This blog explores Clever Questions and Answers about Electric Cars – Autonomous Cars – Self driving cars, Tesla, Volt, Wayne, Nissan Leaf, Electric Bikes, e-bikes, i-cars, smart cars, Cyber Trucks, etc…
BNEF outlines that electric vehicles (EVs) will hit 10% of global passenger vehicle sales in 2025, with that number rising to 28% in 2030 and 58% in 2040. According to the study, EVs currently make up 3% of global car sales.
The 5 Levels of Autonomous Vehicles
- Level 0 – No Automation. This describes your everyday car.
- Level 1 – Driver Assistance. Here we can find your adaptive cruise control and lane keep assist to help with driving fatigue.
- Level 2 – Partial Automation.
- Level 3 – Conditional Automation.
- Level 4 – High Automation.
- Level 5 – Full Automation.
ASTON MARTIN RAPIDE E
Secret agent James Bond’s favorite British automaker will take the wraps off it’s its first battery-powered ride by year’s end, and it’s a true exotic sports car. Based on the low-slung Rapide coupe, production will be limited to 155 units worldwide, with a sky-high sticker price. It’s expected to run for around 200 miles on a charge and register a 0-60 mph time of less than four seconds.
Fledgling EV maker Bollinger Motors is ramping up to launch its first model, the B1 for 2020. It’s a decidedly boxy SUV and it looks a lot like a classic Land Rover. It’s built on an aluminum frame and comes with a dual-motor electric all-wheel-drive system. The B1 promises a 200-mile range with 613 horsepower and a strong 668 pound-feet of torque, and is said to tow as much as 7,500 pounds.
Cybertruck is built with an exterior shell made for ultimate durability and passenger protection. Starting with a nearly impenetrable exoskeleton, every component is designed for superior strength and endurance, from Ultra-Hard 30X Cold-Rolled stainless-steel structural skin to Tesla armor glass.
Now entering a new class of strength, speed and versatility—only possible with an all-electric design. The powerful drivetrain and low center of gravity provides extraordinary traction control and torque—enabling acceleration from 0-60 mph in as little as 2.9 seconds and up to 500 miles of range.
- 2021 Tesla CyberTruck Single Motor RWD
- 2021 Tesla CyberTruck Dual Motor AWD
- 2021 Tesla CyberTruck Tri Motor AWD
Tesla CyberTruck Single Motor RWD
- 0-60 MPH <6.5 SECONDS
- RANGE: 250+ MILES (EPA EST.)
- DRIVETRAIN: REAR-WHEEL DRIVE
- Price: $USD 39900
Tesla CyberTruck Dual Motor AWD
- 0-60 MPH <4.5 SECONDS
- RANGE: 300+ MILES (EPA EST.)
- DRIVETRAIN: DUAL MOTOR ALL-WHEEL DRIVE
- Price: $USD 49900
Tesla CyberTruck Tri Motor AWD
- 0-60 MPH <2.9 SECONDS
- RANGE: 500+ MILES (EPA EST.)
- DRIVETRAIN TRI MOTOR ALL-WHEEL DRIVE
- Price: $USD 59900
Pros and Cons of CyberTruck
Cybertruck is a vehicle that has better utility than an F-150, while beating out a Porsche 911 in performance.
Cybertruck is designed with 30X Stainless Steel, which is also used on Starship. Cybertruck uses this material for maximum durability, function, and design.
Cybertruck is a beautiful platform for a wildly futuristic design, which contains insane performance, on-road or off-road, regardless.
Cybertruck contains a beautiful full-width unibrow LED bar for a headlight, evident of form, and function packed into one package. With this headlight, maximum visibility is always present, whether at night, or at day with it’s beautiful Always-On LEDs.
With it’s ability to sprint from 0-60 in under 2.9s and be virtually bulletproof, Cybertruck is the best platform for an advanced, beautiful, technological reliant future.
CONS: Cybertruck hurdles. What are the design and production issues that engineers still have to over come?
- Crash tests/crumple zone.
