its lane? What, if some guys make a fun out of throwing garbage cans at self driving cars? What, if some unemployed taxicab drivers try to make a ride in a self-driving taxicab as unpleasant as possible?

This is unlikely? Tell me why people spend extra money in order to make their trucks pollute the air as much as possible:

 
 

CyberTruck will cost half the competition, and here’s why the math says it works

CyberTruck will cost half the competition, and here’s why the math says it works

Sources:

Tesla

MyEV.com

Quora

O(n) Reverse Arrays to Make Equal with Python

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Reverse to Make EqualCompare two arrays without sorting themPython

Given two arrays A and B of length N, determine if there is a way to make A equal to B by reversing any subarrays from array B any number of times.

Signature bool areTheyEqual(int[] arr_a, int[] arr_b)

Input All integers in array are in the range [0, 1,000,000,000].

Output Return true if B can be made equal to A, return false otherwise.

Example A = [1, 2, 3, 4] B = [1, 4, 3, 2] output = true

After reversing the subarray of B from indices 1 to 3, array B will equal array A.

SOlution:

O(n) Contiguous Subarray in Python

O(n) Contiguous Subarray in Python

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You are given an array arr of N integers. For each index i, you are required to determine the number of contiguous subarrays that fulfills the following conditions:

  • The value at index i must be the maximum element in the contiguous subarrays, and
  • These contiguous subarrays must either start from or end on index i.

Signature int[] countSubarrays(int[] arr)Input

  • Array arr is a non-empty list of unique integers that range between 1 to 1,000,000,000
  • Size N is between 1 and 1,000,000

Output An array where each index i contains an integer denoting the maximum number of contiguous subarrays of arr[i]Example: arr = [3, 4, 1, 6, 2] output = [1, 3, 1, 5, 1]Explanation:

  • For index 0 – [3] is the only contiguous subarray that starts (or ends) with 3, and the maximum value in this subarray is 3.
  • For index 1 – [4], [3, 4], [4, 1]
  • For index 2 – [1]
  • For index 3 – [6], [6, 2], [1, 6], [4, 1, 6], [3, 4, 1, 6]
  • For index 4 – [2]

So, the answer for the above input is [1, 3, 1, 5, 1]

Solution in Python O(n)

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O(n) Rotational Cipher in Python

O(n) Rotational Cipher in Python

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Rotational Cipher: One simple way to encrypt a string is to “rotate” every alphanumeric character by a certain amount. Rotating a character means replacing it with another character that is a certain number of steps away in normal alphabetic or numerical order. For example, if the string “Zebra-493?” is rotated 3 places, the resulting string is “Cheud-726?”. Every alphabetic character is replaced with the character 3 letters higher (wrapping around from Z to A), and every numeric character replaced with the character 3 digits higher (wrapping around from 9 to 0). Note that the non-alphanumeric characters remain unchanged. Given a string and a rotation factor, return an encrypted string.

Signature

string rotationalCipher(string input, int rotationFactor)

Input

1 <= |input| <= 1,000,000 0 <= rotationFactor <= 1,000,000

Output

Return the result of rotating input a number of times equal to rotationFactor.

Example 1

input = Zebra-493?

rotationFactor = 3

output = Cheud-726?

Example 2

input = abcdefghijklmNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789

rotationFactor = 39

output = nopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLM9012345678

O(n) Solution in Python:

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Test 1:

PS C:\dev\scripts> .\test_rotational_cipher_python.py
Length Dic Numbers : 10
Length Dic lowercase : 26
Length Dic uppercase : 26
Input: Zebra-493?
Output: Cheud-726?

Test2:

PS C:\dev\scripts> .\test_rotational_cipher_python.py
Length Dic Numbers : 10
Length Dic lowercase : 26
Length Dic uppercase : 26
Input: abcdefghijklmNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789
Output: nopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLM9012345678

Pair Sum with Python O(n)

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Given a list of n integers arr[0..(n-1)], determine the number of different pairs of elements within it which sum to k. If an integer appears in the list multiple times, each copy is considered to be different; that is, two pairs are considered different if one pair includes at least one array index which the other doesn’t, even if they include the same values.

Signature

int numberOfWays(int[] arr, int k)

Input

n is in the range [1, 100,000]. Each value arr[i] is in the range [1, 1,000,000,000]. k is in the range [1, 1,000,000,000].

Output

Return the number of different pairs of elements which sum to k.

Example 1

n = 5 k = 6 arr = [1, 2, 3, 4, 3] output = 2The valid pairs are 2+4 and 3+3.

Example 2

n = 5 k = 6 arr = [1, 5, 3, 3, 3] output = 4There’s one valid pair 1+5, and three different valid pairs 3+3 (the 3rd and 4th elements, 3rd and 5th elements, and 4th and 5th elements).

Solution using Python:

Pair Sum with Python

Complexity:

  • Time: O(n)
  • Space: Array of n and Hash of n (Who cares about space?? really ??)

Execution:

Case 1:

[1, 2, 3, 4, 3]
{1: 1, 2: 1, 3: 2, 4: 1}
Total Pairs is: 2.0

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Case 2:

[1, 5, 3, 3, 3]
{1: 1, 5: 1, 3: 3}
Total Pairs is: 4.0

Videoconferencing Tools: Zoom vs Microsoft Teams vs Google Meet vs GoToMeeting vs WebEx vs Slack – making the right choice

Videoconferencing Apps: Zoom vs Teams vs Google Meet vs Slack

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COVID-19 has pushed the need for quality videoconferencing tools at the top of most businesses and organizations success factors.

American business people hold approximately 11 million meetings a day, which equals 55 million meetings per week and 220 million meetings per year. Zoom usage shot up in March 2020. Over the course of that month, Zoom was seeing 200 million daily meeting participants. The following month, this figure had risen to 300 millions.

In this blog, we are going to help you choose the best videoconferencing and web collaboration/webinars tools for your business or organization.

I- Class A Videoconferencing Apps and Tools

Features  Zoom Google Meet Microsoft Teams Winner
Pricing/Cost ZOOM
Zoom is free for up to 3 people for an unlimited amount of time and more than 3 people up to 100 participants for 40-minute meetings.
From US$14.99/month per host Pro plan for user management, unlimited meeting length, and reporting.
GOOGLE MEET
G Suite now called Google Workspace is priced at a starting cost of US$6 per user for a month but access to Google Meet itself is free.
Get 20% Off with these Promo Codes
Google Workspace for Business is starts at US $12 per month
Promo Codes
MICROSOFT TEAMS
For unlimited use, it comes with all Microsoft 365 plans (whose starting is $5 per user for a month). The Office 365 Business Premium Plan starts at US$12.50/user/month with additional features
WINNER
1- Zoom wins for individuals, families, not for profits, startups, small businesses, large enterprises interacting with external vendors or international clients, moms and pops shops, etc..

2- Google Meet wins for Education, Research, Companies that are already using GCP or G-Suite. Google doesn’t charge an additional call-in fee.
3- Teams wins for large organization using Office 365 already.

Offerings ZOOM
Screen sharing
Whiteboarding
Annotation
Breakout Rooms
Virtual backgrounds
In-meeting chat
Local recording
Nonverbal feedback

Zoom offers Online Meetings, Videos webinars, conference rooms, phone system. Zoom offers a much more stable connection than all of its counterparts, with crystal clear audio and video even while using a not so great internet connection. 

GOOGLE MEET
Unlimited number of meetings.
Live captioning during meetings.
Compatible across devices.
Video and audio preview screen.
Adjustable layouts and screen settings.
Controls for meeting hosts.
Screen sharing with participants.
Messaging with participants.

Google Meet allows anyone with a Google Account to create an online meeting with up to 100 participants. By utilizing Google’s advanced features, it can host up to 250 people per call for 60 minutes and record those calls to save them automatically to Google Drive. Furthermore, Google Meet also supports live streaming for a hundred thousand viewers within a domain.

MICROSOFT TEAMS
Online meetings & webinars.
Calling.
Video conferencing.

Screen sharing.
File sharing.
Custom backgrounds.
Instant messaging.

Microsoft Teams offers business VoIP, video and collaboration features all-in-one. Additionally, it’s integrated with all the Microsoft apps which makes collaborative work a lot easier if you are a Microsoft Office user.

WINNER
1- Zoom
2- Google Meet
3- Microsoft Teams

Zoom is super easy to set up, use, and manage.
Zoom works on low-quality internet.
Zoom gives the best quality video output.

Capacity and Compatibility ZOOM

A special feature of Zoom for large audiences is the Zoom webinar which can host up to 3000 participants. Although it’s not free and a Zoom Premium account needs to be purchased for it, it is one of the best platforms for hosting events or seminars with a huge audience that can participate as well.
Unlimited meetings for up to 100 participants
HD audio and video

GOOGLE MEET
By utilizing Google’s advanced features, it can host up to 250 people per call for 60 minutes and record those calls to save them automatically to Google Drive. Furthermore, Google Meet also supports live streaming for a hundred thousand viewers within a domain.
If you have a google account, you’ll be able to have 24-hour meetings with up to 100 people.
MICROSOFT TEAMS
Teams can host up to 250 members per call and even provide transcripts of the call after it ends. This feature is enabled in both desktop and web applications and regardless of participants being guests or users.
The Microsoft Teams Live Events has an audience capacity of 10,000 attendees with a duration limit of 4 hours. An Office 365 Organization can run up to 15 live events at a time.
WINNER:
1- Zoom
2- Google Meet

2- Microsoft Teams
You don’t need a Google Account to participate in Meet video meetings. However, if you don’t have a Google Account, the meeting organizer or someone from the organization must grant you access to the meeting. Tip: If you are not signed into a Google or Gmail accountyou cannot join using your mobile device.
Microsoft Teams is excellent for internal collaboration, whereas Zoom is often preferred for working externally – whether that’s with customers or guest vendors.
Security – Encryption ZOOM
Zoom claims that meetings are secure with end to end encryption, but it does not use the end-to-end encryption.
The Security icon in the meeting controls allows the host or co-host of a meeting to enable or disable options during a meeting to secure the meeting and minimize disruption during the meeting. Most of the settings can be controlled from Account, Group, and User settings prior to the meeting
GOOGLE MEET
All data in Google Meet is encrypted in transit by default between the client and Google for video meetings on a web browser, on the Meet Android and Apple® iOS® apps, and in meeting rooms with Google meeting room hardware. Meet recordings stored in Google Drive are encrypted at rest by default.
Google Meet has an anti-abuse feature that keeps the meetings safe with its anti-hijacking features and allowing the host to secure all controls of the meeting. This feature also allows multiple 2-step verification processes and security keys.
MICROSOFT TEAMS
Teams enforces team-wide and organization-wide two-factor authentication, single sign-on through Active Directory, and encryption of data in transit and at rest. Files are stored in SharePoint and are backed by SharePoint encryption. Notes are stored in OneNote and are backed by OneNote encryption.
WINNER:
1- Google Meet
2- Microsoft Teams
3- Zoom
Extra Unique Features ZOOM
Zoom has all the basic features such as screen sharing, file sharing, and a message box. But the distinguishing feature of Zoom is it allows you to control all settings, from enabling waiting rooms, allowing participants to rename themselves and give reactions, controlling the chatbox options, and much, much more.
GOOGLE MEET
Google Meet allows live captioning during meetings with its automated live captions powered by Google Speech. It also allows you to check video and audio controls before you enter a meeting.
The Google Meet layout automatically adjusts to display the most active content and participants. It also has screen sharing features, chat features, file sharing features, and is integrated with Microsoft and Google Apps.
MICROSOFT TEAMS
Additional features that Microsoft Teams has, are the customizable backgrounds, the ‘together mode’ in which all members sit together in the same background making it feel like they are all at one place, and file sharing and co-authoring files in real-time.
Winner:
1- Google Meet
2- Zoom
3- Microsoft Teams

Google Meet is a far stronger and more intuitive product than the video calling feature on Microsoft Teams and Zoom.
Device compatibilities ZOOM
Zoom is compatible with all devices whether it is a desktop/laptop, Android, iPhone, or iPad.
GOOGLE MEET
Google Meet is compatible across many devices whether it is a desktop/laptop, Android, iPhone, or iPad.
REVIEWS
TEAMS
Microsoft Teams is compatible with iOS, Android, macOS, and Windows and is mostly free for up to 300 people and 5GB worth of files.
REVIEWS
WINNER: Tie
REVIEWS: PROS PRO ZOOM REVIEWS
We have had great success and increase moblity by using this product. Extremely intuitive so video conference meetings are now becoming more popular than the face-to-face.
Gary A.
Read the full review
This is a great platform to have a video conversation. It is easy to use and for the most part the video quality is good.
Fonda C.
Read the full review
We love being able to hold meetings and the ease of inviting and logging on is worth the money spent on this service.
Jeana L.
Read the full review
PRO GOOGLE MEET REVIEWS
It’s a good tool for what it does – but there are other tools that do it better; but those cost.
Anonymous Reviewer
Read the full review
I like that it’s super intuitive and easy to use and set up. Since it’s Google, it also has good tech support.
Anonymous Reviewer
Read the full review
Google Hangouts is a popular tool for video-chatting your friends, clients, family members and the sort. The platform is daily gaining popularity since its establishment in 2013.
Anonymous Reviewer
Read the full review
PRO TEAMS REVIEWS
I like that you have the capability to hold a meeting and have the camera on or off-it is great when collaborating with team members who may not be in the office.
Anonymous Reviewer
Read the full review
Very good, it increased productivity, good online meeting experience, some flaws like file storage and creating new channels but overall it is a great product.
Akashbir S.
Read the full review
With the current pandemic situation, Teams has been a big lifesaver to us. It is easy to use, all integrated application with good customer support.
Lakshika G.
Read the full review
WINNER:
1- Zoom
2- Google Meet
3- Microsoft Teams
REVIEWS: CONS CONS ZOOM REVIEWS
It might be people’s internet connection that causes these problems, but sometimes the video lags and is unclear. People’s audio sometimes cuts out too.
Sally L.
Read the full review
The recent discovery of the forced video/automatic video without your warning due to the install on your machine is very concerning, and I avoid this software now because of this.
Diana B.
Read the full review
Meeting setup can be a bit confusing – this is a pretty common problem among most platforms, but generating conference ID can get a little confusing depending on who is navigating the meeting.
Anonymous Reviewer
Read the full review
CONS GOOGLE MEET REVIEWS
It’ll switch off audio or drop someone at random during larger group chats. It also doesn’t add back group members, nor does it have any feature that tells you if your microphone setting is wrong.
Anonymous Reviewer
Read the full review
It is a downside that you need a gmail account to use this. Some people have email accounts specific to their internet provider or they have yahoo.
Victoria K.
Read the full review
The hardest part is actually finding it on the email interface – I have a google phone number too and that takes priority in the side bar which can be confusing.
Sarah F.
Read the full review
CONS TEAMS REVIEWS
The teams arrangement is not straightforward and the UI is very busy. Often times, notifications are lost when there are multiple channels within a team and those channels are in the collapsed view.
Anonymous Reviewer
Read the full review
I sometimes have trouble opening the software, but I think it might be more of a problem with our internet connection. It is very difficult to figure out how to use the call feature.
Christina B.
Read the full review
Notifications for teams are not automatically enabled so you have to enable it yourself but you might run into problems because it is not very user-friendly.
Anonymous Reviewer
Read the full review
LOSER: TIE

As of December 2020, Google Meet has 30 million daily users, Microsoft Teams has 75 Million daily active users, and Zoom takes the lead with 300 Million daily active users.