- Side Mirrors?
- Regulatory approval
- Stainless steel in salty environments.
- Tire size/ range efficiency? Looks cool but….
I realize the shape is actually very efficient to build, ridged and aerodynamic. Looking for feedback.
Absolutely! But I’m looking forward to an even better one — Cybertruck. I fell in love with that beast the moment I saw it, and put down a reservation as quickly as possible. I find myself near the head of a long, long waiting list for this revolutionary vehicle. I hope to take delivery of a tri-motor within the first 5000 off the assembly line.
Even before seeing it up close and in person, I know it will be the best vehicle I’ll ever purchase. It goes beyond what I love about my Model 3 AWD. I don’t think of it as a pickup truck. I would never buy a traditional pickup for as little as I would use it as such. Cybertruck is an all-in-one vehicle. It’s a pickup truck, sure, but it’s also an SUV that seats six and has 100 cu ft of secure, weather protected storage. I plan to use it for wilderness camping in hard to get to places by virtue of its exemplary off-roading capabilities.
I will happily take my Cybertruck on cross country road trips. The self-driving capabilities of Tesla vehicles make long distance cruising an enjoyable experience, devoid of the typical driving fatigue that I’ve always endured traveling in other cars I’ve owned, even my Class B motor-home, which I recently sold. I’m looking forward to spending time in the back country of Alaska with the grizzlies and the moose (safely tucked inside CT, of course).
Cybertruck will be the most durable vehicle I’ve ever owned, as well. That 3mm cold rolled stainless steel exoskeleton is dent proof, bullet proof, and rust proof. The windows are almost impossible to break, and the rolling tonneau cover is strong enough to support the weight of a 200+ lb man.
Cybertruck comes without paint of any kind which is great for squeezing through brush on abandoned logging roads. No need to hold back to avoid scratching the finish. I may have the truck painted, though, just to give it a personalized touch.
My Cybertruck won’t be left unused. It will be my daily driver. Sure, it’s large, but it won’t be like driving one of those behemoths from Detroit. It’s fast and responsive. The air suspension can be lowered to make it easier to get in and out of, improve handling, and reduce aerodynamic drag.
Add to that its 3500 lbs load capacity, its 14,000 lb towing capacity, 500+ mile range, and fast charging at the ever-expanding Tesla Supercharger network, and it’s easy to understand how this vehicle will be the best, and probably the last, vehicle I’ll ever own. Unless I deploy it to the Tesla Network as a robotaxi in a couple of years. Now there’s a money making idea!
KIA SOUL EV
Kia is redesigning its funky/boxy compact full-electric hatchback for 2020 with fresh styling and myriad improvements. A new 64 kWh liquid-cooled lithium ion polymer battery pack should deliver well in excess of 200 miles on a charge. Power will be bumped up to 200 horsepower with 291 pound-feet of torque. It will come with four drive modes and four levels of regenerative braking, including a setting for one-pedal driving.
The EQC is the first in what will be a series of luxury EVs coming from Mercedes-Benz. It’s a boldly styled SUV with two electric motors that combine for an output of 402 horsepower with 564 pound-feet of torque. All-wheel-drive will be standard, along with a long list of convenience, connectivity, and safety features. In Europe it’s rated to run for 279 miles on a full charge, though that number may be somewhat lower when evaluated by U.S. standards.
BMW’s Mini brand is developing a new full-electric version of the comely Cooper coupe, likely for later in 2020. Details, however, remain sketchy. Only scant visual tidbits like this one remain available. Reports say it will share technology with the BMW i3, and could run for as many as 200 miles on a full charge. Expect it to deliver Mini’s famed go-kart-like handling.
Volvo is launching a new high-tech sub-brand this year called Polestar. While its first model, the Polestar 1, will be a plug-in hybrid, the Polestar 2 is a sleekly cast full-electric luxury four-door hatchback. Intended to compete with the Tesla Model 3, the automaker is targeting a range of 275 miles on a charge, with its two electric motors expected to put around a combined 485 pound-feet of torque to the pavement. All-wheel drive will come standard.