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II- Class B Videoconferencing Apps

Features  GoToMeeting WeBex Slack Winner
Pricing / Cost GOTOMEETING
GoToMeeting Professional allows you to host meetings with up to 150 participants and costs $12 monthly (billed annually at $144).
 
GoToMeeting Business costs $16per month (billed annually at $192).
WEBEX
Free
$ 0
per host, per month
1 host maximum

Starter
$ 13.50
per host, per month
1-9 hosts
Business
$ 26.95
per host, per month
5-100 hosts

SLACK
Free
For small teams
trying out Slack for an unlimited period of time
Standard
For small- and medium-sized businesses
$6.67 USD/month
Plus
For larger businesses or those with additional administration needs
$12.50 USD/month
1- GoToMeeting
2- Slack
3- Webex
Offerings GOTOMEETING
Virtual Whiteboard.
Built-In Audio.
Meeting Scheduler.
Hand Over Control.
One-Click Recording.
Join via Mobile Options.
Desktop/Application Sharing.
Personal Meeting Room. 
WEBEX 
20 million reliable video conferences a month.
Free video calls and screen sharing with Webex.
Screen share — free.
Webex webinars are delivered reliably.
Easily present online.
Collaborate with your team.
Get more from your conference call.
SLACK
Create open channels
Support for private groups and 1:1 direct messaging
File Sharing
Deep, Contextual Search

Always In Sync
Chat functionality
Tags, keywords & @mentions
1:1 and group calls
Screen sharing
Activity logging
API availability
Activity tracking
Open API to build your own integrations 
WINNER 
1- GoToMeeting
2- Slack
3- WeBex
Capacity compatibility GOTOMEETING
Join from Mac, PC, iPad®, iPhone® or Android
WEBEX  
WebEx mobile
Mobile home screen widget
Video call recording
“Call Me” alternative to dial-in
Remote desktop control,
iOS, android
SLACK
Desktop & mobile messaging 
iOS, android
WINNER  
1- Slack
2- GoToMeeting
3- WeBex
Security GOTOMEETING 
SSL Security
Reviews
 WEBEX 
End-to-end encryption
Password-protected meetings
Reviews
SLACK  
Single sign on
All data transfer is encrypted
SSL Security
Reviews
 WINNER 
1- WeBex
2- Slack
3- GoToMeeting

Other Videoconferencing Tools and Apps:

1- LiveStorm: Livestorm is a browser based online web conferencing software used to share real-time live streams. It can be used to power remote live meetings, product demos, sales webinars, online lessons, onboarding sessions, more etc.. Cost: Starting from €89/month – Reviews

2- ClickMeeting: Video conferencing, online meetings, and webinar software to bring your students, customers, and team members together. Cost: Starting from $25/month – Reviews

3- AirMeet: Airmeet is a platform for virtual summits, meetups & workshops with a social lounge to deliver a rich networking experience. Virtual events, real connections. Starting at $99 per month.

4- GoToWebinar: Video conferencing and webinar hosting for large events. Cost: Starting from $89 per month. Reviews

Videoconferencing Q&A:

The Cloud is the future: The AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate Averge salary is $149,446/year. Get Certified Now with the apps below:




Which do you prefer for video calls: Skype, Zoom, or Google Hangouts?

I prefer Zoom and I have used all three of these mediums.

I prefer Zoom because its streamlined and easy for domestic and international clients. I like Zoom because you can utilize breakout rooms to easily divide people in to groups for short periods of time and have people raise their hand so you can toggle over audio during a busy call with a lot of people on. It’s great for managing webinars as well as internal team meets or client correspondences.

Is it possible to transcribe a meeting on Google Meet? If yes, how?

Yes, it’s possible. All you need is to create a free account at SpeechText AI audio transcription service and upload recorded audio files.

Here is the step-by-step guide:

1. In Google Meet, start recording the meeting. Click “More” (3 vertical dots on the lower right-hand side) and choose the “Record Meeting” option.

2. Recorded Google Meet video will be automatically stored in your Google Drive. Check “My Drive” -> “Meet recordings” folder. An email with a link to the Google Meet recording will also be sent to the meeting administrator. You need to download it to your computer.

3. Create a trial SpeechText AI account. It’s free.

4. Locate your downloaded recording on your computer and upload it to the cloud transcription service.

5. SpeechText AI is the first multilingual and industry-specific audio transcription engine. To start transcription you should accurately select the transcription language (the service supports more than 30 languages and accents), industry to accurately transcribe domain-specific terms and audio type (in your case it will be the ‘Meeting record’).

6. Hit the “Transcribe” button and SpeechText AI transcribes your Google Meet meeting in seconds.

I’ve attached the example of transcription results you can get using SpeechText AI service. It’s the interview of Elon Musk at The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.

Is Google Classroom safer than Zoom?

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Google Classroom and Zoom are completely different types of programs. Classroom is used for assigning and tracking student work while Zoom is a platform for video conferencing. Google does have an equivalent to Zoom in their Google Meets app, but Zoom does not have an equivalent to Google Classroom.

As teachers at my school had already started is Zoom back when lockdown started, it was easier to continue using the same format than to transition to a different platform, plus there was a *ridiculously* long wait to get approval for Google Classroom back when every school in the country was scrambling to become a provider of online education all at the same time.

From the reports I’ve heard, both Google Meets and Zoom had security issues when they got all of those new customers all at once. Both have increased security over the past few months & added extra layers of security to the point that security issues seem to be pretty far in between, or at least you hear fewer reports of them. Now it seems to be more an issue of them both working on improving system stability, so there are fewer system-wide crashes & fewer dropped participants.

How do I record a full screen view in Google Meet when someone else is in the sharing screen?

You can use a third-party screen recorder to meet that goal. The tool I widely used to capture meeting calls on PC is RecMaster. It comes with multiple recording modes and simultaneously provides versatile recording tools. Here let me show you how to record Google Meet in Full screen.

Step 1: Download and make RecMaster running on your computer. After that, choose the Full screen mode to capture the Google Meet call.

Step 2: Choose the system sound button so that the speaker’s voice will be recorded. Here you can also make configuration on the video format, video quality, frame rate one by one. If you are holding any fixed-time recording, you can preset the beginning and ending time of the recording and it will automatically start.

Step 3: Press REC button to start. When it’s time to end this task, tab the red button again to terminate the recording.

Now you’ve got the desired video. You can upload it to Google Drive, YouTube or share with ease.

How do you improve your online class experience on a Zoom cloud meeting?

Here are some additional online resources to help you most effectively use Zoom for virtual education:

  • Live Zoom training dailyThese include sessions specifically highlighting Zoom Meetings for Education (Students & Educators), focusing on using Zoom Meetings as your classroom setting. Zoom Webinar training is also available.
  • Recorded Zoom training: Watch previously recorded sessions on demand and at your convenience. Several are in German, Japanese, and Korean, in addition to English.
  • Tips for instructors: Check out this Twitter thread from USC Ph.D. student and online instructor Alana Kennedyon some of the most useful features and best practices for teaching over Zoom.

March 6

Zoom has a wealth of experience helping educational institutions optimize the Zoom platform for virtual classrooms and online learning. It’s our goal to make Zoom easy to use and accessible for everyone, and we’re committed to streamlining the experience for our educational users amid the global coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.

Zoom’s teams are working to provide teachers, administrators, and students around the world with the resources they need to quickly spin up virtual classrooms, participate in online classes, and continue their studies online. It’s our intention that everyone, from seasoned Zoom users to those who’ve never interacted with our product, can easily download the client, start and schedule meetings, set students up with Zoom, and start using Zoom for virtual instruction with ease.

This post is designed to help our education users:

  • Sign up for a Zoom account
  • Pick the best account option
  • Understand best practices for using Zoom in education

Help for schools

To ensure all of our K-12 districts and other institutions can most effectively leverage Zoom for virtual education during this time, Zoom is:

  • Temporarily removing the 40-minute limit on free Basic accounts for schools in Japan and Italy, and by request for K-12 schools in the United States
  • Providing multi-language resources specifically designed for principals, vice principals, teachers, students, and parents to set up and use Zoom
  • Expanding live trainings, webinars, and recorded offerings to share best practices for using the platform

How to enable your free Zoom account

To have the 40-minute time limit temporarily removed for your organization’s free Basic accounts:

  1. Have your administrators, staff, and teachers sign up for a free Zoom account.
  2. Have a member of your school fill out this form to request the temporary removal.
  3. Upon verification, all free Basic accounts using your school’s email domain will have the time restriction lifted.

Now teachers will be able to log in, schedule their classes, and send out invites to students. Students are not required to have a Zoom account and can join classes using the links sent from the teacher. For the best experience, we do recommend every user download the Zoom application on their preferred Mac, Windows, Linux, iOS, or Android device.

We have numerous short videos on support.zoom.us to help you get started.

Zoom account features & benefits

Zoom offers robust collaboration and engagement tools as part of its standard free license, including the ability to connect using VoIP or via traditional phone when internet is not available. Administrators, teachers, parents, and students also have access to:

For organizations requiring a more robust feature set and administrative control, Zoom’s Education plan provides the above capabilities and more at a low cost, including:

  • Unlimited meetings for up to to 300 participants
  • Single sign-on (SSO)
  • LTI integration to support most LMS platforms
  • Enhanced user management to add, delete, and assign add-on features
  • Advanced admin controls for enabling/disabling recording, chat, and notifications
  • 500 MB of cloud recording
  • Cloud recording transcription
  • Usage reports to track participation

Need help deciding whether a Basic or Education plan is right for you? Connect with a Zoom education specialistfor assistance.

Resources for Zoom’s education users

Here are some guides to help school administrators, staff, teachers, students, and parents leverage Zoom for virtual learning:

We’re also providing multi-language resources specifically designed for principals, vice principals, teachers, students, and parents to set up and use Zoom.

Additional measures

Zoom is also proactively monitoring our global infrastructure to ensure reliability and uptime for your online learning programs. Our proven infrastructure regularly supports over 8 billion meeting minutes a month, and we are confident that our architecture can handle spiking levels of activity and support educational institutions around the world during this time.

Source:

1- Zoom

2- Google Workspace

3- Microsoft Teams

4- Microsoft Teams VS Google Meet VS Zoom

Top 50 Google Certified Cloud Professional Architect Exam Questions and Answers Dumps

Azure Administrator AZ-104 Exam Questions and Answers Dumps

The Cloud is the future: Get Certified now.

Google Certified Cloud Professional Architect is the top high paying certification in the world: Google Certified Professional Cloud Architect Average Salary – $175,761

The Google Certified Cloud Professional Architect Exam assesses your ability to:

  • Design and plan a cloud solution architecture
  • Manage and provision the cloud solution infrastructure
  • Design for security and compliance
  • Analyze and optimize technical and business processes
  • Manage implementations of cloud architecture
  • Ensure solution and operations reliability
  • Designing and planning a cloud solution architecture

The Google Certified Cloud Professional Architect covers the following topics:

Designing and planning a cloud solution architecture: 36%

This domain tests your ability to design a solution infrastructure that meets business and technical requirements and considers network, storage and compute resources. It will test your ability to create a migration plan, and that you can envision future solution improvements.

Managing and provisioning a solution Infrastructure: 20%

This domain will test your ability to configure network topologies, individual storage systems and design solutions using Google Cloud networking, storage and compute services.

Designing for security and compliance: 12%

This domain assesses your ability to design for security and compliance by considering IAM policies, separation of duties, encryption of data and that you can design your solutions while considering any compliance requirements such as those for healthcare and financial information.

Managing implementation: 10%

This domain tests your ability to advise development/operation team(s) to make sure you have successful deployment of your solution. It also tests yours ability to interact with Google Cloud using GCP SDK (gcloud, gsutil, and bq).

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Ensuring solution and operations reliability: 6%

This domain tests your ability to run your solutions reliably in Google Cloud by building monitoring and logging solutions, quality control measures and by creating release management processes.

Analyzing and optimizing technical and business processes: 16%

This domain will test how you analyze and define technical processes, business processes and develop procedures to ensure resilience of your solutions in production.

Below are the Top 50 Google Certified Cloud Professional Architect Exam Questions and Answers Dumps: You will need to have the three case studies referred to in the exam open in separate tabs in order to complete the exam: Company A , Company B, Company C

Question 1:  Because you do not know every possible future use for the data Company A collects, you have decided to build a system that captures and stores all raw data in case you need it later. How can you most cost-effectively accomplish this goal?

 A. Have the vehicles in the field stream the data directly into BigQuery.

B. Have the vehicles in the field pass the data to Cloud Pub/Sub and dump it into a Cloud Dataproc cluster that stores data in Apache Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) on persistent disks.

C. Have the vehicles in the field continue to dump data via FTP, adjust the existing Linux machines, and use a collector to upload them into Cloud Dataproc HDFS for storage.

D. Have the vehicles in the field continue to dump data via FTP, and adjust the existing Linux machines to immediately upload it to Cloud Storage with gsutil.

ANSWER1:

D

Notes/References1:

D is correct because several load-balanced Compute Engine VMs would suffice to ingest 9 TB per day, and Cloud Storage is the cheapest per-byte storage offered by Google. Depending on the format, the data could be available via BigQuery immediately, or shortly after running through an ETL job. Thus, this solution meets business and technical requirements while optimizing for cost.

Reference: Streaming insertsApache Hadoop and Spark10 tips for building long running cluster using cloud dataproc

Question 2: Today, Company A maintenance workers receive interactive performance graphs for the last 24 hours (86,400 events) by plugging their maintenance tablets into the vehicle. The support group wants support technicians to view this data remotely to help troubleshoot problems. You want to minimize the latency of graph loads. How should you provide this functionality?

A. Execute queries against data stored in a Cloud SQL.

B. Execute queries against data indexed by vehicle_id.timestamp in Cloud Bigtable.

C. Execute queries against data stored on daily partitioned BigQuery tables.

D. Execute queries against BigQuery with data stored in Cloud Storage via BigQuery federation.

ANSWER2:

B

Notes/References2:

B is correct because Cloud Bigtable is optimized for time-series data. It is cost-efficient, highly available, and low-latency. It scales well. Best of all, it is a managed service that does not require significant operations work to keep running.

Reference: BigTables time series clusterBigQuery

Question 3: Your agricultural division is experimenting with fully autonomous vehicles. You want your architecture to promote strong security during vehicle operation. Which two architecture characteristics should you consider?

A. Use multiple connectivity subsystems for redundancy. 

B. Require IPv6 for connectivity to ensure a secure address space. 

C. Enclose the vehicle’s drive electronics in a Faraday cage to isolate chips.

D. Use a functional programming language to isolate code execution cycles.

E. Treat every microservice call between modules on the vehicle as untrusted.

F. Use a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) and verify firmware and binaries on boot.

ANSWER3:

E and F

Notes/References3:

E is correct because this improves system security by making it more resistant to hacking, especially through man-in-the-middle attacks between modules.

F is correct because this improves system security by making it more resistant to hacking, especially rootkits or other kinds of corruption by malicious actors.

Reference 3: Trusted Platform Module

Question 4: For this question, refer to the Company A case study.

Which of Company A’s legacy enterprise processes will experience significant change as a result of increased Google Cloud Platform adoption?

A. OpEx/CapEx allocation, LAN change management, capacity planning

B. Capacity planning, TCO calculations, OpEx/CapEx allocation 

C. Capacity planning, utilization measurement, data center expansion

D. Data center expansion, TCO calculations, utilization measurement

ANSWER4:

B

Notes/References4:

B is correct because all of these tasks are big changes when moving to the cloud. Capacity planning for cloud is different than for on-premises data centers; TCO calculations are adjusted because Company A is using services, not leasing/buying servers; OpEx/CapEx allocation is adjusted as services are consumed vs. using capital expenditures.

Reference: Cloud Economics

Question 5: For this question, refer to the Company A case study.

You analyzed Company A’s business requirement to reduce downtime and found that they can achieve a majority of time saving by reducing customers’ wait time for parts. You decided to focus on reduction of the 3 weeks’ aggregate reporting time. Which modifications to the company’s processes should you recommend?

A. Migrate from CSV to binary format, migrate from FTP to SFTP transport, and develop machine learning analysis of metrics.

B. Migrate from FTP to streaming transport, migrate from CSV to binary format, and develop machine learning analysis of metrics.

C. Increase fleet cellular connectivity to 80%, migrate from FTP to streaming transport, and develop machine learning analysis of metrics.

D. Migrate from FTP to SFTP transport, develop machine learning analysis of metrics, and increase dealer local inventory by a fixed factor.

ANSWER5:

C

Notes/References5:

C is correct because using cellular connectivity will greatly improve the freshness of data used for analysis from where it is now, collected when the machines are in for maintenance. Streaming transport instead of periodic FTP will tighten the feedback loop even more. Machine learning is ideal for predictive maintenance workloads.

Question 6: Your company wants to deploy several microservices to help their system handle elastic loads. Each microservice uses a different version of software libraries. You want to enable their developers to keep their development environment in sync with the various production services. Which technology should you choose?

A. RPM/DEB

B. Containers 

C. Chef/Puppet

D. Virtual machines

ANSWER6:

B

Notes/References6:

B is correct because using containers for development, test, and production deployments abstracts away system OS environments, so that a single host OS image can be used for all environments. Changes that are made during development are captured using a copy-on-write filesystem, and teams can easily publish new versions of the microservices in a repository.

Question 7: Your company wants to track whether someone is present in a meeting room reserved for a scheduled meeting. There are 1000 meeting rooms across 5 offices on 3 continents. Each room is equipped with a motion sensor that reports its status every second. You want to support the data upload and collection needs of this sensor network. The receiving infrastructure needs to account for the possibility that the devices may have inconsistent connectivity. Which solution should you design?

A. Have each device create a persistent connection to a Compute Engine instance and write messages to a custom application.

B. Have devices poll for connectivity to Cloud SQL and insert the latest messages on a regular interval to a device specific table. 

C. Have devices poll for connectivity to Cloud Pub/Sub and publish the latest messages on a regular interval to a shared topic for all devices.

D. Have devices create a persistent connection to an App Engine application fronted by Cloud Endpoints, which ingest messages and write them to Cloud Datastore.

ANSWER7:

C

Notes/References7:

C is correct because Cloud Pub/Sub can handle the frequency of this data, and consumers of the data can pull from the shared topic for further processing.

Question 8: Your company wants to try out the cloud with low risk. They want to archive approximately 100 TB of their log data to the cloud and test the analytics features available to them there, while also retaining that data as a long-term disaster recovery backup. Which two steps should they take?

A. Load logs into BigQuery. 

B. Load logs into Cloud SQL.

C. Import logs into Stackdriver. 

D. Insert logs into Cloud Bigtable.

E. Upload log files into Cloud Storage.

ANSWER8:

A and E

Notes/References8:

A is correct because BigQuery is the fully managed cloud data warehouse for analytics and supports the analytics requirement.

E is correct because Cloud Storage provides the Coldline storage class to support long-term storage with infrequent access, which would support the long-term disaster recovery backup requirement.

References: BigQueryStackDriverBigTableStorage Class: ColdLine

Question 9: You set up an autoscaling instance group to serve web traffic for an upcoming launch. After configuring the instance group as a backend service to an HTTP(S) load balancer, you notice that virtual machine (VM) instances are being terminated and re-launched every minute. The instances do not have a public IP address. You have verified that the appropriate web response is coming from each instance using the curl command. You want to ensure that the backend is configured correctly. What should you do?

A. Ensure that a firewall rule exists to allow source traffic on HTTP/HTTPS to reach the load balancer. 

B. Assign a public IP to each instance, and configure a firewall rule to allow the load balancer to reach the instance public IP.

C. Ensure that a firewall rule exists to allow load balancer health checks to reach the instances in the instance group.

D. Create a tag on each instance with the name of the load balancer. Configure a firewall rule with the name of the load balancer as the source and the instance tag as the destination.

ANSWER9:

C

Notes/References9:

C is correct because health check failures lead to a VM being marked unhealthy and can result in termination if the health check continues to fail. Because you have already verified that the instances are functioning properly, the next step would be to determine why the health check is continuously failing.

Reference: Load balancingLoad Balancing Health Checking

Question 10: Your organization has a 3-tier web application deployed in the same network on Google Cloud Platform. Each tier (web, API, and database) scales independently of the others. Network traffic should flow through the web to the API tier, and then on to the database tier. Traffic should not flow between the web and the database tier. How should you configure the network?

A. Add each tier to a different subnetwork.

B. Set up software-based firewalls on individual VMs. 

C. Add tags to each tier and set up routes to allow the desired traffic flow.

D. Add tags to each tier and set up firewall rules to allow the desired traffic flow.

ANSWER10:

D

Notes/References10:

D is correct because as instances scale, they will all have the same tag to identify the tier. These tags can then be leveraged in firewall rules to allow and restrict traffic as required, because tags can be used for both the target and source.

Reference: Using VPCRoutesAdd Remove Network

Question 11: Your organization has 5 TB of private data on premises. You need to migrate the data to Cloud Storage. You want to maximize the data transfer speed. How should you migrate the data?

A. Use gsutil.

B. Use gcloud.

C. Use GCS REST API. 

D. Use Storage Transfer Service.

ANSWER11:

A

Notes/References11:

A is correct because gsutil gives you access to write data to Cloud Storage.

Reference: gsutilsgcloud sdkcloud storage json apiuploading objectsstorage transfer

Question 12: You are designing a mobile chat application. You want to ensure that people cannot spoof chat messages by proving that a message was sent by a specific user. What should you do?

A. Encrypt the message client-side using block-based encryption with a shared key.

B. Tag messages client-side with the originating user identifier and the destination user.

C. Use a trusted certificate authority to enable SSL connectivity between the client application and the server. 

D. Use public key infrastructure (PKI) to encrypt the message client-side using the originating user’s private key.

ANSWER12:

D

Notes/References12:

D is correct because PKI requires that both the server and the client have signed certificates, validating both the client and the server.

Question 13: You are designing a large distributed application with 30 microservices. Each of your distributed microservices needs to connect to a database backend. You want to store the credentials securely. Where should you store the credentials?

A. In the source code

B. In an environment variable 

C. In a key management system

D. In a config file that has restricted access through ACLs

ANSWER13:

C

Notes/References13:

Question 14: For this question, refer to the Company B case study.

Company B wants to set up a real-time analytics platform for their new game. The new platform must meet their technical requirements. Which combination of Google technologies will meet all of their requirements?

A. Kubernetes Engine, Cloud Pub/Sub, and Cloud SQL

B. Cloud Dataflow, Cloud Storage, Cloud Pub/Sub, and BigQuery 

C. Cloud SQL, Cloud Storage, Cloud Pub/Sub, and Cloud Dataflow

D. Cloud Pub/Sub, Compute Engine, Cloud Storage, and Cloud Dataproc

ANSWER14:

B

Notes/References14:

B is correct because:
Cloud Dataflow dynamically scales up or down, can process data in real time, and is ideal for processing data that arrives late using Beam windows and triggers.
Cloud Storage can be the landing space for files that are regularly uploaded by users’ mobile devices.
Cloud Pub/Sub can ingest the streaming data from the mobile users.
BigQuery can query more than 10 TB of historical data.

References: GCP QuotasBeam Apache WindowingBeam Apache TriggersBigQuery External Data SolutionsApache Hive on Cloud Dataproc

Question 15: For this question, refer to the Company B case study.

Company B has deployed their new backend on Google Cloud Platform (GCP). You want to create a thorough testing process for new versions of the backend before they are released to the public. You want the testing environment to scale in an economical way. How should you design the process?A. Create a scalable environment in GCP for simulating production load.B. Use the existing infrastructure to test the GCP-based backend at scale. C. Build stress tests into each component of your application and use resources from the already deployed production backend to simulate load.D. Create a set of static environments in GCP to test different levels of load—for example, high, medium, and low.

ANSWER15:

A

Notes/References15:

A is correct because simulating production load in GCP can scale in an economical way.

Reference: Load Testing iot using gcp and locustDistributed Load Testing Using Kubernetes

Question 16: For this question, refer to the Company B case study.

Company B wants to set up a continuous delivery pipeline. Their architecture includes many small services that they want to be able to update and roll back quickly. Company B has the following requirements:

  • Services are deployed redundantly across multiple regions in the US and Europe
  • Only frontend services are exposed on the public internet.
  • They can reserve a single frontend IP for their fleet of services.
  • Deployment artifacts are immutable

Which set of products should they use?

A. Cloud Storage, Cloud Dataflow, Compute Engine

B. Cloud Storage, App Engine, Cloud Load Balancing

C. Container Registry, Google Kubernetes Engine, Cloud Load Balancing

D. Cloud Functions, Cloud Pub/Sub, Cloud Deployment Manager

ANSWER16:

C

Notes/References16:

C is correct because:
Google Kubernetes Engine is ideal for deploying small services that can be updated and rolled back quickly. It is a best practice to manage services using immutable containers.
Cloud Load Balancing supports globally distributed services across multiple regions. It provides a single global IP address that can be used in DNS records. Using URL Maps, the requests can be routed to only the services that Company B wants to expose.
Container Registry is a single place for a team to manage Docker images for the services.

References: Load Balancing https – load balancing overview GCP lb global forwarding rulesreserve static external ip addressbest practice for operating containerscontainer registrydataflowcalling https

Question 17: Your customer is moving their corporate applications to Google Cloud Platform. The security team wants detailed visibility of all resources in the organization. You use Resource Manager to set yourself up as the org admin. What Cloud Identity and Access Management (Cloud IAM) roles should you give to the security team?

A. Org viewer, Project owner

B. Org viewer, Project viewer 

C. Org admin, Project browser

D. Project owner, Network admin

ANSWER17:

B

Notes/References17:

B is correct because:
Org viewer grants the security team permissions to view the organization's display name.
Project viewer grants the security team permissions to see the resources within projects.

Reference: GCP Resource Manager – User Roles

Question 18: To reduce costs, the Director of Engineering has required all developers to move their development infrastructure resources from on-premises virtual machines (VMs) to Google Cloud Platform. These resources go through multiple start/stop events during the day and require state to persist. You have been asked to design the process of running a development environment in Google Cloud while providing cost visibility to the finance department. Which two steps should you take?

A. Use persistent disks to store the state. Start and stop the VM as needed. 

B. Use the –auto-delete flag on all persistent disks before stopping the VM. 

C. Apply VM CPU utilization label and include it in the BigQuery billing export.

D. Use BigQuery billing export and labels to relate cost to groups. 

E. Store all state in local SSD, snapshot the persistent disks, and terminate the VM.F. Store all state in Cloud Storage, snapshot the persistent disks, and terminate the VM.

ANSWER18:

A and D

Notes/References18:

A is correct because persistent disks will not be deleted when an instance is stopped.

D is correct because exporting daily usage and cost estimates automatically throughout the day to a BigQuery dataset is a good way of providing visibility to the finance department. Labels can then be used to group the costs based on team or cost center.

References: GCP instances life cycleGCP instances set disk auto deleteGCP Local Data PersistanceGCP export data BigQueryGCP Creating Managing Labels

Question 19: Your company has decided to make a major revision of their API in order to create better experiences for their developers. They need to keep the old version of the API available and deployable, while allowing new customers and testers to try out the new API. They want to keep the same SSL and DNS records in place to serve both APIs. What should they do?

A. Configure a new load balancer for the new version of the API.

B. Reconfigure old clients to use a new endpoint for the new API. 

C. Have the old API forward traffic to the new API based on the path.

D. Use separate backend services for each API path behind the load balancer.

ANSWER19:

D

Notes/References19:

D is correct because an HTTP(S) load balancer can direct traffic reaching a single IP to different backends based on the incoming URL.

References: load balancing httpsload balancing backendGCP lb global forwarding rules

Question 20: The database administration team has asked you to help them improve the performance of their new database server running on Compute Engine. The database is used for importing and normalizing the company’s performance statistics. It is built with MySQL running on Debian Linux. They have an n1-standard-8 virtual machine with 80 GB of SSD zonal persistent disk. What should they change to get better performance from this system in a cost-effective manner?

A. Increase the virtual machine’s memory to 64 GB.

B. Create a new virtual machine running PostgreSQL. 

C. Dynamically resize the SSD persistent disk to 500 GB.

D. Migrate their performance metrics warehouse to BigQuery.

ANSWER20:

C

Notes/References20:

C is correct because persistent disk performance is based on the total persistent disk capacity attached to an instance and the number of vCPUs that the instance has. Incrementing the persistent disk capacity will increment its throughput and IOPS, which in turn improve the performance of MySQL.