Porsche’s first full-electric model will be an ultra-exotic battery-powered four-door sports car. It’s said to leap off the line and reach 62 mph (100 km/h) in a sudden 3.5 seconds. The automaker claims around 300 miles of range with a full battery, with the ability to recharge about 60 miles worth of energy in just four minutes.
Yet another startup EV builder, Rivian plans to introduce a futuristic-looking pickup truck for 2020 to be built in the former Mitsubishi factory in Normal, IL. No mere poseur, the R1T is said to deliver a 400-mile range, with its quad-motor system enabling off-road adventures and a 0-60 mph time of just three seconds on paved roads.
TESLA MODEL Y
Expected sometime during 2020, assuming the automaker incurs no production delays or other corporate calamities, the Tesla Model Y will essentially be a crossover SUV version of the Model 3 sedan. Smaller and less expensive than the Model X, it’s sure to become the company’s best selling model. It will initially come in performance, long-range, and dual motor all-wheel drive variants with specs similar to the Model 3.
Tesla’s original Roadster was its first model and it broke new ground in terms of performance and operating range. It’s coming back for 2020 with a freshly curvy profile and uncanny performance. Tesla claims it will fly to 60 mph in a rocket-like 1.9 seconds, reach a felonious top speed of 250 mph, and run for a seemingly impossible 620 miles with a full charge.
No – quite the opposite in fact.
When going at a constant speed downhill – the car uses regenerative braking to maintain that speed without going faster and faster.
In effect, the electric motor(s) in the car are turned in to generators – and charge up the battery as they go.
Here is an actual screen shot from my Tesla Model 3 – taken shortly after driving over the Franklin Mountains in El Paso…it’s a graph of the energy consumed per mile driven over the last 30 minutes (kinda like the “mpg” number for a gasoline car):
I bought a Model 3 Standard Range Plus with Full-Self-Driving – a little over a year ago.
I went online – did all of the options selection, all of the financing, taxing and insuring in about 40 minutes – and without ever speaking to an actual human. The deposit money was taken from my credit card.
The car was on a 14day delivery back then – but it took a little longer – more like three3 weeks.
During which time, I had to put up with just a model-Model-3:
The full-sized model 3 was delivered on a large covered car transporter – theoretically to my front door – but in fact the driver phoned me to say he couldn’t get through the twisty streets in my neighborhood in his gigantic truck – so we met him in a nearby street. He offloaded the car – gave me time to inspect it – handed me the “credit card” car keys – and that was that. So I drove it the last 100 yards home.
This is by FAR the most pleasant way to buy a car.
SNAFU’S AND MINOR GLITCHES:
There were some SNAFU’s and complications…mostly because I live in Texas where it’s illegal for a car company to sell direct to a customer…this is true in about 50% of US states.
So what happened was that the car was sold to me in Arizona – where it’s legal. The car was delivered by Tesla to their distribution center in Phoenix Arizona – where I actually purchased it. Then Tesla did the work to re-title the car in Texas at their expense.
The car was not shipped in a Tesla transporter but by some 3rd party (whom Tesla also paid).
This complicated little legal dance would not have been noticeable to me EXCEPT that there was some confusion about my insurance. They couldn’t re-title the car to me without it being insured – and I couldn’t insure it without a VIN – and somewhere along the line someone dropped the ball.
So the car arrived with no temporary licence plates and I had to go back to Tesla and have them do that after the insurance SNAFU got ironed out. I’m still not sure whether it was their fault, my fault, my insurance company’s fault – or the DMV here in El Paso’s fault…I’m betting the latter because we’re pretty sure ours was the first Tesla ever sold here.
Although companies like Uber and Tesla are not very successful in that aspect, fully self driving cars will have to be able to avoid collisons by all means. They simply will have to be designed in a way that they do not crash against something.
Okay, so what will a self driving car do, when another driver deliberately cuts its lane? What, if some guys make a fun out of throwing garbage cans at self driving cars? What, if some unemployed taxicab drivers try to make a ride in a self-driving taxicab as unpleasant as possible?