References: GCP compute disks pdsspecsGCP Compute Disks Performances

Question 21: You need to ensure low-latency global access to data stored in a regional GCS bucket. Data access is uniform across many objects and relatively high. What should you do to address the latency concerns?

A. Use Google’s Cloud CDN.

B. Use Premium Tier routing and Cloud Functions to accelerate access at the edges.

C. Do nothing.

D. Use global BigTable storage.

E. Use a global Cloud Spanner instance.

F. Migrate the data to a new multi-regional GCS bucket.

G. Change the storage class to multi-regional.

ANSWER21:

A

Notes/References21:

Cloud Functions cannot be used to affect GCS data access, so that option is simply wrong. BigTable does not have any “global” mode, so that option is wrong, too. Cloud Spanner is not a good replacement for GCS data: the data use cases are different enough that we can assume it would probably not be a good fit. You cannot change a bucket’s location after it has been created–not via the storage class nor any other way; you would have to migrate the data to a new bucket. Google’s Cloud CDN is very easy to turn on, but it does only work for data that comes from within GCP and only if the objects are being accessed frequently enough. 

Reference: Google Cloud Storage : What bucket class for the best performance?

Question 22: You are building a sign-up app for your local neighbourhood barbeque party and you would like to quickly throw together a low-cost application that tracks who will bring what. Which of the following options should you choose?

A. Python, Flask, App Engine Standard

B. Ruby, Nginx, GKE

C. HTML, CSS, Cloud Storage

D. Node.js, Express, Cloud Functions

E. Rust, Rocket, App Engine Flex

F. Perl, CGI, GCE

ANSWER22:

A

Notes/References22:

The Cloud Storage option doesn’t offer any way to coordinate the guest data. App Engine Flex would cost much more to run when no one is on the sign-up site. Cloud Functions could handle processing some API calls, but it would be more work to set up and that option doesn’t mention anything about storage. GKE is way overkill for such a small and simple application. Running Perl CGI scripts on GCE would also cost more than it needs (and probably make you very sad). App Engine Standard makes it super-easy to stand up a Python Flask app and includes easy data storage options, too. 

Reference: Building a Python 3.7 App on App Engine

Question 23: Your company has decided to migrate your AWS DynamoDB database to a multi-regional Cloud Spanner instance and you are designing the system to transfer and load all the data to synchronize the DBs and eventually allow for a quick cut-over. A member of your team has some previous experience working with Apache Hadoop. Which of the following options will you choose for the streamed updates that follow the initial import?

A. The DynamoDB table change is captured by Cloud Pub/Sub and written to Cloud Dataproc for processing into a Spanner-compatible format.

B. The DynamoDB table change is captured by Cloud Pub/Sub and written to Cloud Dataflow for processing into a Spanner-compatible format.

C. Changes to the DynamoDB table are captured by DynamoDB Streams. A Lambda function triggered by the stream writes the change to Cloud Pub/Sub. Cloud Dataflow processes the data from Cloud Pub/Sub and writes it to Cloud Spanner.

D. The DynamoDB table is rescanned by a GCE instance and written to a Cloud Storage bucket. Cloud Dataproc processes the data from Cloud Storage and writes it to Cloud Spanner.

E. The DynamoDB table is rescanned by an EC2 instance and written to an S3 bucket. Storage Transfer Service moves the data from S3 to a Cloud Storage bucket. Cloud Dataflow processes the data from Cloud Storage and writes it to Cloud Spanner.

ANSWER23:

C

Notes/References23:

Rescanning the DynamoDB table is not an appropriate approach to tracking data changes to keep the GCP-side of this in synch. The fact that someone on your team has previous Hadoop experience is not a good enough reason to choose Cloud Dataproc; that’s a red herring. The options purporting to connect Cloud Pub/Sub directly to the DynamoDB table won’t work because there is no such functionality. 

References: Cloud Solutions Architecture Reference

Question 24: Your client is a manufacturing company and they have informed you that they will be pausing all normal business activities during a five-week summer holiday period. They normally employ thousands of workers who constantly connect to their internal systems for day-to-day manufacturing data such as blueprints and machine imaging, but during this period the few on-site staff will primarily be re-tooling the factory for the next year’s production runs and will not be performing any manufacturing tasks that need to access these cloud-based systems. When the bulk of the staff return, they will primarily work on the new models but may spend about 20% of their time working with models from previous years. The company has asked you to reduce their GCP costs during this time, so which of the following options will you suggest?

A. Pause all Cloud Functions via the UI and unpause them when work starts back up.

B. Disable all Cloud Functions via the command line and re-enable them when work starts back up.

C. Delete all Cloud Functions and recreate them when work starts back up.

D. Convert all Cloud Functions to run as App Engine Standard applications during the break.

E. None of these options is a good suggestion.

ANSWER24:

E

Notes/References24:

Cloud Functions scale themselves down to zero when they’re not being used. There is no need to do anything with them.

Question 25: You need a place to store images before updating them by file-based render farm software running on a cluster of machines. Which of the following options will you choose?

A. Container Registry

B. Cloud Storage

C. Cloud Filestore

D. Persistent Disk

ANSWER25:

C

Notes/References25:

There are several different kinds of “images” that you might need to consider–maybe they are normal picture-image files, maybe they are Docker container images, maybe VM or disk images, or maybe something else. In this question, “images” refers to visual images, thus eliminating CI/CD products like Container Registry. Compute Engine is not a storage product and should be eliminated. The term “file-based” software means that it is unlikely to work well with object-based storage like Cloud Storage (or any of its storage classes). Persistent Disk cannot offer shared access across a cluster of machines when writes are involved; it only handles multiple readers. However, Cloud Filestore is made to provide shared, file-based storage for a cluster of machines as described in the question. 

Reference: Cloud Filestore | Google Cloud

Question 26: Your company has decided to migrate your AWS DynamoDB database to a multi-regional Cloud Spanner instance and you are designing the system to transfer and load all the data to synchronize the DBs and eventually allow for a quick cut-over. A member of your team has some previous experience working with Apache Hadoop. Which of the following options will you choose for the initial data import?

A. The DynamoDB table is scanned by an EC2 instance and written to an S3 bucket. Storage Transfer Service moves the data from S3 to a Cloud Storage bucket. Cloud Dataflow processes the data from Cloud Storage and writes it to Cloud Spanner.

B. The DynamoDB table data is captured by DynamoDB Streams. A Lambda function triggered by the stream writes the data to Cloud Pub/Sub. Cloud Dataflow processes the data from Cloud Pub/Sub and writes it to Cloud Spanner.

C. The DynamoDB table data is captured by Cloud Pub/Sub and written to Cloud Dataproc for processing into a Spanner-compatible format.

D. The DynamoDB table is scanned by a GCE instance and written to a Cloud Storage bucket. Cloud Dataproc processes the data from Cloud Storage and writes it to Cloud Spanner.

ANSWER26:

A

Notes/References26:

The same data processing will have to happen for both the initial (batch) data load and the incremental (streamed) data changes that follow it. So if the solution built to handle the initial batch doesn't also work for the stream that follows it, then the processing code would have to be written twice. A Professional Cloud Architect should recognize this project-level issue and not over-focus on the (batch) portion called out in this particular question. This is why you don’t want to choose Cloud Dataproc. Instead, Cloud Dataflow will handle both the initial batch load and also the subsequent streamed data. The fact that someone on your team has previous Hadoop experience is not a good enough reason to choose Cloud Dataproc; that’s a red herring. The DynamoDB streams option would be great for the db synchronization that follows, but it can’t handle the initial data load because DynamoDB Streams only fire for data changes. The option purporting to connect Cloud Pub/Sub directly to the DynamoDB table won’t work because there is no such functionality. 

Reference: Cloud Solutions Architecture Reference

Question 27: You need a managed service to handle logging data coming from applications running in GKE and App Engine Standard. Which option should you choose?

A. Cloud Storage

B. Logstash

C. Cloud Monitoring

D. Cloud Logging

E. BigQuery

F. BigTable

ANSWER27:

D

Notes/References27:

Cloud Monitoring is made to handle metrics, not logs. Logstash is not a managed service. And while you could store application logs in almost any storage service, the Cloud Logging service–aka Stackdriver Logging–is purpose-built to accept and process application logs from many different sources. Oh, and you should also be comfortable dealing with products and services by names other than their current official ones. For example, “GKE” used to be called “Container Engine”, “Cloud Build” used to be “Container Builder”, the “GCP Marketplace” used to be called “Cloud Launcher”, and so on. 

Reference: Cloud Logging | Google Cloud

Question 28: You need a place to store images before serving them from AppEngine Standard. Which of the following options will you choose?

A. Compute Engine

B. Cloud Filestore

C. Cloud Storage

D. Persistent Disk

E. Container Registry

F. Cloud Source Repositories

G. Cloud Build

H. Nearline

ANSWER28:

C

Notes/References28:

There are several different kinds of “images” that you might need to consider–maybe they are normal picture-image files, maybe they are Docker container images, maybe VM or disk images, or maybe something else. In this question, “images” refers to picture files, because that’s something that you would serve from a web server product like AppEngine Standard, so we eliminate Cloud Build (which isn’t actually for storage, at all) and the other two CI/CD products: Cloud Source Repositories and Container Registry. You definitely could store image files on Cloud Filestore or Persistent Disk, but you can’t hook those up to AppEngine Standard, so those options need to be eliminated, too. The only options left are both types of Cloud Storage, but since “Cloud Storage” sits next to “Coldline” as an option, we can confidently infer that the former refers to the “Standard” storage class. Since the question implies that these images will be served by AppEngine Standard, we would prefer to use the Standard storage class over the Coldline one–so there’s our answer. 

Reference: The App Engine Standard Environment Cloud Storage: Object Storage | Google Cloud Storage classes | Cloud Storage | Google Cloud

Question 29: You need to ensure low-latency global access to data stored in a multi-regional GCS bucket. Data access is uniform across many objects and relatively low. What should you do to address the latency concerns?

A. Use a global Cloud Spanner instance.

B. Change the storage class to multi-regional.

C. Use Google’s Cloud CDN.

D. Migrate the data to a new regional GCS bucket.

E. Do nothing.

F. Use global BigTable storage.

ANSWER29:

E

Notes/References29:

Cloud Functions cannot be used to affect GCS data access, so that option is simply wrong. BigTable does not have any “global” mode, so that option is wrong, too. Cloud Spanner is not a good replacement for GCS data: the data use cases are different enough that we can assume it would probably not be a good fit. You cannot change a bucket’s location after it has been created–not via the storage class nor any other way; you would have to migrate the data to a new bucket. But migrating the data to a regional bucket only helps when the data access will primarily be from that region. Google’s Cloud CDN is very easy to turn on, but it does only work for data that comes from within GCP and only if the objects are being accessed frequently enough to get cached based on previous requests. Because the access per object is so low, Cloud CDN won’t really help. This then brings us back to the question. Now, it may seem implied, but the question does not specifically state that there is currently a problem with latency, only that you need to ensure low latency–and we are already using what would be the best fit for this situation: a multi-regional CS bucket. 

Reference: Google Cloud Storage : What bucket class for the best performance?

Question 30: You need to ensure low-latency GCP access to a volume of historical data that is currently stored in an S3 bucket. Data access is uniform across many objects and relatively high. What should you do to address the latency concerns?

A. Use Premium Tier routing and Cloud Functions to accelerate access at the edges.

B. Use Google’s Cloud CDN.

C. Use global BigTable storage.

D. Do nothing.

E. Migrate the data to a new multi-regional GCS bucket.

F. Use a global Cloud Spanner instance.

ANSWER30:

E

Notes/References30:

Cloud Functions cannot be used to affect GCS data access, so that option is simply wrong. BigTable does not have any “global” mode, so that option is wrong, too. Cloud Spanner is not a good replacement for GCS data: the data use cases are different enough that we can assume it would probably not be a good fit–and it would likely be unnecessarily expensive. You cannot change a bucket’s location after it has been created–not via the storage class nor any other way; you would have to migrate the data to a new bucket. Google’s Cloud CDN is very easy to turn on, but it does only work for data that comes from within GCP and only if the objects are being accessed frequently enough. So even if you would want to use Cloud CDN, you have to migrate the data into a GCS bucket first, so that’s a better option. 

Reference: Google Cloud Storage : What bucket class for the best performance?

Question 31: You are lifting and shifting into GCP a system that uses a subnet-based security model. It has frontend and backend tiers and will be deployed in three regions. How many subnets will you need?

A. Six

B. One

C. Three

D. Four

E. Two

F. Nine

ANSWER31:

A

Notes/References31:

A single subnet spans and can be used across all zones in a single region, but you will need different subnets in different regions. Also, to implement subnet-level network security, you need to separate each tier into its own subnet. In this case, you have two tiers which will each need their own subnet in each of the three regions in which you will deploy this system. 

Reference: VPC network overview | Google Cloud Best practices and reference architectures for VPC design | Solutions

Question 32: You need a place to produce images before deploying them to AppEngine Flex. Which of the following options will you choose?

A. Container Registry

B. Cloud Storage

C. Persistent Disk

D. Nearline

E. Cloud Source Repositories

F. Cloud Build

G. Cloud Filestore

H. Compute Engine

ANSWER32:

F

Notes/References32:

There are several different kinds of “images” that you might need to consider–maybe they are normal picture-image files, maybe they are Docker container images, maybe VM or disk images, or maybe something else. In this question, “deploying [these images] to AppEngine Flex” lets us know that we are dealing with Docker container images, and thus although they would likely be stored in the Container Registry, after being built, this question asks us where that building might happen, which is Cloud Build. Cloud Build, which used to be called Container Builder, is ideal for building container images–though it can also be used to build almost any artifacts, really. You could also do this on Compute Engine, but that option requires much more work to manage and is therefore worse. 

Reference: Google App Engine flexible environment docs | Google Cloud Container Registry | Google Cloud

Question 33: You are lifting and shifting into GCP a system that uses a subnet-based security model. It has frontend, app, and data tiers and will be deployed in three regions. How many subnets will you need?

A. Two

B. One

C. Three

D. Nine

E. Four

F. Six

ANSWER33:

D

Notes/References33:

A single subnet spans and can be used across all zones in a single region, but you will need different subnets in different regions. Also, to implement subnet-level network security, you need to separate each tier into its own subnet. In this case, you have three tiers which will each need their own subnet in each of the three regions in which you will deploy this system. 

Reference: VPC network overview | Google Cloud Best practices and reference architectures for VPC design | Solutions

Question 34: You need a place to store images in case any of them are needed as evidence for a tax audit over the next seven years. Which of the following options will you choose?

A. Cloud Filestore

B. Coldline

C. Nearline

D. Persistent Disk

E. Cloud Source Repositories

F. Cloud Storage

G. Container Registry

ANSWER34:

B

Notes/References34:

There are several different kinds of “images” that you might need to consider–maybe they are normal picture-image files, maybe they are Docker container images, maybe VM or disk images, or maybe something else. In this question, “images” probably refers to picture files, and so Cloud Storage seems like an interesting option. But even still, when “Cloud Storage” is used without any qualifier, it generally refers to the “Standard” storage class, and this question also offers other storage classes as response options. Because the images in this scenario are unlikely to be used more than once a year (we can assume that taxes are filed annually and there’s less than 100% chance of being audited), the right storage class is Coldline. 

Reference: Cloud Storage: Object Storage | Google Cloud Storage classes | Cloud Storage | Google Cloud

Question 35: You need a place to store images before deploying them to AppEngine Flex. Which of the following options will you choose?

A. Container Registry

B. Cloud Filestore

C. Cloud Source Repositories

D. Persistent Disk

E. Cloud Storage

F. Code Build

G. Nearline

ANSWER35:

A

Notes/References35:

Compute Engine is not a storage product and should be eliminated. There are several different kinds of “images” that you might need to consider–maybe they are normal picture-image files, maybe they are Docker container images, maybe VM or disk images, or maybe something else. In this question, “deploying [these images] to AppEngine Flex” lets us know that we are dealing with Docker container images, and thus they would likely have been stored in the Container Registry. 

Reference: Google App Engine flexible environment docs | Google Cloud Container Registry | Google Cloud

Question 36: You are configuring a SaaS security application that updates your network’s allowed traffic configuration to adhere to internal policies. How should you set this up?

A. Install the application on a new appropriately-sized GCE instance running in your host VPC, and apply a read-only service account to it.

B. Create a new service account for the app to use and grant it the compute.networkViewer role on the production VPC.

C. Create a new service account for the app to use and grant it the compute.securityAdmin role on the production VPC.

D. Run the application as a container in your system’s staging GKE cluster and grant it access to a read-only service account.

E. Install the application on a new appropriately-sized GCE instance running in your host VPC, and let it use the default service account.

ANSWER36:

C

Notes/References36:

You do not install a Software-as-a-Service application yourself; instead, it runs on the vendor's own hardware and you configure it for external access. Service accounts are great for this, as they can be used externally and you maintain full control over them (disabling them, rotating their keys, etc.). The principle of least privilege dictates that you should not give any application more ability than it needs, but this app does need to make changes, so you'll need to grant securityAdmin, not networkViewer. 

Reference: VPC network overview | Google Cloud Best practices and reference architectures for VPC design | Solutions Understanding roles | Cloud IAM Documentation | Google Cloud

Question 37: You are lifting and shifting into GCP a system that uses a subnet-based security model. It has frontend and backend tiers and will be deployed across three zones. How many subnets will you need?

A. One

B. Six

C. Four

D. Three

E. Nine

ANSWER37:

F

Notes/References37:

A single subnet spans and can be used across all zones in a given region. But to implement subnet-level network security, you need to separate each tier into its own subnet. In this case, you have two tiers, so you only need two subnets. 

Reference: VPC network overview | Google Cloud Best practices and reference architectures for VPC design | Solutions

Question 38: You have been tasked with setting up a system to comply with corporate standards for container image approvals. Which of the following is your best choice for this project?

A. Binary Authorization

B. Cloud IAM

C. Security Key Enforcement

D. Cloud SCC

E. Cloud KMS

ANSWER38:

A

Notes/References38:

Cloud KMS is Google's product for managing encryption keys. Security Key Enforcement is about making sure that people's accounts do not get taken over by attackers, not about managing encryption keys. Cloud IAM is about managing what identities (both humans and services) can access in GCP. Cloud DLP–or Data Loss Prevention–is for preventing data loss by scanning for and redacting sensitive information. Cloud SCC–the Security Command Center–centralizes security information so you can manage it all in one place. Binary Authorization is about making sure that only properly-validated containers can run in your environments. 

Reference: Cloud Key Management Service | Google Cloud Cloud IAM | Google Cloud Cloud Data Loss Prevention | Google Cloud Security Command Center | Google Cloud Binary Authorization | Google Cloud Security Key Enforcement – 2FA

Question 39: For this question, refer to the Company B‘s case study. Which of the following are most likely to impact the operations of Company B’s game backend and analytics systems?

A. PCI

B. PII

C. SOX

D. GDPR

E. HIPAA

ANSWER39:

B and D

Notes/References39:

There is no patient/health information, so HIPAA does not apply. It would be a very bad idea to put payment card information directly into these systems, so we should assume they’ve not done that–therefore the Payment Card Industry (PCI) standards/regulations should not affect normal operation of these systems. Besides, it’s entirely likely that they never deal with payments directly, anyway–choosing to offload that to the relevant app stores for each mobile platform. Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) is about proper management of financial records for publicly traded companies and should therefore not apply to these systems. However, these systems are likely to contain some Personally-Identifying Information (PII) about the users who may reside in the European Union and therefore the EU’s General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) will apply and may require ongoing operations to comply with the “Right to be Forgotten/Erased”. 

Reference: Sarbanes–Oxley Act – Wikipedia Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard – Wikipedia Personal data – Wikipedia Personal data – Wikipedia

Question 40: Your new client has advised you that their organization falls within the scope of HIPAA. What can you infer about their information systems?

A. Their customers located in the EU may require them to delete their user data and provide evidence of such.

B. They will also need to pass a SOX audit.

C. They handle money-linked information.

D. Their system deals with medical information.

ANSWER40:

D

Notes/References40:

SOX stands for Sarbanes Oxley and is US regulation governing financial reporting for publicly-traded companies. HIPAA–the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996–is US regulation aimed at safeguarding individuals' (i.e. patients’) health information. PCI is the Payment Card Industry, and they have Data Security Standards (DSS) that must be adhered to by systems handling payment information of any of their member brands (which include Visa, Mastercard, and several others). 

Reference: Cloud Compliance & Regulations Resources | Google Cloud

Question 41: Your new client has advised you that their organization needs to pass audits by ISO and PCI. What can you infer about their information systems?

A. They handle money-linked information.

B. Their customers located in the EU may require them to delete their user data and provide evidence of such.

C. Their system deals with medical information.

D. They will also need to pass a SOX audit.

ANSWER42:

A

Notes/References42:

SOX stands for Sarbanes Oxley and is US regulation governing financial reporting for publicly-traded companies. HIPAA–the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996–is US regulation aimed at safeguarding individuals' (i.e. patients’) health information. PCI is the Payment Card Industry, and they have Data Security Standards (DSS) that must be adhered to by systems handling payment information of any of their member brands (which include Visa, Mastercard, and several others). ISO is the International Standards Organization, and since they have so many completely different certifications, this does not tell you much. 

Reference: Cloud Compliance & Regulations Resources | Google Cloud

Question 43: Your new client has advised you that their organization deals with GDPR. What can you infer about their information systems?

A. Their system deals with medical information.

B. Their customers located in the EU may require them to delete their user data and provide evidence of such.

C. They will also need to pass a SOX audit.

D. They handle money-linked information.

ANSWER43:

B

Notes/References43:

SOX stands for Sarbanes Oxley and is US regulation governing financial reporting for publicly-traded companies. HIPAA–the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996–is US regulation aimed at safeguarding individuals' (i.e. patients’) health information. PCI is the Payment Card Industry, and they have Data Security Standards (DSS) that must be adhered to by systems handling payment information of any of their member brands (which include Visa, Mastercard, and several others). 

Reference: Cloud Compliance & Regulations Resources | Google Cloud

Question 44: For this question, refer to the Company C case study. Once Company C has completed their initial cloud migration as described in the case study, which option would represent the quickest way to migrate their production environment to GCP?

A. Apply the strangler pattern to their applications and reimplement one piece at a time in the cloud

B. Lift and shift all servers at one time

C. Lift and shift one application at a time

D. Lift and shift one server at a time

E. Set up cloud-based load balancing then divert traffic from the DC to the cloud system

F. Enact their disaster recovery plan and fail over

ANSWER44:

F

Notes/References44:

The proposed Lift and Shift options are all talking about different situations than Dress4Win would find themselves in, at that time: they’d then have automation to build a complete prod system in the cloud, but they’d just need to migrate to it. “Just”, right? 🙂 The strangler pattern approach is similarly problematic (in this case), in that it proposes a completely different cloud migration strategy than the one they’ve almost completed. Now, if we purely consider the kicker’s key word “quickest”, using the DR plan to fail over definitely seems like it wins. Setting up an additional load balancer and migrating slowly/carefully would take more time. 

Reference: Strangler pattern – Cloud Design Patterns | Microsoft Docs StranglerFigApplication Monolith to Microservices Using the Strangler Pattern – DZone Microservices Understanding Lift and Shift and If It’s Right For You

Question 45: Which of the following commands is most likely to appear in an environment setup script?

A. gsutil mb -l asia gs://${project_id}-logs

B. gcloud compute instances create –zone–machine-type=n1-highmem-16 newvm

C. gcloud compute instances create –zone–machine-type=f1-micro newvm

D. gcloud compute ssh ${instance_id}

E. gsutil cp -r gs://${project_id}-setup ./install

F. gsutil cp -r logs/* gs://${project_id}-logs/${instance_id}/

ANSWER45:

A

Notes/References45:

The context here indicates that “environment” is an infrastructure environment like “staging” or “prod”, not just a particular command shell. In that sort of a situation, it is likely that you might create some core per-environment buckets that will store different kinds of data like configuration, communication, logging, etc. You're not likely to be creating, deleting, or connecting (sshing) to instances, nor copying files to or from any instances. 

Reference: mb – Make buckets | Cloud Storage | Google Cloud cp – Copy files and objects | Cloud Storage | Google Cloud gcloud compute instances | Cloud SDK Documentation | Google Cloud

Question 46: Your developers are working to expose a RESTful API for your company’s physical dealer locations. Which of the following endpoints would you advise them to include in their design?

A. /dealerLocations/get

B. /dealerLocations

C. /dealerLocations/list

D. Source and destination

E. /getDealerLocations

ANSWER46:

B

Notes/References46:

It might not feel like it, but this is in scope and a fair question. Google expects Professional Cloud Architects to be able to advise on designing APIs according to best practices (check the exam guide!). In this case, it's important to know that RESTful interfaces (when properly designed) use nouns for the resources identified by a given endpoint. That, by itself, eliminates most of the listed options. In HTTP, verbs like GET, PUT, and POST are then used to interact with those endpoints to retrieve and act upon those resources. To choose between the two noun-named options, it helps to know that plural resources are generally already understood to be lists, so there should be no need to add another “/list” to the endpoint. 

Reference: RESTful API Design — Step By Step Guide – By

Question 47: Which of the following commands is most likely to appear in an instance shutdown script?

A. gsutil cp -r gs://${project_id}-setup ./install

B. gcloud compute instances create –zone–machine-type=n1-highmem-16 newvm

C. gcloud compute ssh ${instance_id}

D. gsutil mb -l asia gs://${project_id}-logs

E. gcloud compute instances delete ${instance_id}

F. gsutil cp -r logs/* gs://${project_id}-logs/${instance_id}/

G. gcloud compute instances create –zone–machine-type=f1-micro newvm

ANSWER47:

F

Notes/References47:

The startup and shutdown scripts run on an instance at the time when that instance is starting up or shutting down. Those situations do not generally call for any other instances to be created, deleted, or connected (sshed) to. Also, those would be a very unusual time to make a Cloud Storage bucket, since buckets are the overall and highly-scalable containers that would likely hold the data for all (or at least many) instances in a given project. That said, instance shutdown time may be a time when you'd want to copy some final logs from the instance into some project-wide bucket. (In general, though, you really want to be doing that kind of thing continuously and not just at shutdown time, in case the instance shuts down unexpectedly and not in an orderly fashion that runs your shutdown script.)

Reference:  Running startup scripts | Compute Engine Documentation | Google Cloud Running shutdown scripts | Compute Engine Documentation | Google Cloud cp – Copy files and objects | Cloud Storage | Google Cloud gcloud compute instances | Cloud SDK Documentation | Google Cloud

Question 48: It is Saturday morning and you have been alerted to a serious issue in production that is both reducing availability to 95% and corrupting some data. Your monitoring tools noticed the issue 5 minutes ago and it was just escalated to you because the on-call tech in line before you did not respond to the page. Your system has an RPO of 10 minutes and an RTO of 120 minutes, with an SLA of 90% uptime. What should you do first?

A. Escalate the decision to the business manager responsible for the SLA

B. Take the system offline

C. Revert the system to the state it was in on Friday morning

D. Investigate the cause of the issue

ANSWER48:

B

Notes/References48:

The data corruption is your primary concern, as your Recovery Point Objective allows only 10 minutes of data loss and you may already have lost 5. (The data corruption means that you may well need to roll back the data to before that started happening.) It might seem crazy, but you should as quickly as possible stop the system so that you do not lose any more data. It would almost certainly take more time than you have left in your RPO to properly investigate and address the issue, but you should then do that next, during the disaster response clock set by your Recovery Time Objective. Escalating the issue to a business manager doesn't make any sense. And neither does it make sense to knee-jerk revert the system to an earlier state unless you have some good indication that doing so will address the issue. Plus, we'd better assume that “revert the system” refers only to the deployment and not the data, because rolling the data back that far would definitely violate the RPO. 

Reference: Disaster recovery – Wikipedia

Question 49: Which of the following are not processes or practices that you would associate with DevOps?

A. Raven-test the candidate

B. Obfuscate the code

C. Only one of the other options is made up

D. Run the code in your cardinal environment

E. Do a canary deploy

ANSWER49:

A and D

Notes/References49:

Testing your understanding of development and operations in DevOps. In particular, you need to know that a canary deploy is a real thing and it can be very useful to identify problems with a new change you're making before it is fully rolled out to and therefore impacts everyone. You should also understand that “obfuscating” code is a real part of a release process that seeks to protect an organization's source code from theft (by making it unreadable by humans) and usually happens in combination with “minification” (which improves the speed of downloading and interpreting/running the code). On the other hand, “raven-testing” isn't a thing, and neither is a “cardinal environment”. Those bird references are just homages to canary deployments.

Reference: Intro to deployment strategies: blue-green, canary, and more – DEV Community ‍‍

Question 50: Your CTO is going into budget meetings with the board, next month, and has asked you to draw up plans to optimize your GCP-based systems for capex. Which of the following options will you prioritize in your proposal?