This is unlikely? Tell me why people spend extra money in order to make their trucks pollute the air as much as possible:
CyberTruck will cost half the competition, and here’s why the math says it works.
Currently I am responsible for system and safety engineering in a L3 autonomous driving project which is quite similar with Google’s self-driving car tech strategy.
Basically there are three tasks self-driving car will do in autonomous mode:
Assume that you are driving a car and the car is making acceleration/deceleration, steering dynamic driving tasks. Which means you are using your eyes, ears(Perception), mind(Planning) to sense the world and using hands and feet to control the vehicle(Control).
Since there will be no human operating a self-driving car – Car needs to love itself.
For car perception, currently google is using these sensors layout to sense the world:
Lidar, camera and radar are three main selected sensors used not only in Google’s project but also in other automotive company projects. Lidars are used for lane detection, object detection. Cameras are used for lane detection, object detection, radars are used for object detection.
In addition, from safety point of view, redundancy layout of sensors are not only for algorithm and sensor coverage, but for the fail-operational requirements when car is under a fault and passenger in the car cannot takeover in time. – Duplicated sensor will still keeping to provide world information.
The sensor data are transferred via Ethernet/CAN/LVDS from sensors into a box in the car. Box is like:
Many I/O interfaces are designed to connect to the sensors, power supply etc.
For car planning, inside the box, there will be a baseboard integrated with SoCs like Nvidia’s TEGRA, after the SoCs get the data from the sensors, planning computation will be started.
After sensor fusion tasks in SoCs, the objects sensed by Lidar, radar and camera will be assigned to the lane sensed by camera, lidar. And combined with the localization data generated by GNSS+IMU. A map with all the lanes, objects, ego localization information will be generated.
The self-driving car get the measured distance to object, lane boundary and perform the trajectory planning like the yellow path in the picture above.
For car control, the vehicle motion control module will be divided into longitudinal and lateral control part implemented in SoCs. Motion control commands will be sent out towards the chassis subsystems to execute the vehicle.
There are three main parts in Chassis layout, electric power steering(steer the vehicle), engine management system(accelerate the vehicle) and brake control system(decelerate the vehicle).
That’s how strategically self-driving car works.
The reason you should never buy an electric car are many, too many to list in this response, so I’ll only address a few.
- You should never buy an electric car if you are addicted to the smell of gas on you and or your clothing and shoes.
- You should never buy an electric car if you just can’t live without being nickeled and dimeed for routine and suggested maintenance.
- You should never buy an electric car if you are hell bent on not having instant tourq.
- You should never buy an electric car if you are wanting to stand firmly in your opinion that electric cars are a fad for a niche market. I could go on but I think you get the picture.
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List of Freely available programming books - What is the single most influential book every Programmers should read
- Bjarne Stroustrup - The C++ Programming Language
- Brian W. Kernighan, Rob Pike - The Practice of Programming
- Donald Knuth - The Art of Computer Programming
- Ellen Ullman - Close to the Machine
- Ellis Horowitz - Fundamentals of Computer Algorithms
- Eric Raymond - The Art of Unix Programming
- Gerald M. Weinberg - The Psychology of Computer Programming
- James Gosling - The Java Programming Language
- Joel Spolsky - The Best Software Writing I
- Keith Curtis - After the Software Wars
- Richard M. Stallman - Free Software, Free Society
- Richard P. Gabriel - Patterns of Software
- Richard P. Gabriel - Innovation Happens Elsewhere
- Code Complete (2nd edition) by Steve McConnell
- The Pragmatic Programmer
- Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs
- The C Programming Language by Kernighan and Ritchie
- Introduction to Algorithms by Cormen, Leiserson, Rivest & Stein
- Design Patterns by the Gang of Four
- Refactoring: Improving the Design of Existing Code
- The Mythical Man Month
- The Art of Computer Programming by Donald Knuth
- Compilers: Principles, Techniques and Tools by Alfred V. Aho, Ravi Sethi and Jeffrey D. Ullman
- Gödel, Escher, Bach by Douglas Hofstadter
- Clean Code: A Handbook of Agile Software Craftsmanship by Robert C. Martin
- Effective C++
- More Effective C++
- CODE by Charles Petzold
- Programming Pearls by Jon Bentley
- Working Effectively with Legacy Code by Michael C. Feathers
- Peopleware by Demarco and Lister
- Coders at Work by Peter Seibel
- Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!