A. Object lifecycle management

B. BigQuery Slots

C. Committed use discounts

D. Sustained use discounts

E. Managed instance group autoscaling

F. Pub/Sub topic centralization

ANSWER50:

B and C

Notes/References50:

Pub/Sub usage is based on how much data you send through it, not any sort of “topic centralization” (which isn't really a thing). Sustained use discounts can reduce costs, but that's not really something you structure your system around. Now, most organizations prefer to turn Capital Expenditures into Operational Expenses, but since this question is instead asking you to prioritize CapEx, we need to consider the remaining options from the perspective of “spending” (or maybe reserving) defined amounts of money up-front for longer-term use. (Fair warning, though: You may still have some trouble classifying some cloud expenses as “capital” expenditures). With that in mind, GCE's Committed Use Discounts do fit: you “buy” (reserve/prepay) some instances ahead of time and then not have to pay (again) for them as you use them (or don't use them; you've already paid). BigQuery Slots are a similar flat-rate pricing model: you pre-purchase a certain amount of BigQuery processing capacity and your queries use that instead of the on-demand capacity. That means you won't pay more than you planned/purchased, but your queries may finish rather more slowly, too. Managed instance group autoscaling and object lifecycle management can help to reduce costs, but they are not really about capex. 

Reference: CapEx vs OpEx: Capital Expenses and Operating Expenses Explained – BMC Blogs Sustained use discounts | Compute Engine Documentation | Google Cloud Committed use discounts | Compute Engine Documentation | Google Cloud Slots | BigQuery | Google Cloud Autoscaling groups of instances | Compute Engine Documentation Object Lifecycle Management | Cloud Storage | Google Cloud

Question 51: In your last retrospective, there was significant disagreement voiced by the members of your team about what part of your system should be built next. Your scrum master is currently away, but how should you proceed when she returns, on Monday?

A. The scrum master is the one who decides

B. The lead architect should get the final say

C. The product owner should get the final say

D. You should put it to a vote of key stakeholders

E. You should put it to a vote of all stakeholders

ANSWER51:

C

Notes/References51:

In Scrum, it is the Product Owner's role to define and prioritize (i.e. set order for) the product backlog items that the dev team will work on. If you haven't ever read it, the Scrum Guide is not too long and quite valuable to have read at least once, for context. 

Reference: Scrum Guide | Scrum Guides

Question 52: Your development team needs to evaluate the behavior of a new version of your application for approximately two hours before committing to making it available to all users. Which of the following strategies will you suggest?

A. Split testing

B. Red-Black

C. A/B

D. Canary

E. Rolling

F. Blue-Green

G. Flex downtime

ANSWER52:

D and E

Notes/References52:

A Blue-Green deployment, also known as a Red-Black deployment, entails having two complete systems set up and cutting over from one of them to the other with the ability to cut back to the known-good old one if there’s any problem with the experimental new one. A canary deployment is where a new version of an app is deployed to only one (or a very small number) of the servers, to see whether it experiences or causes trouble before that version is rolled out to the rest of the servers. When the canary looks good, a Rolling deployment can be used to update the rest of the servers, in-place, one after another to keep the overall system running. “Flex downtime” is something I just made up, but it sounds bad, right? A/B testing–also known as Split testing–is not generally used for deployments but rather to evaluate two different application behaviours by showing both of them to different sets of users. Its purpose is to gather higher-level information about how users interact with the application. 

Reference: BlueGreenDeployment design patterns – What's the difference between Red/Black deployment and Blue/Green Deployment? – Stack Overflow design patterns – What's the difference between Red/Black deployment and Blue/Green Deployment? – Stack Overflow What is rolling deployment? – Definition from WhatIs.com A/B testing – Wikipedia

Question 53: You are mentoring a Junior Cloud Architect on software projects. Which of the following “words of wisdom” will you pass along?

A. Identifying and fixing one issue late in the product cycle could cost the same as handling a hundred such issues earlier on

B. Hiring and retaining 10X developers is critical to project success

C. A key goal of a proper post-mortem is to identify what processes need to be changed

D. Adding 100% is a safe buffer for estimates made by skilled estimators at the beginning of a project

E. A key goal of a proper post-mortem is to determine who needs additional training

ANSWER53:

A and C

Notes/References53:

There really can be 10X (and even larger!) differences in productivity between individual contributors, but projects do not only succeed or fail because of their contributions. Bugs are crazily more expensive to find and fix once a system has gone into production, compared to identifying and addressing that issue right up front–yes, even 100x. A post-mortem should not focus on blaming an individual but rather on understanding the many underlying causes that led to a particular event, with an eye toward how such classes of problems can be systematically prevented in the future. 

Reference: 403 Forbidden 403 Forbidden Google – Site Reliability Engineering The Cone of Uncertainty

Question 54: Your team runs a service with an SLA to achieve p99 latency of 200ms. This month, your service achieved p95 latency of 250ms. What will happen now?

A. The next month’s SLA will be increased.

B. The next month’s SLO will be reduced.

C. Your client(s) will have to pay you extra.

D. You will have to pay your client(s).

E. There is no impact on payments.

F. There is not enough information to make a determination.

ANSWER54:

D

Notes/References54:

It would be highly unusual for clients to have to pay extra, even if the service performs better than agreed by the SLA. SLAs generally set out penalties (i.e. you pay the client) for below-standard performance. While SLAs are external-facing, SLOs are internal-facing and do not generally relate to performance penalties. Neither SLAs nor SLOs are adaptively changed just because of one month’s performance; such changes would have to happen through rather different processes. A p99 metric is a tougher measure than p95, and p95 is tougher than p90–so meeting the tougher measure would surpass a required SLA, but meeting a weaker measure would not give enough information to say. 

Reference: What's the Difference Between DevOps and SRE? (class SRE implements DevOps) – YouTube Percentile rank – Wikipedia

Question 55: Your team runs a service with an SLO to achieve p90 latency of 200ms. This month, your service achieved p95 latency of 250ms. What will happen now?

A. The next month’s SLA will be increased.

B. There is no impact on payments.

C. There is not enough information to make a determination.

D. Your client(s) will have to pay you extra.

E. The next month’s SLO will be reduced.

F. You will have to pay your client(s).

ANSWER55:

B

Notes/References55:

It would be highly unusual for clients to have to pay extra, even if the service performs better than agreed by the SLA. SLAs generally set out penalties (i.e. you pay the client) for below-standard performance. While SLAs are external-facing, SLOs are internal-facing and do not generally relate to performance penalties. Neither SLAs nor SLOs are adaptively changed just because of one month’s performance; such changes would have to happen through rather different processes. A p99 metric is a tougher measure than p95, and p95 is tougher than p90–so meeting the tougher measure would surpass a required SLA, but meeting a weaker measure would not give enough information to say. 

Reference: What's the Difference Between DevOps and SRE? (class SRE implements DevOps) – YouTube Percentile rank – Wikipedia

Question 56: For this question, refer to the Company C case study. How would you recommend Company C address their capacity and utilization concerns?

A. Configure the autoscaling thresholds to follow changing load

B. Provision enough servers to handle trough load and offload to Cloud Functions for higher demand

C. Run cron jobs on their application servers to scale down at night and up in the morning

D. Use Cloud Load Balancing to balance the traffic highs and lows

D. Run automated jobs in Cloud Scheduler to scale down at night and up in the morning

E. Provision enough servers to handle peak load and sell back excess on-demand capacity to the marketplace

ANSWER56:

A

Notes/References56:

The case study notes, “Our traffic patterns are highest in the mornings and weekend evenings; during other times, 80% of our capacity is sitting idle.” Cloud Load Balancing could definitely scale itself to handle this type of load fluctuation, but it would not do anything to address the issue of having enough application server capacity. Provisioning servers to handle peak load is generally inefficient, but selling back excess on-demand capacity to the marketplace just isn’t a thing, so that option must be eliminated, too. Using Cloud Functions would require a different architectural approach for their application servers and it is generally not worth the extra work it would take to coordinate workloads across Cloud Functions and GCE–in practice, you’d just use one or the other. It is possible to manually effect scaling via automated jobs like in Cloud Scheduler or cron running somewhere (though cron running everywhere could create a coordination nightmare), but manual scaling based on predefined expected load levels is far from ideal, as capacity would only very crudely match demand. Rather, it is much better to configure the managed instance group’s autoscaling to follow demand curves–both expected and unexpected. A properly-architected system should rise to the occasion of unexpectedly going viral, and not fall over. 

Reference: Load Balancing | Google Cloud Google Cloud Platform Marketplace Solutions Cloud Functions | Google Cloud Cloud Scheduler | Google Cloud

Google Cloud Latest News, Questions and Answers online:

Cloud Run vs App Engine: In a nutshell, you give Google’s Cloud Run a Docker container containing a webserver. Google will run this container and create an HTTP endpoint. All the scaling is automatically done for you by Google. Cloud Run depends on the fact that your application should be stateless. This is because Google will spin up multiple instances of your app to scale it dynamically. If you want to host a traditional web application this means that you should divide it up into a stateless API and a frontend app.

With Google’s App Engine you tell Google how your app should be run. The App Engine will create and run a container from these instructions. Deploying with App Engine is super easy. You simply fill out an app.yml file and Google handles everything for you.

With Cloud Run, you have more control. You can go crazy and build a ridiculous custom Docker image, no problem! Cloud Run is made for Devops engineers, App Engine is made for developers. Read more here…

Cloud Run VS Cloud Functions: What to consider?

The best choice depends on what you want to optimize, your use-cases and your specific needs.

If your objective is the lowest latency, choose Cloud Run.

Indeed, Cloud Run use always 1 vCPU (at least 2.4Ghz) and you can choose the memory size from 128Mb to 2Gb.

With Cloud Functions, if you want the best processing performance (2.4Ghz of CPU), you have to pay 2Gb of memory. If your memory footprint is low, a Cloud Functions with 2Gb of memory is overkill and cost expensive for nothing.

Cutting cost is not always the best strategy for customer satisfaction, but business reality may require it. Anyway, it highly depends of your use-case

Both Cloud Run and Cloud Function round up to the nearest 100ms. As you could play with the GSheet, the Cloud Functions are cheaper when the processing time of 1 request is below the first 100ms. Indeed, you can slow the Cloud Functions vCPU, with has for consequence to increase the duration of the processing but while staying under 100ms if you tune it well. Thus less Ghz/s are used and thereby you pay less.

the cost comparison between Cloud Functions and Cloud Run goes further than simply comparing a pricing list. Moreover, on your projects, you often will have to use the 2 solutions for taking advantage of their strengths and capabilities.

My first choice for development is Cloud Run. Its portability, its testability, its openess on the libraries, the languages and the binaries confer it too much advantages for, at least, a similar pricing, and often with a real advantage in cost but also in performance, in particular for concurrent requests. Even if you need the same level of isolation of Cloud functions (1 instance per request), simply set the concurrent param to 1!

In addition, the GA of Cloud Run is applied on all containers, whatever the languages and the binaries used. Read more here…

What does the launch of Google’s App Maker mean for professional app developers?

Should I go with AWS Elastic Beanstalk or Google App Engine (Managed VMs) for deploying my Parse-Server backend?

Why can a company such as Google sell me a cloud gaming service where I can “rent” GPU power over miles of internet, but when I seek out information on how to create a version of this everyone says that it is not possible or has too much latency?

AWS wins hearts of developers while Azure those of C-levels. Google is a black horse with special expertise like K8s and ML. The cloud world is evolving. Who is the winner in the next 5 years?

What is GCP (Google Cloud Platform) and how does it work?

What is the maximum amount of storage that you could have in your Google drive?

How do I deploy Spring Boot application (Web MVC) on Google App Engine(GAE) or HEROKU using Eclipse IDE?

What are some downsides of building softwares on top of Google App Engine?

Why is Google losing the cloud computing race?

How did new products like Google Drive, Microsoft SkyDrive, Yandex.Disk and other cloud storage solutions affect Dropbox’s growth and revenues?

What is the capacity of Google servers?

What is the Hybrid Cloud platform?

What is the difference between Docker and Google App engines?

How do I get to cloud storage?

How does Google App Engine compare to Heroku?

What is equivalent of Google Cloud BigTable in Microsoft Azure?

How big is the storage capacity of Google organization and who comes second?

It seems strange that Google Cloud Platform offer “everything” except cloud search/inverted index?

Where are the files on Google Drive stored?

Is Google app engine similar to lambda?

Was Diane Greene a failure as the CEO of Google Cloud considering her replacement’s strategy and philosophy is the polar opposite?

How is Google Cloud for heavy real-time traffic? Is there any optimization needed for handling more than 100k RT?

When it comes to iCloud, why does Apple rely on Google Cloud instead of using their own data centers?

Google Cloud Storage : What bucket class for the best performance?: Multiregional buckets perform significantly better for cross-the-ocean fetches, however the details are a bit more nuanced than that. The performance is dominated by the latency of physical distance between the client and the cloud storage bucket.

  • If caching is on, and your access volume is high enough to take advantage of caching, there’s not a huge difference between the two offerings (that I can see with the tests). This shows off the power of Google’s Awesome CDN environment.
  • If caching is off, or the access volume is low enough that you can’t take advantage of caching, then the performance overhead is dominated directly by physics. You should be trying to get the assets as close to the clients as possible, while also considering cost, and the types of redundancy and consistency you’ll need for your data needs.

Top- high paying certifications:

  1. Google Certified Professional Cloud Architect – $139,529
  2. PMP® – Project Management Professional – $135,798
  3. Certified ScrumMaster® – $135,441
  4. AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate – $132,840
  5. AWS Certified Developer – Associate – $130,369
  6. Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE): Server Infrastructure – $121,288
  7. ITIL® Foundation – $120,566
  8. CISM – Certified Information Security Manager – $118,412
  9. CRISC – Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control – $117,395
  10. CISSP – Certified Information Systems Security Professional – $116,900
  11. CEH – Certified Ethical Hacker – $116,306
  12. Citrix Certified Associate – Virtualization (CCA-V) – $113,442
  13. CompTIA Security+ – $110,321
  14. CompTIA Network+ – $107,143
  15. Cisco Certified Networking Professional (CCNP) Routing and Switching – $106,957

According to the 2020 Global Knowledge report, the top-paying cloud certifications for the year are (drumroll, please):

1- Google Certified Professional Cloud Architect — $175,761

2- AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate — $149,446

3- AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner — $131,465

4- Microsoft Certified: Azure Fundamentals — $126,653

5- Microsoft Certified: Azure Administrator Associate — $125,993

Sources:

1- Google Cloud

2- Linux Academy

3- WhizLabs

4- GCP Space on Quora

5- Udemy

6- Acloud Guru

7. Question and Answers are sent to us by good people all over the world.

List of the most commonly recurring words in Video Game Titles – Mobile Game Name Generator

Top reoccurring words in video games titles

The Cloud is the future: Get Certified now.

A video game is an electronic game that can be played on a computing device, such as a personal computer, gaming console or mobile phone. Depending on the platform, video games can be subcategorized into computer games and console games.

Some of the major players in the video gaming industry are TencentSony and Apple, each generating billions of dollars in revenue every year, making them some of the most successful public companies in terms of gaming revenue. Sony’s PlayStation 4 is the bestseller among current generation consoles and, in 2020, the unit sales of the PlayStation 4 reached more than 112 million units.

While 24 percent don’t play video games at all, almost 18 percent spend more than six hours per week playing video games. Some of the favorite video game genres in 2020 included action, strategy, and action-adventure. The most popular store for hard copy video games was GameStop, while Amazon was the most popular store for digital/online video game purchases.

Reddit /u/BDMayhem analyzed 4000 “hardcore” mobile games for Android, and made a list of the most commonly recurring words in the Game Titles.

The Leader Board (Top 100)

  1. _ of _ – 523 [The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild – Nintendo Switch, The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel IV – Frontline Edition – PlayStation 4, Call of Duty, etc..]
    1. _ of the _ – 123 [The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild – Nintendo Switch [Digital Code], Legends of the phoenix, etc…]
  2. heroes – 334 [ My heroes one’s Justice 2 Xbox one, MineCraft Dundgeon Hero , My heroes one’s Justice 2 Nintendo Switch, etc….]
  3. adventure – 295 [Ring Fit Adventure – Nintendo Switch, Dinosaur adventures 3-D, Disneyland Adventures Xbox-one, etc…]
  4. war – 200 [Star Wars Battlefront (PS4), Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War – Cross-Gen Bundle – Xbox Series X [Digital Code], etc…]
  5. battle – 146 [A.O.T.2 Final Battle (PS4), Spongebob SquarePants: Battle for Bikini Bottom – Rehydrated (Nintendo Switch), Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time – Switch [Digital Code], etc..]
  6. legend – 139 [Apex legends, At Games Legends Flashback Boom!, Legends of the Phoenix, etc…]
  7. dragon – 138 [Dragon Ball FighterZ (Nintendo Switch), Dragon Ball Xenoverse 2 – PlayStation 4 Standard Edition, Dragons Dawn of New Riders (PS4), etc…]
  8. monster – 88 [Monster Jam Steel Titans PS4, Monster Truck Championship PS4, Monster Hunter world – Xbox one, etc…]
  9. kingdom – 86 [Kingdom Hearts Melody of Memory – Nintendo Switch, Kingdom Hearts All-In-One Package – PlayStation 4, Kingdoms of Amalur Re-Reckoning – PC Standard Edition, etc..]
  10. 3D – 79 [Super Mario 3D world + Browser Fury – Nintendo Switch, Pet Vet 3D: Animal Hospital – Triple Treat [Download], etc…]
  11. rpg – 75 [Knights and Dragons – RPG, TOI:Fallen Knight (RPG), Blade Master – Mini Action RPG Game, etc..]
  12. mobile – 74 [PUBG MOBILE METRO ROYALE, Lord mobile, etc..]
  13. fantasy – 73 [SWITCH FINAL FANTASY VII AND VIII REMASTERED TWIN PACK, Granblue Fantasy: Versus – Premium Edition – PlayStation 4, etc…]
  14. knights – 71 [Knights and Dragons – RPG, TOI:Fallen Knight (RPG), Soul Knight, etc..]
  15. dungeon – 67 [Dungeon Hunter 5, Dungeon Boss, Minecraft Dungeons Hero Edition – Xbox One, etc..]
  16. soul – 64 [Soul Knight, Grim Soul: Survival, etc…]
  17. zombie – 63 [Zombie Frontier 3: Sniper, Plants Vs. Zombies: Battle for Neighborville – Xbox One, etc…]
  18. quest – 62 [ Kingdom Quest Crimson warden 3D RPG, Costume Quest 2 (Limited Run #309) – PlayStation 4, etc…]
  19. clash – 61 [ Clash of the Cards Card Game, Clash of Clans, Clash Royale, etc…]
  20. game – 59 [ Clash of the Cards Card Game, Trapped in a Video Game: The Complete Series, etc…]
  21. hunter, warriors – 58 [Hunter assassins, Monster Hunter World – Xbox One, warriors of waterdeep, etc…]
  22. world – 57 [world of tanks, world of warships Blitz, World War Z – PlayStation 4, Lego Jurassic World (Nintendo Switch), etc..]
  23. king – 55 [rise of the kings, King‘s Throne, Paper Mario: The Origami King – Nintendo Switch, Peter Jackson’s King Kong – PlayStation 2, etc…]
  24. god – 52 [God Kings, Gods of Olympus, Injustice: Gods Among Us Ultimate Edition – Xbox One, God of War – PlayStation 4 (PS4), etc…]
  25. guardians, league – 51 [Guardian Tales, Rise of the Guardians: The Video Game – Nintendo Wii U by D3 Publisher, Xbox One Halo 5 Guardians Collector’s Master Chief Spartan Locke Statues Figures Display ONLY, GAME NOT INCLUDED, League of Legends, Rocket League Ultimate Edition – PlayStation 4, etc..]
  26. saga – 48 [Candy Crus Saga, Lego Star Wars: The Skywalker Saga Deluxe Edition – PlayStation 4 ,etc..]
  27. age – 47 [Age of war, Ice Age: Scrat’s Nutty Adventure (Nintendo Switch), Hyrule Warriors: Age of Calamity – Nintendo Switch, etc…]
  28. sword – 46 [Beat Sword, Pokémon Sword – Nintendo Switch, Sword Art Online: Fatal Bullet – Xbox One, etc…]
  29. blade, master – 44 [Blade Master – Mini Action RPG Game, X-Blades – Xbox 360, Blade II, Stealth Master – Ninja Killer | Action Game, etc…]
  30. mmorpg – 42 [RPG MO – MMORPG, Forgotten Tales MMORPG, MMO RPG Ancients Reborn – MMORPG, etc…]
  31. arena, empire, magic – 41 [Arena of Valor, Empire: Four Kingdoms, Magic Tiles 3, Barbie Magic Genie Adventure, Empire: Total War – PC, Rocket Arena Mythic Edition – PlayStation 4, etc…]
  32. puzzle, rush, tales – 39 [Magic Jigsaw Puzzles, The Legend of Zelda Collector’s Puzzle, Mario Party Star Rush – Nintendo 3DS, Tunnel Rush Mania – Speed Game, TALES OF CRESTORIA, Tales of Arise – PlayStation 4, Tales of the Abyss – Nintendo 3DS, etc..]
  33. tap – 38 [Zombieland: Double Tap – Roadtrip – PlayStation 4 Standard Edition, Tap Titans 2 – Heroes Attack, etc..]
  34. final, run – 37 [A.O.T.2 Final Battle (PS4), Final Fantasy XV: A New Empire, Temple Run, The Simpsons Hit & Run, etc..]
  35. star, story – 36 [Tank Stars, Nintendo Kirby: Star Allies (Nintendo Switch) – Switch, Toy Story 3 The Video Game – Playstation 3, Words Story, etc..]
  36. city, dark – 35 [City Island 5, LEGO City Undercover – Nintendo Switch, Dark Days: Zombie Survival, The Dark Pictures: Little Hope – PlayStation 4, etc..]
  37. lords, online – 34 [Lords Mobile: Kingdom Wars, LEGO Lord of the Rings – Xbox 360, Modern Strike Online, Sword Art Online: Lost Song – PlayStation 4, etc..]
  38. pocket – 33 [Cute Pocket Cat 3D, Pocket World 3D – Assemble models unique puzzle, etc..]
  39. champions, fighter – 32 [WWE Champions 2020, Bakugan: Champions of Vestroia – Nintendo Switch, City Fighter vs Street Gang, Kirby Fighters 2 Standard – Switch [Digital Code], etc…]
  40. chaos, soccer, strike – 31 [Chaos Battle League – PvP Action Game, Dream League Soccer 2021, Football Strike – Multiplayer Soccer, Sudden Strike 4 – PS4 (Playstation 4) , etc..]
  41. racing, squad, super – 30 [Real Racing 3, Anti Terrorist Squad Shooting – Survival Games, Super Speed Rescue Survival: Flying Hero Games, Super Mario 3D All-Stars – Nintendo Switch, etc…]
  42. chronicle, summoners – 29 [Knights Chronicle, Summoners War, Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Summoner Official Strategy Guide, etc…]
  43. force, titans – 27 [Force Master, Dawn of Titans: War Strategy RPG, Attack on Titan – PlayStation 4, LEGO Star Wars: Force Awakens Deluxe Edition – PlayStation 4, etc..]
  44. epic, lost, storm – 26 [Epic Seven, Lost Continent, Disney Epic Mickey 2: The Power of Two – Nintendo Wii, Naruto Ultimate Ninja Storm Trilogy (PS4), etc…]
  45. X, hearts, legacy, moba, ninja, survival, tactics – 25 [X Games Aspen, Hearts +, Legacy of Discord, CL:Champions Legion | 5v5 MOBA, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Mutants in Manhattan – PlayStation 4, Raft Survival, FINAL FANTASY TACTICS, etc…]
  46. infinite – 24 [Infinite Galaxy, Marvel vs. Capcom: Infinite – Xbox One , etc…]
  47. blood, last, lego, rise – 23 [Bad Blood Battle Royal, Last Pirate: Survival Island Adventure, LEGO® Star Wars™: TFA, Rise of Empires: Ice and Fire, etc…]
  48. brave, dawn, rivals, versus – 22 [Brave Frontier, Dawn of Zombies-Survival after the Last War Online, Rivals at War, Plants vs. Zombies FREE, Versus Video Games 3, etc…]
  49. conquest, dead, football, gun, pirate, racer – 21 [Star Trek: Conquest – Nintendo Wii, DEAD BY DAYLIGHT MOBILE – Multiplayer Horror Game, Football Strike – Multiplayer Soccer, Gun Club 2, Pirate Evolution, Traffic Racer, etc…]
  50. defense, demon, fight, fire, idle, shadow, throne, ultimate – 20 [Sci Fi Tower Defense Offline Game, Demon Slayer Color By Number Pixel Art , Shadow Fight 2, Fire Truck Driving Simulator, Idle Police Tycoon – Cops Game, Shadow Fight 2, Throne: Kingdom at War, Ultimate Car Driving Simulator, etc…]
  51. castle, comm, simulator – 19 [Castle Solitaire: Card Game, War Commander: Rogue Assault, Bus Simulator : Ultimate, Farming Simulator 19 – Windows, etc…]
  52. attack, raiders – 18[Swamp Attack, Attack on Titan – Xbox One, Raiders of the North Sea, Tomb Raider Trilogy, etc…]

Below is a Random Mobile Game Naming Generator

The 20 Most Popular Video Games of 2020

Video Games Q&A & Random Gaming Posts

Video Games as Learning Tool for Kids

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Instead of whining about our kids spending times playing video games, why not leverage video games as a powerful learning platform.

Various educational apps are now packaged as Video games and they have have tremendous success:

  • Prodigy Math Game: Prodigy delivers a unique learning experience through an interactive math game where success depends on correctly answering skill-building math questions. Players can earn rewards, go on quests and play with friends — all while learning new skills!
  • Monster Math 2: Fun Maths game for Kids:  Monster Maths 2 is your child’s personal homework and math trainer. It’s fun learning games, engrossing story and an adaptive learning approach makes it a superior alternative to homework or planned lessons. Lay a solid foundation for success in Algebra or Calculus.

  • GramMars Wars – English Grammar Game: GramMars Wars is an educational game where you can learn and improve your English Grammar.

This list will include 5 great games and the supreme game (at the last).

Number 5: League of Legends

League of Legends in a multiplayer online game similar to Mobile Legends.

As in other multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) games, each player in League of Legends controls a character (“champion”) with a set of unique abilities. Most games involve two teams of five players, with each player using a different champion.

The two teams compete to be the first to destroy the Nexus structure within the opposing base. Over the course of each game, champions become stronger and gain additional abilities by earning experience and thereby levelling up. Experience is earned by killing enemies (or being nearby when a teammate does). Champions also build strength over the course of the game by buying progressively more powerful items using gold, which is earned by killing non-player enemies, killing or assisting in killing enemy players, destroying enemy structures, or selling other items.

Minimum and Recommended System Requirements

Number 4: VALORANT

Valorant (stylized as VALORANT) is a free-to-play multiplayer tactical first-person shooter developed and published by Riot Games, for Microsoft Windows. Valorant is a team-based tactical shooter and first-person shooter set in the near-future. Players play as one of a set of agents, characters designed based on several countries and cultures around the world.

In the main game mode, players are assigned to either the attacking or defending team with each team having five players on it. Agents have unique abilities, each requiring charges, as well as a unique ultimate ability which requires charging through kills, deaths, or spike actions. Every player starts each round with a “classic” pistol and one or more “signature ability” charge. Other weapons and ability charges can be purchased using an in game economic system which awards money based on the outcome of the previous round, any kills the player is responsible for, and any actions taken with the spike. The game has an assortment of weapons including sidearmssubmachine gunsshotgunsmachine gunsassault rifles and sniper rifles. There are automatic and semi-automatic weapons that have a shooting pattern which has to be controlled by the player in order to be able to shoot accurately.

Valorant Minimum Specs

Number 3: Team Fortress 2

Team Fortress 2 is a multiplayer first-person shooter game developed and published by Valve. It is the sequel to the 1996 Team Fortress mod for Quake and its 1999 remake, Team Fortress Classic. It was released in October 2007 as part of The Orange Box video game bundle for Windows and Xbox 360.

PlayStation 3 version followed in December 2007 when The Orange Box was ported to the system.

Later in development, the game was released as a standalone title for Windows in April 2008, and was updated to support Mac OS X in June 2010 and Linux in February 2013. It is distributed online through Valve’s digital retailer Steam, with Electronic Arts handling all physical and console ports of the game.

The player can join one of two teams, RED or BLU, and choose one of 9 character classes to battle in game modes such as capture the flag and king of the hill. Development of the game was led by John Cook and Robin Walker, the developers of the original Team Fortress mod. Team Fortress 2 was first announced in 1998 under the name Team Fortress 2: Brotherhood of Arms. Initially, the game had more realistic, militaristic visuals and gameplay, but this changed over the protracted nine-year development. After Valve released no information for six years, Team Fortress 2 regularly featured in Wired News‘ annual vaporware list among other ignominies. The finished Team Fortress 2 has cartoon-like visuals influenced by the art of J. C. LeyendeckerDean Cornwell, and Norman Rockwell and uses Valve’s Source game engine.

Team Fortress 2 system requirements

Number 2: Bluestacks

Bluestacks app player is a programme that lets you run android games on windows. As of 2020, Bluestacks can run 1.5 million android apps.

I personally use it to play PUBG Mobile, CODM and Frostborn Coop Survival on pc.

Number 1: Fortnite

Fortnite is distributed as three different game modes, using the same engine; each has similar graphics, art assets, and game mechanics.