- Effective Java 2nd edition
- Patterns of Enterprise Application Architecture by Martin Fowler
- The Little Schemer
- The Seasoned Schemer
- Why's (Poignant) Guide to Ruby
- The Inmates Are Running The Asylum: Why High Tech Products Drive Us Crazy and How to Restore the Sanity
- The Art of Unix Programming
- Test-Driven Development: By Example by Kent Beck
- Practices of an Agile Developer
- Don't Make Me Think
- Agile Software Development, Principles, Patterns, and Practices by Robert C. Martin
- Domain Driven Designs by Eric Evans
- The Design of Everyday Things by Donald Norman
- Modern C++ Design by Andrei Alexandrescu
- Best Software Writing I by Joel Spolsky
- The Practice of Programming by Kernighan and Pike
- Pragmatic Thinking and Learning: Refactor Your Wetware by Andy Hunt
- Software Estimation: Demystifying the Black Art by Steve McConnel
- The Passionate Programmer (My Job Went To India) by Chad Fowler
- Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution
- Algorithms + Data Structures = Programs
- Writing Solid Code
- Getting Real by 37 Signals
- Foundations of Programming by Karl Seguin
- Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice in C (2nd Edition)
- Thinking in Java by Bruce Eckel
- The Elements of Computing Systems
- Refactoring to Patterns by Joshua Kerievsky
- Modern Operating Systems by Andrew S. Tanenbaum
- The Annotated Turing
- Things That Make Us Smart by Donald Norman
- The Timeless Way of Building by Christopher Alexander
- The Deadline: A Novel About Project Management by Tom DeMarco
- The C++ Programming Language (3rd edition) by Stroustrup
- Patterns of Enterprise Application Architecture
- Computer Systems - A Programmer's Perspective
- Agile Principles, Patterns, and Practices in C# by Robert C. Martin
- Growing Object-Oriented Software, Guided by Tests
- Framework Design Guidelines by Brad Abrams
- Object Thinking by Dr. David West
- Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment by W. Richard Stevens
- Hackers and Painters: Big Ideas from the Computer Age
- The Soul of a New Machine by Tracy Kidder
- CLR via C# by Jeffrey Richter
- The Timeless Way of Building by Christopher Alexander
- Design Patterns in C# by Steve Metsker
- Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carol
- Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance by Robert M. Pirsig
- About Face - The Essentials of Interaction Design
- Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations by Clay Shirky
- The Tao of Programming
- Computational Beauty of Nature
- Writing Solid Code by Steve Maguire
- Philip and Alex's Guide to Web Publishing
- Object-Oriented Analysis and Design with Applications by Grady Booch
- Effective Java by Joshua Bloch
- Computability by N. J. Cutland
- Masterminds of Programming
- The Tao Te Ching
- The Productive Programmer
- The Art of Deception by Kevin Mitnick
- The Career Programmer: Guerilla Tactics for an Imperfect World by Christopher Duncan
- Paradigms of Artificial Intelligence Programming: Case studies in Common Lisp
- Masters of Doom
- Pragmatic Unit Testing in C# with NUnit by Andy Hunt and Dave Thomas with Matt Hargett
- How To Solve It by George Polya
- The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho
- Smalltalk-80: The Language and its Implementation
- Writing Secure Code (2nd Edition) by Michael Howard
- Introduction to Functional Programming by Philip Wadler and Richard Bird
- No Bugs! by David Thielen
- Rework by Jason Freid and DHH
- JUnit in Action
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