  • Fortnite: Save the World is a player-versus-environment cooperative game, with four players collaborating towards a common objective on various missions. The game is set after a fluke storm appears across Earth, causing 98% of the population to disappear, and the survivors to be attacked by zombie-like “husks”. The players take the role of commanders of home base shelters, collecting resources, saving survivors, and defending equipment that helps to either collect data on the storm or to push back the storm. From missions, players are awarded a number of in-game items, which include hero characters, weapon and trap schematics, and survivors, all of which can be leveled up through gained experience to improve their attributes.
  • Fortnite Battle Royale is a player-versus-player game for up to 100 players, allowing one to play alone, in a duo, or in a squad (usually consisting of three or four players). Weaponless players airdrop from a “Battle Bus” that crosses the game’s map. When they land, they must scavenge for weapons, items, resources, and even vehicles while trying to stay alive and to attack and eliminate other players. Over the course of a round, the safe area of the map shrinks down in size due to an incoming toxic storm; players outside that threshold take damage and can be eliminated if they fail to quickly evacuate. This forces remaining players into tighter spaces and encourages player encounters. The last player, duo, or squad remaining is the winner.
  • Fortnite Creative is a sandbox game mode, similar to Minecraft in that players are given complete freedom to spawn everything that is within the game on an island, and can create games such as battle arenas, race courses, platforming challenges, and more.

Players can use their pickaxe to knock down existing structures on the map to collect basic resources that are wood, brick, and metal. Subsequently, in all modes, the player can use these materials to build fortifications, such as walls, floors, and stairs. Such fortification pieces can be edited to add things like windows or doors. The materials used have different durability properties and can be updated to stronger variants using more materials of the same type. Within Save the World this enables players to create defensive fortifications around an objective or trap-filled tunnels to lure husks through. In Battle Royale, this provides the means to quickly traverse the map, protect oneself from enemy fire, or to delay an advancing foe. Players are encouraged to be very inventive in designing their fortifications in Creative.

While Battle Royal and Creative are free-to-play, Save the World is pay-to-play. The games are monetized through the use of V-Bucks, in-game currency that can be purchased with real-world funds, but also earned through completing missions and other achievements in Save the World. V-Bucks in Save the World can be used to buy loot boxes, in the form of piñatas shaped like llamas, to gain a random selection of items. In Battle Royale, V-Bucks can be used to buy cosmetic items like character models or the like, or can also be used to purchase the game’s battle pass, a tiered progression of customization rewards for gaining experience and completing certain objectives during the course of a Battle Royale season.

Fortnite System Requirements

You can always play the Fortnite android version on Bluestacks.

Warning: Fortnite android version is not available on the play store. I don’t have time to explain that right now. Please watch a YouTube video on how to download it. (Fortnite Mobile was banned from the play store because Fortnite Mobile started using their own payment system instead of the Google Play one that gave Google 30% of their profit).

The supreme game: Call of Duty®: Warzone

Call of Duty: Warzone, the only free game in the Call of Duty series, is a multiplayer online shooter game.

Warzone features two primary game modes: Battle Royale and Plunder. It is the second main battle royale installment in the Call of Duty franchise, following the “Blackout” mode of Call of Duty: Black Ops 4 (2018). Warzone differs from Black Ops 4 by reducing reliance on equipable gadgets and instead encouraging the accumulation of a new in-game currency called Cash.

Warzone supports up to 150 players in a single match, which exceeds the typical size of 100 players seen in other battle royale titles. Some limited-time modes support 200 players.

The Battle Royale mode is similar to other titles in the genre where players compete in a continuously shrinking map to be the last player remaining. Players parachute onto a large game map, where they encounter other players. As the game progresses and players are eliminated, the playable area shrinks forcing the remaining players into tighter spaces. In Warzone, the non-playable areas become contaminated with a green gas that depletes health and eventually kills the player if they do not return to the safe playable area.

Unlike other titles, Warzone introduces a new respawn mechanic, a greater emphasis on vehicles, and a new in-game currency mechanic. Parachuting is unrestricted, with the player being allowed to open and cut their parachute an unlimited number of times while in air. At launch, the game supported trios (squads of up to three players) with an option to disable squad filling. Infinity Ward has mentioned testing the number of squad members in future updates. Four-player squads and Solo BR modes were added in following updates, while Duos was added near the end of Season 3.

Character death in Battle Royale does not necessarily translate to player defeat like in other titles. Instead, the mode offers a respawn mechanic which players can take advantage of in various ways. Players who are killed are transported to the “Gulag”, where they engage in one-on-one combat with another defeated player, with both players being given the same weaponry. The guns that the players receive have little or no attachments. Players may only enter the gulag after their first death in a match. The winner of this combat is respawned into the game. Other methods of respawn are available using the in-game currency system. Players may use the in-game currency to purchase respawn tokens for other players should they not be revived by the Gulag mechanic.

In the Plunder mode teams have to search for stacks of Cash scattered around the map to accumulate $1 million. Once found, the game goes into overtime, multiplying all Cash sums by 1.5. The team who has gathered the most money when the clock runs out is declared the winner. Players respawn automatically in this gamemode.

In addition to Battle Royale and Plunder, several limited-time modes have been introduced throughout the course of the game’s life cycle:

  • BR Buy Backs (originally called BR Stimulus) is a variation of Battle Royale in which players automatically respawn upon death if they have sufficient money, and the Gulag is disabled.
  • Blood Money is a variation of Plunder in which players gain more cash rewards from completing contracts and performing “finishing moves” (execution kills) on other players.
  • Warzone Rumble is a 50v50 deathmatch type game mode taking place in cut-off sections of the main Verdansk map.
  • Mini Royale is a 50-player mode in which players drop within a smaller circle than normal Battle Royale modes, for more squad engagements.
  • Juggernaut Royale features the Juggernaut killstreak dropping in random places throughout the map. Up to three Juggernauts can be active at once in the map. Once a Juggernaut is killed, another Juggernaut care package will spawn in.
  • Armored Royale features squads spawning in with armored trucks, which players can upgrade to be more powerful over time. Unlike normal modes, players can continue to respawn as long as their squad’s truck is intact.

Call of Duty: Warzone system requirements

Your PC doesn’t meet the system requirements? Don’t worry! Get Ironsight, a graphically scaled down copy of COD Warzone instead.

Bonus Game: slither.io

Slither io is a website based online game where you play as a worm/ snake (I’m not sure) and have to grow bigger by eating the glowing stuff and killing other players and eating their points. You get killed if your head bumps into another player’s body.

Click To Expand

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What is the most terrifying thing from a video game?

Now this is just my view but I think it’s the permadeath mechanic.

Imagine all your precious character stats that you’ve painstakingly built up only for it to be gone.

Just like that.

I can’t imagine the “feeling” of all that hard work going to waste.

My take on this question.

AI-Upscaled 240p Games Have Never Looked This Good NVIDIA’s DLSS 2.0 tech makes gaming even more accessible

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Control 720p vs 1440p DLSS 2.0 NVIDIA
DLSS 2.0 NVIDIA AI rendering
DLSS 2.0 NVIDIA tech comparison vs DLSS 1.0

The Gamification of Learning and Life: Why we must change the way we teach and learn. In 2020 and beyond.

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Video Game Addiction: Can an addiction have a positive side?

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If video gaming is an addiction, there is a huge number of people with it because “The…number of video gamers worldwide in 2018, broken down by region, (indicates)…there were over 1.23 billion gamers in Asia Pacific in 2018, with the region generating 71.4 billion U.S. dollars of revenue in the same year.”

There are approximately 2.2 billion gamers in the world. Out of the estimated 7.6 billion people living on earth, as of July 2018, that means almost a third of people on this planet are gamers.” Video gaming is a big business and enjoyed worldwide.

The Unexpected Benefits of Online Gaming

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Online gaming is allowing me to live adventures in the safety of my own home that I would have never done in real life. It is also teaching me how to think, how to react under pressure, how to analyze dangerous situations and how to work as a team with individuals of various personality traits.
What a time to be alive.

AI is impossible. Gamers demonstrate why.

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We’ve been warned about it: the white-collar apocalypse is on the way. Intellectual labour is under threat. Jobs in fields like medicine, banking, journalism and marketing are about to disappear in a puff of digital smoke. But… is it?

If our business is using natural language, it’s understanding what makes people tick. Intuition is our medium: we wink and nudge, we push the limits of language to get a rapport with people to build trust, empathy and understanding. Our jobs are safe.

The future of mobile gaming!

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What the Future Holds
Let’s look at what the future has in store for mobile gaming. One of the main “problems” this industry has had was the lack of quality and high-end games. This is changing day by day now. 

Cloud Gaming

With the increase of Cloud-Gaming, mobile has become a very valuable option for on the go gaming. With services like Google Stadia, GeForce Now, PlayStation Now, etc. you have a very big variety so you can play all the games you want on that small screen of your phone. Also, 5G will make this process even smoother.

In conclusion, mobile gaming looks to be a very promising field for the future. Even though it might be able to replace PC and console gaming its getting close to it. I can’t say anything for sure, but a bright future lies ahead and we can only wait and see how this will turn out. With the major players that are coming on this market, only good things can happen.

Netflix for Video Games

The video game industry has (not so) quietly undergone a big number of changes: microtransactions, development costs, and competition.

The idea of a “Netflix for video games” is quite simple — a service that allows all people to play high-quality video games on any device through a subscription offering. It still remains uncertain how game streaming will shape up in the end, but reviewing the first attempts to create such a solution, we can identify some patterns.

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The first name that looks like a potential winner of a future platform war is Microsoft. The company has been in the video games market for a long time with its Xbox game consoles (more than 17 years since the original Xbox was launched), which means it has enough experience and capabilities in the field. Microsoft was also the first to offer a comprehensive service for gaming on subscription, namely Xbox Game Pass, which gives access to more than 200 titles for a monthly fee. Regarding portfolio of games, it is interesting that Microsoft has acquired 7 game studios over the last year, suggesting the company is getting ready to create a ton of original content for its offering. In total, the corporation now has about 13 game studios under its management. (There is a detailed article on Microsoft and its potential video games service available here.)

Getting hit by arrows in Assassin’s Creed Valhalla vs Assassin’s Creed 1 from r/gaming

There’s something wrong with the kids in Assassin’s Creed Valhalla

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After 10 years, I started another Bioshock file. It’s crazy how well it holds up. The concept of Rapture the underwater city still fascinates me to this day. What a great game Bioshock is.

r/gaming - After 10 years, I started another Bioshock file. It's crazy how well it holds up. The concept of Rapture the underwater city still fascinates me to this day. What a great game Bioshock is.
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Lol PC won

[AC Vahalla] Surprise, mofo!

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2020 was a dumpster fire, so I made a game where you can pet a dog in VR from r/gaming

I drew my favorite pokemons into Gijinkas from r/gaming

This is what happens when ideas meet corporate opinion and influence – unused concept art for Epic Mickey. from r/gaming

What exactly is meta-gaming in Dungeons & Dragons? Is it bad or good? What are some examples?:

Meta-Gaming is when you make in-game decisions based on out-of-game knowledge. This is mostly a bad thing.

Let’s consider several situations to illustrate the point.

Finding a Trap:

  • The Metagamer goes right to where the trap is located and spams “search” checks until he “finds” it, because he’s played this module before and remembers the trap.
  • The regular player searches the room once, fails, and blithely walks into a trap. Because while he knows it’s there, his character does not.

Do you see how one made a decision based on what he knew, possibly ruined a possible good storytelling moment, and cheated. The other player was able to separate what he knew from what his character knew, and made a decision based on character knowledge only. Sure, he just got lanced by a foot-spike, but everyone is in the moment, committed to the story.

Fighting:

  • The Metagamer plans an L-shaped ambush per Chapter 3–17 b. (2), FM7–8 Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad, adjusted to account for swords, spears, and bows instead of rifles, machineguns, and grenades.
  • The regular gamer remembers his character barely knows which end of a sword to hold, and either lets the fighter plan the ambush, or just waits in the bushes by the trail for the target to get close.

I’ve been guilty of this several times. In my last game, I was literally planning an ambush for some hobgoblins before cutting myself off. “Nope, Katrina doesn’t know any of this,” and shut up.

Monsters:

  • The Metagamer knows the weak-spot of the monster and slams it right off the bat, ruining what could have been an epic fight. He’s memorized the monster manual, and despite his character never before even hearing of this monster, he’s got it’s MO memorized.
  • The regular gamer may or may not know about the monster, but fights it as his character would, because his character doesn’t know that it’s vulnerable to, say, cold.

In my last game, we fought a midlin-small red dragon. As it happened, Katrina had found a ring of fire resistance. Yay! And while I know that Red Dragons do not have a special vulnerability to cold, she assumed they did, and kept peppering it with Ray of Frost. And while it didn’t do extra damage, she did manage to distract it long enough for some teammates to get behind it, especially when it blasted her with fire and she just stood there and took it.

Leveling:

  • When it’s time to level up, the Metagamer makes decisions based on mechanical advantage. He may multiclass or pick up feats based on what he thinks the next adventure will be, or just try to get the biggest ACC, AC, Dam, or whatever he can get. He may multiclass his fighter into a Paladin to pick up Smite, because he thinks they’ll be dealing with undead soon.
  • The regular player levels up based on what makes the most sense for the character. He may also muticlass his fighter into a Paladin, but it’s because he found religion.

Now, for a counter-example. I was in a sci-fi game once, and our ship was damaged. The engines were non-responsive, but Engineering reported they were fully functional. I was playing the Engineer. I deduced that a micro-meteor hit had damaged the control lines, and that the cutout had failed to automatically re-route them to the backups, which I then went to go do manually.

I’m an electronics technician by trade, and I know a bit about naval architecture, and it since I was playing the Engineer, it was totally fine to use Murphy’s Player Knowledge for my Engineer Character. That was not bad metagaming.

Now, some forms of meta-gaming are worse than others. The leveling one doesn’t bother me too much. But other kinds can ruin other player’s fun, and that’s a problem. It cheats people out of the experience, and is goddamn frustrating as a GM.


For more, read The Dungeon Deep

Original question-What exactly is meta-gaming in Dungeons & Dragons? Is it bad or good? What are some examples?

What is your favorite random thing to do in GTA 5?

What universally loved video game did you play but you just couldn’t get into it?

What’s the guiltiest you’ve felt after playing a video game?

Why do gamers and coders always use dark mode?

What makes Java appealing for programming video games?

What are some things we just accept in video games “because they’re video games”?

What is the most disturbing thing you’ve ever seen in a video game?

Are video games really that bad for you?

Why is Minecraft still successful to this day?

Why do game developers put cheat codes in their games?

Will Minecraft ever get old?

Some people say video games are a waste of time, others say it’s some form of relaxation. Do you agree or disagree with that?

If you could bring one thing from a video game into real life, what would it be?

Where would you like the GTA 6 location to be set in?

What are the differences between video game programming and other kinds of programming?

What do you want to be able to do in GTA 6 which wasn’t in GTA V?

Sources: